Smoothing Plane

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FIG. I. Two V Ii WS vt Tut COH »LittC H-^HL Tfc» WLkkAi Jr jwl^x d Ii Li w I |M plih» iilCtd ufWUif HttilHnf t

'L will T.'ji k J'IT BHkmhrj LI <iJ*f.. up [0 |ht I-rvilc ol 'II [vLIC. n In.

FIG. I. Two V Ii WS vt Tut COH »LittC H-^HL Tfc» WLkkAi Jr jwl^x d Ii Li w I |M plih» iilCtd ufWUif HttilHnf t

'L will T.'ji k J'IT BHkmhrj LI <iJ*f.. up [0 |ht I-rvilc ol 'II [vLIC. n In.

adjustable

CHAMFER PLANE

TJit ¿fliff of Lim efcffmft/ p>lone ii [hat it iiahjfs flfip nn/tiicr üf fittti to t>t cbun\ftrtis <0 iüJCt^ Tilt ion« depth ft-ii&SM< ^nevjiHi.! markig Mit, Jrtrf a\i (0 the umt avlpJe, ftKtlie"nfln= r[ ¿drt bi LiSfd fW ric^prf fJuMtf/rrj. A ip^tiijr ihvrJnfli*

TL L]. mailt chamfer EkjcIv is V ijiöovcd at the IjOtLOOTl, Lhe side* sloping M 45 drg. and lllih meeting fit <jo tL-t'u. Thöc sidtt act asfences i>r guides, einbring thr- chamfer l^-in^ worked at 45 deg., Tiit front Ii etil at 4._r] deg-t ^ fpiK Iwdy cut ait the same w^lt) is free (6 jJklc njuinil dowLi, bnrt^ held in petition by ^ tojigLie. A lnjll holds the two parL* toiet her i n tKercqmred posiiion. The euiter, a IJ-in. Stanley grooving iron, is held by ii wedg^.

Ute, The plane liody k Hi-t so that ;i tbmr fer of the required size ivi] I hi" produced (it wilt lie realised that the plain1 ceases to cut ¡lUtonnaliealltf when the depth has been reached, ijuct one ing lidc od' lIil: chamfer lhody acl-s as a depth ^ange wjiihi ihn- other forms a fence). 'fite chamfer width a dcclded by measuring aeroas die plane face the distance bei Wcci i I he iV>piiig s ides. Having lifhtein'd [he boll die cLitter is placed Lin poaicinjt, sighted, atid the wedge knocked in,

W hm I is i I iff the plane ¡¿tart at the Ear end and bring the plane a 11 [tie fart he t liaek at each iut* fig, ¡¡. plane teaive trroke. It is held ai an h angle, of tWISCj ihr1 sloping sides ^n^Tun"^

acting M a guide. 11 is awkward Lo Start fl ¿haviiig at the neat end owing to I here l>ehig no guidt beneath the front of the plane. All you need IO do, however,, is to revtise llu1 plane a ad lIit: (ip|MKiitc way.

En I he eam- of a slopped ctlBmfcr a cut about £ in. or in. is cliisdUd itnmcdialeh ^gaimt the Slop, Then, wbrn the bulinose month lf subiiiuLEcd (it is only I in. M'idc. I he plane Catl fun out into thh stop. E-"tnf general working; howeverj ihe normal if.üHii'rviifJ fwgr 11

How Make Smoothing Plane

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FIG. SCALE CLEVATIONi OF tht PAATJ. MECH QU SOHE OTHEfl Pt.LIA.DtE rtftiO^OOO JHOLiLO B-l a

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FIG. SCALE CLEVATIONi OF tht PAATJ. MECH QU SOHE OTHEfl Pt.LIA.DtE rtftiO^OOO JHOLiLO B-l a

TOOTHING PLANE

7hir ri imfljfahfy nioifi by E/jC ¿rdf-liftfe-M mnntit, ontf the mECiraf IhoiKJi fitri it htuatty iKTüp[«f. ftrfudiy 1® «K Ft "it of <r.:alid ¿jock mffJtiJ ö ¿ecter f)i'flrith i: lofcrs mifi>i ferner and it nn i^fcitffrj pst ün frfi(-

THKRB i&e two main uses of the toothing plane ; id rmKhcn <lac: surface to iivr a hey for the til tic.1 nhih verteering <W tor u wid<-kjanb and (hf Mki- out the plane marks after the surface has been trued up widl lilt panel flr trying pliirte. I■. tbrrffori, lias .1 cutler i.lie back of vliEch is ico-iiiE (ictc grooves 30 ih-.ii. when jEjrtlfpctusd, tlie edge pr«;cnLs a fine iöw'-JIkr appraraAOe. This Cuts a Sfri« of fl-Fvo serielles.

] 1 l ithl- licit wort; a 1nothing plane is made in a sinirlr Eilock of Ihi cEi. hin yOü will appreciate that it is ¡tit awkward job In cut ulü tlie mouth and I tic escapement töricausfi it is practically lmpn»l|t to

Wood Plane

FLANS.

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Making Toothing Plane

FIG. I. EJlLMTlAL FOi JES.EE"i NC Thii Ii ™d it i*uih»n i uring pr-nvld-i a krji firt [h* [lüt. 19 uLa nui. phn-c r f

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FLANS.

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FIG. I. EJlLMTlAL FOi JES.EE"i NC Thii Ii ™d it i*uih»n i uring pr-nvld-i a krji firt [h* [lüt. 19 uLa nui. phn-c indtrt a saw in die Opening.

11!. 11 It mhaVC Spi c.iil t Sfl W4 which they use.-. Hi is means that < Etc- waste has largely to lie Ijortd away and I hen cEio[j]>ed with die chisd, l-Eeic, nw-ever, wc show a simpler alter* native □ ■ l which the uniif is made In two lulva, I he joinl running longitudinally from liacSi to fuinL, Dowct arc used to strengthen the jnnlr J11 this wty it lu easy to ii>h down and then chisel away

par Li afterwards.

If possible have (lie grain so fliat die medullary rays are mprc Or less vertical (Fig. t)r 'I his fives the sole greater remittance m wear. Plane Qt two pieces square mid form a perfect joint, marking face siOi-

(CwJiiMfcW fti 11)

f\q 1 HOW HALVES *F!L J^INTEP [TQCt THi R

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AK example of i En- usc(ljEue&£ of ill if. pEaftC is that of fiiiinii shelves to, say, a liooke^sr irj which ihr H-titls ary grooved. Normally if i lie shelves ivcrc too tight a Fi l , one would Ejikr- u shavitiLi cíÍT tíse ends, but ¡ Cfci r m ■ i ih ¡someLimeí

ra L'ÍKf: O^iiig (Hh JU^C Olie Ejroove behlif (oo pfdFrOHV I'o make a]] the shelves m|(i'chai)iíLible jll wouid Eiave to he reduced lO SuU (Elc riamnv groove, and this would mean that they would make a loose (it in (En: remaining grooms. By ditt; this £lane the finally groove can he corrected.

It is obvioÍB ift;i[ ibc platte cannot work in a gioove wfakh is narrower than the thick n. 03 oí' ¡t* lower part, and elm is a point to Consider before du- plftne is Started. 1 he plain- given has a thiek^ ncsf of I ill. a[ [he lwniom. kd diat it will work in any groove of (irrater width than this. This mil be ibimd suitable for the vasL majWlty of fots.

Any hard, reliable hardwbod ean lie used. The plane in Fig. i is of oak, and tl has given many years of good scrvice, A brass jepejliiEi is fitted, as this ftives it a cleaner clliLing anion and itduiö wear. The cutter is a B iron From a Stanley plough plane, but any similar eaCLer eimld br lcsi-(I.

Setting out. Assujoiiifl that the sines in Fiffi, 3-5 ftre IjeiiiR followed, there is no need for ft drawing to he made beenusr :hr- whole tiling can lie set ont on the wood i I self. TheiE is one small complication that may prmí a i rille lagging ai fii-slt and this is [In: Pact that Mie sloping gnuove in i tlie CiltteT lies is tilted over at a sligln angle, so that" one side is deeper thai* the other when measured at |JoinLs opposite LO eaeli other at right angles. This is liceausr it Mould otherwise Ik impossible to seL the mouth .it rieht anides with i he Ejoit^m of die plane. It sounds more ¿oinplí-raled than it actually is, ior lii fact it works intL that ¡hp depth of the t*riKive is lIm- same nr ¡i filtron wrtiemj opposite point*. In Lhis way it is obvious that l(ie moudi will Iii- at ri^Eit angles WÍL]i the bottom lietansc the Top of the mouth is necessarily 0|)]>osilp die lhollorn.

Cutting the Groov*. Kirs| CIlC oui die mam su>i-k to cl-Li- over-all Sfces given. The use of the Stain in 3 wU] show these, Worfc uloiyg one

SIDE REBATE PLAÑE

t\ii prqctfwl mi/i f™ ovíwaft) g Job rt 'i Cfl inCríuií Efii widtti af a grwt ofui il has íotji cal. ttm fftjsel rS diflíf-jtl a riirn.:pLírütí, «Sethaílp i^Jif/i onfy a imüJí flm«jift ^üí (P be dfus (jn Dfíf.níry buírnejí oi reiníí pta™ ji iistlcír bífousc i'L fiwirapt li'r fln- sidt Jo LÜC £nttrt. 7hr fitans s.haivr? ril Fíj- I h intended ipraailf fot LhíS hfirk. TJic n\quú\ is ot the-íidÉ 9f [liÉ- ptorw jrkftfíTÍ Of LVnrfflWJtíi, drld cun tlior bt tcJíEn off thí íi'díí {tf [fie jrosrt ül SÍHíwrt ¿rí íijf. 2.

s ir Ir the rebaje wlierc tlie mauth occyiij and iquate the latter rotpid alt thirr- sidií, \hirk in (Ilp slape <nf die cuUrf ^rrxn e ¡H the side as i ti Fjg, and al the Lop edí;e mark íes slope. "l'o rnt the groovr the Ih-st plan ts lo nlake a sw cnt al the nsoLith íind taw in the sides as far as practicable. A !|nirk íjoLLije ean he tised to removí the inajority of tlnL WAste„ and, the saw cut al tbe nioulli mad¿

tht fíouge eHnt run straigllt i rito it enablinií ilte w-i-n- sepífate rasily.

íl [< advuable to make lite gioo^e n>f ihc snrnc d(|)(h al IkhEp sities at íirsL, and then gradually case anay the uppcr side LLiitil the fonect a]ij;3e is readiedr An c^cellent ]jlan is to clle a tluntEny cütter of WKM>d of the saine Jjs thte steel oneh ciitiiiijí the end at ÜMS correct anuir ;md hevidlipc il, I'liis can 1 lie 11 l>e Lid i ti the nvovv íuwI witll [iríive a gnidn- as (o wfietl t>Le fíroove \í correr t.

Il vlÍH be frjuiid that llieoretieally ¡he ^rrjinT will rtm ont to foiVrl a feather e<lpe atTttój iís svidili al lEie niouth. In pi'actire it is as wrll to allm^' a ver y sligln thickness as :i leallier ^^lEí^ ls llable to Crumbte. Mcjit uf the vaste rau be chiselhtl aivay afier the pretimionr^' gou^ing, bul a lile Can lxr used WÍth ^deaiitape aftens-arí!s lo mak<L the E>íittom jieifr-etly lev el,

The Monlb ¡tnd Wcdse. \ote frOm l ius. 3 > uiLtt tn that where the braa innudi is l)tti\l the is Cul WtH back. Tmí emibles the uovill^i (íj elear easilv. The hi ass ean lie in. qt nnire Jri-

Th« rm>É US* of [hh pll-r-» Id In illfhtlT «fliriinc Lr TTM4h j-l É r? fMt rhT wnM) wl(h \ (.hlLtl ,d ifkwjrd. n»

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Responses

  • SARA
    How to make smoothing plane?
    6 years ago
  • abi
    How build a woodwork plane?
    6 years ago
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    How to make woodwork tools?
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