Blueprints For Wood Projects

Ted's Woodworking Plans

Teds Woodworking is not just a simple book containing a lot of plans and ideas for woodcrafts. It is rather a complete set of several books which are vital for you to become a professional. The book contains detailed steps and guidelines for you to make proper wood crafts. These steps and techniques will guide you through each stage of the wood crafting, and will help you craft designs which are unique, attractive and cost effective. Each woodworking design that you will create will either beautify your home, or will give you a handsome amount of money in case you decide to sell the craft. In case you are planning to run your own woodworking business by selling various unique wood crafts, this book is ideal for you. This is because this book will guide you through the process of making your business successful, helping you earn lots of money through it. Read more here...

Tedswoodworking Plans Summary


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Bosch Woodworking Tools

Jigsaws, routers, sanders, planers, benchtop tools, dust collection and accessories make up Bosch Woodworking Tools. Send for more information about the full line of precision equipment. BOSCH POWER TOOLS AND ACCESSORIES. Circle No. 173. CMT CUTTING TOOLS CATALOG CMT stands for high performance router bits, saw blades, spiral bits, boring bits and more. CMT USA, Inc. The only orange one. CMT USA, INC. Circle No. 180. CONNECTICUT VALLEY MFG. CO. The world's finest Forstner bits. Offered in 1 16 sizes from 1 4 to 1 1 2, 1 8 sizes to 3. Special sizes on request. CONNECTICUT VALLEY MFG. CO. Circle No. 183. EAGLE AMERICA WOODWORKING CATALOG Features the largest selection of professional quality American-made router bits. 100's of unique accessories. 100 total satisfaction guaranteed. EAGLE AMERICA CORP. Circle No. 193. FORREST SAW BLADES

Woodworking materials

The acacia was probably the most widely used of the native trees. Evidence of its use by woodworkers can be traced throughout the Dynastic Period. It was used not only in the making of furniture but also in boatbuilding and large constructional projects. A number of tomb and temple scenes showing the acacia survive. A piece of wood from W. M. Flinders Petrie's excavations at Kahun in 1895 is preserved in the museum of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, where botanists have confirmed its identification as acacia. these new timbers reached Egypt during the Old Kingdom, the quality of woodworking improved.

Saracenic Woodwork From Cairo and Damascus

The carved pulpit, from a mosque in Cairo, which is in the South Kensington Museum, was made for Sultan Kaitbeg, 1468-96. The side panels, of geometrical pattern, though much injured by time and wear, shew signs of ebony inlaid with ivory, and of painting and gilding they are good specimens of the kind of work. The two doors, also from Cairo, the oldest parts of which are just two hundred years earlier than the pulpit, are exactly of the same style, and, so far as appearances go, might be just as well taken for two hundred years later, so conservative was the Saracenic treatment of decorative woodwork for some four or five centuries. Pentagonal and hexagonal mosaics of ivory, with little mouldings of ebony dividing the different panels, the centres of eccentric shapes of ivory or rosewood carved with minute scrolls, combine to give these elaborate doors a very rich effect, and remind one of the work still to be seen at the Alhambra. The illustration on p. 142 is of a carved wood door...

Woodcraft Retail Franchises

Are you passionate about woodworking Want to own your own business Willing to make a substantial investment in your future Woodcraft is looking for the right individuals to join our franchise team. Contact us today for more information WOODCRAFT SUPPLY CORP. Circle No. 924. THE WOODWORKING SHOWS Three days of can't miss education and savings Learn about the latest hard-to-find tools, equipment, and supplies. Attend seminars for every skill level. Save on everything for your shop. Forty-two shows this season. THE WOODWORKING SHOWS. Circle No. 934.

Metalwork For Woodworkers

Few woodworkers have fully equipped metalworking shops, but for anyone with a metalworklng lathe then these little plugs present no problems. For those, like me, who don't have such equipment then a little bit of metalwork, especially in something as easy to work as aluminium, can be accomplished with woodworking tools.

Kentish Woodwork Types

Richard Legh

It is merely an example of the school of designing and carving which both helped to found, as exemplified in much of the woodwork in St. Paul's Cathedral and elsewhere. The Renaissance of the South-West, whether in clerical or in secular woodwork, is nearly always richer in detail than in the East of England. It is also, as a rule, exceedingly varied, yet possessing marked characteristics which are typical and recognisable. Such examples as the fine Wrey pew in Tawstock Church, Fig. 68, may be cited as representative of the expression of the French Renaissance in Devonshire, examples of which have already been illustrated in the Exeter panellings, Figs. 312 to 316, Vol. I. So closely was the style assimilated, and so fine in execution and full in design are manv of these Devonshire examples, that the hand of the French carver and designer has often been suspected, and with reason. In spite of this foreign character, very strong in such details as the balusters supporting the tester of...


Tbo WOODWORKER Magazine has taught thousands of pn how io use their spare time profitably. Each article is written by an c pcrt, and hi clear instruction and detailed diagrams enable even the least experienced to obtain good results. Every man who is interested in woodwork in home or workshop, and who wishes lo keep abreast of latest ideas should sec ihts journal each month.

Woodworker Handyman

Specially deigned for I he hunic woodworker with Little exponent, who wishes to turn his hjobby to ihc b t advantage. HAMMER AND NAILS CAEPEM ftV HOME HOBBIES TN WOOD NEW WOODWORK I ROM OLD SI KONG WOOD FN TOYS Small toys in wood home handyman make your own furniture furniture repairing woodcarvd4g for bliginners garden woodwork ol11 door woodwork ABC OF WOODWORK, Pricc to. 6< L net. 4s. 9J. pent fin. This book (tats with. USi of tools, essential joints. and rundjnwntul process

Fine Woodworking

I teach a three-day workshop on cutting half-blind and through-dovetails. In that class, students not only learn how to lay out and cut these two joints, but also how to build a traditional dovetailed drawer. The first order of business is to tune up your tools two chisels, a dovetail saw, and a marking gauge. Using properly tuned tools makes your woodworking life much easier.

Preface To The Series

This series consists of five volumes, four of which are intended as textbooks for pupils in manual-training, industrial, trade, technical, or normal schools. The fifth book of the series, the Handbook in Woodwork and Carpentryis for the use of teachers and of normal students who expect to teach the subjects treated in the other four volumes. Of the pupils' volumes, the first two, Elements of Woodwork and Elements of Construction, are adapted to the needs of students in manual-training schools, or in any institution in which elementary woodwork is taught, whether as purely educational handwork, or as preparatory to a high, or trade, school course in carpentry or vocational training.

Rules for Planing to Dimensions

The nature of the piece of woodwork that is to be done determines the method to be used in squaring up mill-planed stock. Your instructor will provide specific directions for the order of procedure until you have acquired the ability to see for yourself the correct method to be used.


An experience, somewhat extended, in teaching academic branches of learning as well as woodworking, has convinced the author that the most effective teaching of woodworking can be accomplished only when its content is made a subject of as diligent study as is that of the other and older branches. Such a study necessitates the use, by the student, of a textbook. The selection of a suitable text is made difficult because of the fact that tool processes are usually treated in connection either with models or exercises. It is hardly to be expected that any one set of models or of exercises, tho they may be of very great value, will fill the needs of varying local school conditions. The production of a textbook which shall deal with tool processes in a general way without reference to any particular set of models or exercises is the author's aim. It is believed that such a text will prove suitable wherever the essentials of woodworking shall be taught, whether in grammar, high school or...

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WOODWORKING BOOKS & VIDEOS Fine Woodworking To contribute an article, give a tip, or ask a question, contact Fine Woodworking at the address above or If you'd like to carry Fine Woodworking in your store, call the Taunton Trade Company at If at any time you're not completely satisfied with Fine Woodworking, you can cancel your subscription and receive a full and immediate refund of the entire subscription price. No questions asked.

Sanding Doweling Joinery Techniques

Words like dado and phrases such as mortise and tenon worry people who haven't been around woodworking. These are descriptions Of popular wood joining methods, but they have a complicated ring. They make the joints they describe sound difficult when they actually arc not. To begin with, there are only eight basic joining methods in woodworking. Through the centuries, woodworkers have tried various ways to join pieces of wood so the joints would be both durable and attractive, and only eight basic joint formations have survived. Five of these arc commonly used in furniture making because they have proven their value. As one venerable master cabinet maker told us, These must be good, because we have been working on them for 6.0(H) years.

Tormek Sharpening And Honing System

Top quality, made In Sweden tor serious woodworkers, cabinet makers, wood turners and wood carvers. Anybody can now sharpen and have an edge much more easily and faster. TORMEK U.S.A. Circle No. 1785. NEW MULTI-DUTY PLANER, MOLDS, SANDS & SAWS Quickly turn low-cost rough lumber into valuable finished stock create high-protit moldings, tongue & groove, picture frame stock, any custom design. Choose from 12, 18 or 25 inch models all with infinitely variable power feed. WOODMASTER TOOLS. Circle No. 1818. WOODSTOCK INTERNATIONAL, INC. Our line of SHOP FOX Woodworking Machines offers professional-level quality at a home shop price. These machines have many additional and proprietary features not available from any other brands. Ask for SHOP FOX at your iocal woodworking supplier or contact us (see advertisement) for a supplier in your area. WOODSTOCK INTERNATIONAL. INC. Circle No. 1824.

Chapter Combining Operations

These seemingly magic machines actually exist and are available from several reputable vendors. They have not been generally considered as a viable alternative to traditional woodworking machines but instead they have been treated as a special machine of their own. These machines are the CNC router or CNC machining centers as some companies call them. Initially, CNC routers were just that, routers. These machines today, however, are routinely equipped with a wide variety of processing heads and can perform all the operations needed to complete most furniture parts in a single cycle. There is a general understanding that this technology exists, however, there also exists a feeling that substituting a high priced CNC router for more traditional, lower cost woodworking machines is cost prohibitive. CNC routers appear to process parts slower than more traditional machines and there exists a concern that an adequate level of production would be difficult to achieve. Rather than generalize...

Floor Cost Cost of Factory Space Carrying Cost of Inventory

Most of these factors have very little effect when production runs are very long and they have generally been discarded as immaterial. When production lots become smaller as they have done in the woodworking industry, these factors actually become dominant. If you ignore them, you will be totally unable to see major potential for improvement.

Assembly And Finishing

1 Fit all the drawers into the carcass and stick the false fronts on to them with some form of temporary adhesive, such as double-sided sticky tape, so that they can be moved until an exact fit is obtained. When their position is satisfactory, from the inside of the drawers mark the screw positions on the backs of the drawer fronts with a bradawl. Take the pine,, fronts from the drawers and apply some woodworking glue, then screw them to the plywood drawer fronts in the marked positions. Fix two knobs to each drawer front.

Install The Door And Check The

Woodworking Keep your Fine Woodworking back issues looking brand new. Store your treasured copies oiFine Woodworking in slipcases for easy reference again and again Bound in dark blue and embossed in gold, each case holds more than a year's worth oiFine Woodworking. Only 8.95 ( 24.95 for 3, 49.95 for 6).

Miscellaneous Materials

Mother-of-pearl can be obtained prepared for use in various qualities and colours, blue, pink and green being the most expensive. It can be cut with a jeweller's piercing saw and filed to shape, but should be backed with a temporary veneer or sheet of paper before cutting as some varieties are very brittle. If laid with hide glue it should be roughened with a file and any slight curvature taken up with plaster of Paris mixed in the glue. Very little pressure must be used, sufficient only to press the shell home flush with the surface, and final finishing is done with 10 0 grit abrasive paper, from which the fierceness of the cut has been knocked off by rubbing two sheets together, followed up by pumice powder and rottenstone. The pearl can be engraved by brushing over with warm wax, scratching through the wax when cold and pouring nitric acid into the scratches, after which mastic suitably coloured is run into the lines to complete the design. Tortoiseshell can be cut and laid in a...

Design Determines Joinery

Bed designs may vaiy widely, but sound constaiction is a critical part of any design's success. Fortunately, there aren't too many structural issues to deal with. First, you have to figure out the best way to support the mattress and box spring. Also, because most beds need to be transportable, they must come apart quickly and easily, and when put back together be rigid and silent. That means you must choose the best systems for joining the rails to the posts and the posts to the headboard. I've built countless beds during my woodworking career. Using the techniques I've learned, you can make any style of bed.

Analyzing The Situation

This example describes a very common occurrence in furniture repair and provides you with two insights (I ) you must be prepared to analyze repair situations in order to consider alt possible solutions (2) you need enough woodworking skill and knowledge to make the basic joints. The joints you should learn to make are the dowel, mortise-and-tenon, the dovetail, the miter, the dado and the full and half laps. The making of each of these joints is covered here in step-by-step photographs and drawings, liefer to these every time you must make a joint until you become familiar with the techniques. By all means, make some practice joints out of scrap hardwood before trying to repair a good piece of furniture. Gain some confidence in your woodworking abilities first then go to work. You can make your own dowels or buy them at some home centcrs and most woodworking specialty shops. The dowels you buy have circular grooves already cut in them to take care of the glue. You can find them in...

Processing Cost parts part

Furniture manufacturers typically focus on both machine cost and processing speed as the key elements in determining the best machine for their applications. In this example we have shown that set-up time is a more important consideration even though this is typically ignored in evaluating woodworking machines. We used a machine price that is 50 higher with only one advantage, faster set-up. This machine produced parts at a substantially lower processing cost than the standard machine even though the standard machine was significantly less expensive.

Reacting to constructive criticism

78 FINE WOODWORKING He told me about one woodworker active in Guild who entered a Queen Anne chair for consideration by the League. The cabriole legs were well done, but they were not highly polished, and there were gaps in the joinery where the legs met the crest rail. Overall, there simply was not enough attention paid to detail.

By Michael P E Kov Ic H

I had been floundering in art school for a couple of years when I stumbled into a beginning woodworking class. One of my first projects was a simple pencil box with a sliding lid. At wits' end for a way to secure the lid (short of tying it closed), I approached my instructor, John Snidecore, who showed me a simple, spring-loaded wood button catch. Michael Pekovich, a longtime woodworker, is the art director of Fine Woodworking.

The Formula Software Package

In the world of high volume production, most woodworking managers have a fairly accurate personal intuition about costs. When batch sizes get smaller, however, that intuition either doesn't exist or provides faulty guidance. In this chapter we are going to try and develop some accurate guiding principals about variations in modern woodworking plants. What happens to costs when set-up time changes, or cycle time changes, or machine cost changes or labor cost changes Is it more important to have faster set-up or faster cycle time

Chipcarved Chest Of Elm And

The sixteenth century witnessed the abrupt decline of the line earlier Gothic traditions, after the destruction of the monasteries began in 1530. The Gothic lingered, but the earlier guidance of the Church is clearly absent in the woodwork produced after this date. Such a decline can be explained by no other hypothesis than the dispersal of the former knowledge and taste, with the abolition of the monastic houses. It is at this period that we get crude Gothic ornament of cusped tracery, coupled with still cruder construction, which might cause one to imagine that these examples were the forerunners of much of the fine woodwork of the fifteenth century. There are later methods visible in many of these pieces, however, such as the scratch-moulding of the upright styles of Fig. 36 for example, which show that mere crudity is no necessary indication of age. The construction here is from solid boards, without framing, uprights nailed to the sides in the manner of the early chests, and the...

Tenon And Crosscutting Jigs For Circular Saws

Bob Wearing, in his book Making Woodwork Aids & Devices, has an excellent jig for cutting the cheeks of tenons. It uses the mitre-guide slots on a table saw, and is quite sophisticated in that it allows angled tenons to be cut. A simpler version could be made for 90 only operation. Making Woodwork Aids & Devices, by Robert Wearing, is available in paperback (revised edition, GMC Publications, 1999), ISBN I 86108 129 4

Drawer Glides And Hardware

Modern hardware now gives us the opportunity to vary drawer styles and construction methods. Side- and bottom-mount glides with three-quarter and full-extension capabilities, along with positive stops and closing features, have opened a world of design opportunities. Low-cost metal drawer glide sets, which consist of two bottom-mount drawer runners and two cabinet tracks, are simple to install. Installing the new drawer hardware demands special attention to the drawer body width, as most of the hardware requires very precise clearances to operate properly. Otherwise, building high-quality drawers is well within the abilities of any woodworker or hobbyist.

Oak And Pearwood Dole Cupboard

The woodworker copied the stonemason very closely in the early periods. It is probable, of course, that these round shafts were fashioned by hand, without the use of the lathe at all, and this is further suggested by the fact that the diamond-sectioned mullion, or shaft, rapidly ousts the turned column in the screens of the later years of the fourteenth century, and round balusters or shafts do not appear again. The diamond or square section would be obtained by workmanlike means, with the tools of that date, whereas round shafts, in the absence of the lathe, would be troublesome to pro-Esq. duce, with very little decorative

Style In Furniture

To illustrate my meaning in writing the foregoing paragraphs upon the New Art ' many most forcible examples might be brought forward, but it will be sufficient for my present purpose if I refer in particular to the marquetry which constitutes one of the chief features of the furniture and woodwork of the school which we are at present discussing. Much of it is so marvellously clever in execution as almost to defy belief in its being marquetry at all yet it misses its aim, viz., the simulation of painting, which is, of course, altogether out of range. The most ambitious, elaborate, and intricate schemes, both pictorial and decorative, teeming with minute detail, and glowing with almost every tone and shade of colour that can be compounded from the painter's palette really capable of being rendered with any degree of accuracy by the brush alone are conceived, prepared, and placed in the hands of the marquetry-cutter, to be reproduced by him by means of his veneers, natural and stained,...

Southwold Suffolk Chancel Screen

Show the same manner perpetuated in this pictorial decoration of Church woodwork. One of these panels, representing the Crucifixion, is shown here in Fig. 92. It forms the south wing of the reredos. There is the same intricacy in the patterning of the gesso ground as at Norwich Cathedral, but in a more free and flowing manner. The drawing of the figure of Christ is less archaic, as one would expect at this date. St. Michael-at-Plea possessed a magnificent screen in earlier times, of which this panel may have formed a part. Of this screen nothing now remains, if we except these panels. In 1504 the will of Katherine, widow of Alderman Thomas Bew field, leaves 5 marks for the painting and gilding of the rood-loft. A mark or mark of gold weighed eight ounces at this date, and was in value sixteen pounds, thirteen shillings and fourpence in the coin of this time, a large sum in the reign of Henry VII and up to the date when his son began to debase the coinage, as in those days money...

Key To The Illustration On Opposite Page

Xo better conditions could have prevailed for the execution of works which should persist as monuments of art and craftsmanship as long as materials lasted. The Church created its own artisans, its masons, sculptors, carvers or joiners and employed them on its own works under the skilled direction of its prelates. That these craftsmen were lay brothers or monks is probable certainly they seem to have either disappeared when the monasteries were suppressed, or to have lost their skill both in designing and in executing. Possibly when the higher dignitaries of the Church came under the baneful notice of Wolsey and Cromwell, and many, as at Reading, Colchester and Glastonbury, perished at their hands, the guiding spirit of English architecture and woodwork took wings and fled.1 The guiding and directing influence of the Church is very apparent in such woodwork and furniture prior to 1520, which has persisted to the present day, and its absence is equally noticeable in the later work....

Coatings functions and properties

The general term coating is used here for any fluid organic material used to provide a continuous coat or cover on furniture and woodwork. It includes both clear or lightly coloured coatings commonly called varnishes and pig-mented coatings called paints. Coatings may be applied to protect the surface of an object but are often of the utmost importance in themselves since it is the outer film or finish that visually represents an object to the viewer. Coatings are often encountered as systems of surface decoration (e.g. gilding, lacquer) rather than single materials. Therefore, a discussion of the general nature, function and properties of coatings is followed by an account of the structure of some common types of surface decoration and the preparations making up the layers found in them. This discussion covers primarily those coatings intended for interior use.

The Louisquatorze

Powerful divergent beams, clearly indicates for whom the apartment was designed. The furniture, to which this painted and gilded woodwork forms a setting, calls for no special comment beyond that already made, save that I may point out that a comparison of the legs of the pier table with some of the earlier forms of the Chippendale chair leg, may be instituted with results both interesting and instructive.

Contour Enrichment Lightness And Gracioune

As styles move on, as new methods and new uses for old materials emerge, we see the advent of bent wood construction. By virtue of its process of formation, bent wood must have curves its construction allows extensive piercing of the volume. Combine these factors and you have the air of graciousness and lightness so characteristic of bent wood furniture. With these characteristics, this type of furniture functions well in the recreation room, on the large porch, or the out-of-doors terrace and garden, and improvement in design may qualify it for the living room.

Stones That Redefine Sharpness

Laser Cut Box Files

Editor's Note In the past year or so almost every woodworking catalog in the U.S. has started to carry Japanese tools especially Japanese water stones. It's hard to recall such quick acceptance of any other new tool. But is all this excitement justified, or is it just another gimmick That's when we contacted Fred Damsen of Woodline, The Japan Woodworker to find out a little more about these stones and how to use them. sources. All of the Japanese water stones mentioned in the interview can be ordered from the Woodline The Japan Woodworker (Catalog 1.50), 1731 Clement Ave., Alameda, CA 94501. The stones mentioned are Coarse (Toishi) water stones

Upholstering Quaint Easy Chair

To upholster a chair of this description is hardly a job for the woodworker, but it is convenient to understand the process. Turn the frame bottom up, and web the bottom. No. 12 English grey webbing should be used from back to front, with six lengths of webbing, and from side to side with eight, using good J-in. tacks, and doubling over the ends of the webbing. The insides of the arms are webbed with six lengths from top to rail, and two lengthwise. The inside of the back will require six lengths up and nine across. The springs for the seat (see Fig. 97) should be No. 9 hard 8 in., and the back swell springs No. 7 soft 7 in. Sixteen springs are put in the seat and seven in the back swell (four in the bottom row and three in the top). These are sewn to the webbing

Leeds Design Workshops

Learn woodworking and furniture design. An intensive full-time learning situation emphasizing traditional technique as well as modern methods of woodworking. Individual level instruction. amplework areas and an industrially furnished machine room provide a stimulating and efficient learning situation for the serious woodworking student ol limited experience. Bench spaces are available tor Fall 1985. Ask us about our summer workshops in traditional hand tool joinery. i WOODWORKER'S DREAM STORE i HBk Tanaka Hisao, 77,masterplane theircenturies-old skills to American maker, teaching the perfection and Canadian woodworkers. Our JAPANESE MASTERS SEMINAR is the Tanglewood, the Woodstock of woodworkers, a very special time and rare opportunity in the most pleasant natural surroundings. For further free information on our JAPANESE MASTERS SEMINAR, please call or write about the woodworking event of the year. Send queries, comments and sources of supply to Q& A, Fine Woodworking, Box 355,...

Discover The Joy Of Furniture Making

When I started at Fine Woodworking magazine 10 years ago, I had well-honed editing skills but only basic woodworking knowledge. Back then, I was making very simple projects, things I needed to keep my house organized, such as basic bookcases, tables, and shelves. But after reading and editing hundreds of articles on furniture design and construction, I know how to build furniture that's sound both structurally and aesthetically, and I have the confidence to tackle more complex pieces. I'd like to pass along what I've learned at Fine Woodworking in one inclusive magazine Building Furniture. This special collection of Fine Woodworking's best articles on furniture construction and anatomy comes from some of the country's foremost woodworking experts. Lessons learned here can be applied to a broad range of furniture types and styles from various periods. You'll learn how to build bookcases, tables, chairs, cabinets, chests of drawers, and beds in dozens of styles. You'll also get in-depth...


Lap Joint Legs

The thing I like about the fern table is that, while it is basically true to the original, it's not too complicated for the weekend woodworker. To make sure of that, I came up with two easy-to-make jigs to help with the trickiest cuts the compound miters on the apron edges.

Oak Muniment Or Vestment Chest

Gothic Ambry Furniture

Mannered duplication which is evident in much of the secular woodwork or furniture of this period, both in this country and in France. Fig. 25 is one of the small secular chests of the beginning of the sixteenth century, constructed of oak with a front and top of elm. The two roundels are chip-carved in the late Gothic manner. The cutting is rough, as one would expect in a sccular chest at this date, and the Gothic traditions are imperfectly comprehended. The lock is not original. It probably possessed one, of well-finished ironwork, buttressed in the Gothic style. At this date, although woodwork fell from its former high standard very frequently, it is rare to find poor ironwork.

Hidden compartments for special seasonings

Military Campaign Chest Trunk

The spice box was most popular in Europe and the Colonies during the early part of the 1700s, but it continued to be in fashion in Pennsylvania well into the early 1800s. Because of this regional popularity, most of the examples surviving today were probably built in the Chester County area, or as one collector put it, within a 50-mile radius of the statue of William Penn atop the Philadelphia City Hall. Although I grew up in Pennsylvania, I didn't pay any attention to the local furniture forms until I enrolled at the North Bennet Street School in Boston, where students learn woodworking by building furniture in traditional 18th-century English and American styles. This influence led me back 44 The Best of Fine Woodworking From Fine Woodworking magazine (September 1988 ) 72 76-79

Part of oak screen doors from

Original Screen Door

An account of colour decoration in Gothic clerical woodwork is, perforce, also one of the development of the ornament and construction itself. V hether colour and gilding were an integral part of the early work, or whether such decoration was applied as a super-refinement, after the climax of the carpenter and carver has been reached, it is not possible to say, after so much painting whether original or of later date, has been removed. The groined screen of Barking, Figs, no and hi, shows an early development of this type, the deep tracery being pierced in arcaded form and stiffened by the inner ribs of the groining, which are fixed to the posts. Mullions are inserted to support the tracery, breaking each bay into a triple light, small beads being pegged to both faces for strength and decoration. The delicate carved ogees are missing and the carving has suffered much mutilation, but the east side, which is not vaulted, exhibits some beautiful carving in the spandrels, and especially...

Itd tra catnv WD ltip ov J r fa TarTt Ij U Ii fllntf r irl

Ornamental Chippendale

The fashion had now changed instead of the rococo or rock work (literally rock-scroll) and shell (rocquaille et cocquaille) ornament, which had gone out, a simpler and more severe taste had come in. In Sheraton's cabinets, chairs, writing tables, and occasional pieces we have therefore no longer the cabriole leg or the carved ornament but, as in the case of the brothers Adam, and the furniture designed by them for such houses as those in Portland Place, we have now square tapering legs, severe lines, and quiet ornament. Sheraton trusted almost entirely for decoration to his marqueterie. Some of this is very delicate and of excellent workmanship. He introduced occasionally animals with foliated extremities into his scrolls, and he also inlaid marqueterie trophies of musical instruments but as a rule the decoration was in wreaths of flowers, husks, or drapery, in strict adherence to the fashion of the decorations to which allusion has been made. A characteristic feature of his cabinets...

Delicate inlay fans life into a traditional piece

Wood Stringing Inlay Design

40 The Best of Fine Woodworking Carlyle Lynch, a designer, cabinetmaker and retired teacher, lives in Broadway, Va. Drawings by the author. For more of Lynch's plans, see pp. 34-36, 58-60, and 77-79- Others of his drawings are available from Gairett Wade. Lee Valley Tools Ltd and Woodcraft Supply. Constant ine's (2050 East Chester Rd Bronx. N.Y. 10461) stocks fans, escutcheons and inlay borders suitable for the chest shown here. Manhattan Supply Cotp. (151 Sunnyside Blvd Plain-view, N.Y. 11803) has ' win. end-mill router bits with Vs-in. shanks. For more on inlay, see Lynch's article on pp. 34-36.

Keepall scaled down to fit any room

Joining Rail Stile Construction Corners

All you need to build complex pieces of furniture is persistence and a command of basic joinery techniques. For me, learning woodworking has been a matter of reading, studying antique cabinetry and, most of all. lots of practice. My first and only woodworking class was in the fifth grade, when I learned to use basic hand tools and a bandsaw to make cutting boards and other simple objects. It wasn't until a few years ago that I began to build, in a serious way, on those elementary skills. So even if your woodworking experience is as limited as mine. I encourage you to tackle the projects that appeal to you. Most are more manageable than they might appear at first glance. 64 The Best of Fine Woodworking 1 work out of a small shop in the basement of my home. By any standards, it is modestly equipped. For a long time, a 10-in. table-saw and 14-in. drill press were my only power tools. Working almost exclusively with hand tools is slow in terms of output, but I find handwork is an...

Through tenons and scribed cope joints

Antebellum Furniture Reproductions

The New Hampshire seacoast region where I live was one of the first to be settled by the early colonists. By the 18th century, Portsmouth was a busy port and a commercial center. Local merchants and sea captains invested their wealth in elegant homes, many of which still stand today. Thanks to a renewed interest in restoring these fine homes, about half of my woodworking business consists of making authentic period moldings, sash, trim and doors, mostly with traditional hand tools. Period door design-When most people think of early woodwork, an elaborately paneled wall complete with crown molding and chair rail comes to mind. But during the mid-1650s to early 1700s, often called the First Period, buildings were not ornate. Common houses were usually of timber-frame construction. Interior partition walls were made of floor-to-ceiling boards whose edges were molded in a pattern called featheredge, which is a very 118 The Best of Fine Woodworking I begin a door by selecting stock. Period...

And Absence Of Glazing Rebates

The window framing from the old house at Hadleigh, Jig. 41, shows, in the same way as the Burl St. Edmunds corner-posts, that rooms must have been low in pitch, even in the timber-houses of the most elaborate kind. This window is fine and important, even for the fifteenth century, when the craft of the English woodworker was at its zenith, yet the total height is under six feet. If we allow for the cutting of the lower parts of the upright timbers, where they rested 011 the wall-plate, we cannot add much more than one foot, to give, the total height of the room for which they were made. Doors also show, although not so convincingly, that they were intended for low ceilinged rooms. A fifteenth-century door made for a secular house of the timber kind, is rarely over six feet in height, and is usually less even than this.

Frieze Details Of The Exeter Panelling

Thomas Paycocke

Property during their history, and Bishop Grandisson, 1338-70, was their great benefactor. At this period the Priests and Choristers numbered twenty-four. Bishop Oldham, 1507-1522, appears to have made some additions to the Common Room, and the linenfold panelling, which is illustrated here in Figs. 292 and 293, probably dates from his time. The stone mantel in the Hall is certainly earlier, and may be the work of Bishop Brantingham, 1370-1394. There are indications that the. mantel has been taken apart and rebuilt, probably when Hugh Oldham's alterations took place. Above. Bishop Oldham's linenfold panelling is an elaborate tier of arcaded and carved woodwork, with the royal arms placed in the middle of the flank facing the gallery, and on two cartouches the date, 1629, is carved. There are many evidences of later and very ignorant restorations in the Hall. This is especially noticeable in the case of the exceptionally rich bulbous-leg table which stands at this end of the room....

A tradition captures the imagination of contemporary makers

Tension Engineering

110 The Best of Fine Woodworking From l-'ine Woodworking magazine (July 1988) 71 32-38 Had George Nakashima taken his work less personally, my chairmaking career might never have begun. A woman who bought two of his very first captain's chairs, years before, feared to return them to their source tor repairs because she knew the famed contemporary-style woodworker was known sometimes to revoke ownership of work he thought the owner had abused. Instead, she dropped them off, in pieces, at my daddy's shop one serendipitous day some 17 years ago. I was fascinated. The chairs were all of oiled walnut and showed signs of being handmade. The spindles bore heavy spokeshave marks like facets on a cut diamond, and the joints were precisely turned and pegged in place. But when the chairs were restored, I found them uncomfortable to sit in. My attempts to better them ensued, and I began developing my own versions of sleek all-hardwood spindle-back chairs. knowledge of the nature of materials,...

Reliefs and wall paintings

By the Third Dynasty, which marks the beginning of the Old Kingdom, major advances in building construction and the associated trades of woodworking and furniture manufacture are seen. The improvement in the design of furniture can be seen in a series of remarkable wall paintings in the Third Dynasty mastaba of Hesirc at Saqqara. Hesire was chief of dentists and physicians during the reign of Djoser, whose Step Pyramid can also be found at Saqqara.

Qreene Jqreene Wall Mirror

Arts And Crafts Furniture

This large mahogany mirror is an adaptation of a design by Charles and Henry Greene. The original piece is now part of a collection at the David B. Gamble House, a home in Pasadena, California, which was designed by the Greene brothers in 1908. Apart from their woodworking talents, the Greenes were registered architects. Perhaps that explains why their work incorporates both solid aesthetic values and superb structural integrity.

Builtin Furniture

Kitchen woodwork needs a durable finish Many early 20th-century kitchens had painted woodwork and cabinets. If you plan to paint your cabinets, consider using an oil-based enamel, rather than water-based, applied either by brush or spray. Milk paint is an alternative, particularly appropriate if you're going for an authentic Shaker look. One disadvantage with painted woodwork, especially lighter colors, is that it tends to show dirt and grease stains.

Best Ever Plans for Your Home Shop

Towering Tomes Bookcase Plans

Download any of the above woodworking plans starting at just 5.95, or have them mailed directly to you with prices starting at 8.95. For downloading the plan yourself or to view a larger image, go to http woodstore.wootlmall.coin. For a complete selection of woodworking plans, visit the WOOD Store at http w00dst0re.w00dmall.e0m The editors of WOOD Magazine's Best-Ever Furniture You Can Build need your help. To better understand our readers, we need you to share your opinions on a variety of subjects, including your woodworking interests and activities, shopping patterns, and magazine readership. We hope you will take the time out of your busy schedule to answer our questions. Be assured that your responses will remain strictly confidential and used only in combination with others to form a statistical profile of our readers. Please complete this questionnaire as quickly as possible and return it to Best-Ever Furniture You Can Build, 6400 Jericho Turnpike, Syosset, NY 11791. The first...

Cell structure hardwoods

In some (temperate) species such as oak, ash, elm and sweet chestnut the largest pores are concentrated in the early wood. Such woods are said to be ring-porous they are inherently uneven-grained and therefore have a distinct growth-ring related figure. Ring porous structure results in uneven density and expectedly affects woodworking behaviour such as uneven resistance to abrasive paper and uneven retention of pigmented stains. Woods (maple, birch, lime, poplar etc.) whose pores are more uniform in size and evenly distributed across the growth ring are said to be diffuse-porous. Such woods may show inconspicuous figure, or figure may be associated with uneven pigmentation or density of fibre mass in the outer late wood. Most diffuse-porous woods of the temperate regions have relatively small diameter pores, but among tropical woods, some diffuse porous species (e.g. mahogany) have rather large pores. A third classification, semi-ring porous (also called semi-diffuse porous), refers...

Sixteenthcentury Oak Chest With Panel Of Earlier Date

Before dismissing the subject of these chests of elaborate kind but of questionable nationality, one example, now in Christchurch Museum at Ipswich, is illustrated in Fig. 20, together with another, which strongly resembles it, in Crediton Church, Devonshire, Figs. 21 and 22. The Ipswich chest has not been improved by the later plinth with the carved inscription above it. Both these chests areBof the Flamboyant Gothic of the close of the fifteenth or the commencement of the sixteenth centuries, and of French origin, but, possibly, from the provinces which had remained English, in ideas if not in actual fact, at this date. It cannot be suggested that these fine chests were either made in England or under English supervision, although the central panel of the Ipswich chest is carved with the English lion. This, however, is a later insertion, the coat being that of the town of Ipswich. Both examples are certainly not prior to 1500 in date, but at this period the Italian Renaissance was...

Introduction tV G M Ellwooo

Georgian Fireplace Overmantels Images

The reign of William and Mary, extending from 1689 to 1702, is notable for the great changes made in the design, material, and construction of furniture owing to the .ntroduction of foreign ideas by the Dutch craftsmen brought over by the King. In this minor art English craftsmen were compelled by the fashion to follow on similar lines, but the strong individuality of Sir Christopher Wren, who had already created a beautiful English Renaissance in architecture, developed, under the patronage of the King and Queen and great nobles, the essentially English style of interior decoration associated with the period. The walls of rooms were divicted into dado and filling, and cut up into large panels with wide bevels, simply moulded in many cases, but elaborately carved in the more mportant rooms. Architrave mouldings, cornice moulaings and friezes were all executed in oak and elaborately carved, so that the whole space trom floor to ceiling was generally treated with ornamental woodwork,...

Specific texts relating to tools and techniques

Goodman, W. (1976) The History of Woodworking Tools, David McKay reprints of Paris 1761-89 editions Salaman, R. (1989) A Dictionary of Woodworking Tools, Unwin Hyman Woodworking Machinery, Walders Press Stalker, J. and Parker, G. (1960) A Treatise of Japanning and Varnishing, Alec Tiranti reprint of 1668 edition Welsh, P.C. (1966) Woodworking Tools 1600-1900,

The Renaissance In England

Havernius Cleves

The joiner's work played a very important part in the interior decoration of the castles and country seats of this time, and the roofs were magnificently timbered with native oak, which was available in longer lengths than that of foreign growth. The Great Hall in Hampton Court Palace, which was built by Cardinal Wolsey and presented to his master, the halls of Oxford, and many other public buildings which remain to us, are examples of fine woodwork in the roofs. Oak panelling was largely used to line the walls of the great halls, the linen scroll pattern being a favorite form of ornament. This term describes a panel carved to represent a napkin folded in close convolutions, and appears to have been adopted from German work specimens of this can be seen at Hampton Court, and in old churches decorated in the early part of the sixteenth century. There is also some fine panelling of this date in King's College, Cambridge. There is a mirror frame at Goodrich Court of early Elizabethan...

The Renaissance in Italy

These dates give us a very fair idea of the time at which this important revolution in taste was taking place in Italy, at the end of the fifteenth and the commencement of the following century, and carved woodwork followed the new direction. The walls of these handsome saloons or galleries were hung with rich velvet of Genoese manufacture, with stamped and gilt leather, and a composition ornament was also applied to woodwork, and then gilded and painted this kind of decoration was termed gesso work.

Movement And Shrinkage

Tortrix Viridana Effects Wood

It is, therefore, vitally important that the woodworker should understand exactly what kind of structural material it is which ceaselessly moves in sympathy with its surroundings, and what precautions he can usefully adopt to minimize that movement. Surface protection with paint, polish or even metal coatings may conceivably delay the natural process but can never entirely arrest it and it is not generally realized that while age itself may exercise a certain restraining influence, no matter how old the wood may be, the innate tendencies will continue to persist throughout its effective life.

Creating Working Drawings

Soft Joint Working Drawings

For much of my woodworking Luckily, the type of equipment a woodworker needs to produce adequate working drawings is relatively simple and ine xpensive. Unless you do a lot of room-sized architectural millwork, a 2-ft. by 3-ft. board will provide plenty of space for rendering projects in a suitable scale.This board can be nothing more than a flat piece of plywood set on a desktop, but to make it more comfortable to work at, till up the back of the board 3 in. to 4 in. Adding a piece of drafting-board vinyl (available through most office-supply stores) smooths the drawing Unless you move on from woodworking to designing and building space shuttles, you won't need to learn more than the most basic drafting skills and conventions to pro duce quick, accurate and easy to read working drawings.The skills are mostly common sense Make sure your board is free of lead and eraser debris before taping paper to it. Align the bottom of the paper to the parallel rule, and then secure it to the board...

Repair for Fractured Bentwood

Creative Furniture Refurbishing

1 The arm is fastened to the chair seat by means of a bolt. The wood around the bolt has been fractured, which means the repair calls for some creative woodworking 1 The arm is fastened to the chair seat by means of a bolt. The wood around the bolt has been fractured, which means the repair calls for some creative woodworking

Make your projects match your vision

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Merle Adjustable Corner Clamp

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Classic American Furniture

THE ART OF WOODWORKING was produced by ST. REMY PRESS Jon Arno is a consultant, cabinetmaker, and freelance writer who lives in Troy, Michigan. He conducts seminars on wood identification and early American furniture design, and is the author of The Woodworkers Visual Handbook, published by Rodale Press. Mike Dunbar builds fine furniture at his workshop in Portsmouth, New Hampshire and offers Windsor chair making seminars across North America. He is a contributing editor of American Woodworker and author of Federal Furniture and Make A Windsor Chair With Michael Dunbar, both published by The Taunton Press. Classic American furniture, p. cm. (The Art of woodworking) Includes index. ISBN 0-8094-9542-2

American Countrycolonial

Secret Compartments Furniture Plans

Many of the elements of the comb-back Windsor chair shown above were riven and shaped from green wood. The chair was made by North Carolina woodworker Drew Langsner. Many of the elements of the comb-back Windsor chair shown above were riven and shaped from green wood. The chair was made by North Carolina woodworker Drew Langsner.

Walnut Twotier Sideboard

Fig. 79, again from Aldington, is unusual in treatment for this part of Kent, being more typical of Rye or Eastern Sussex, but this work may not be original to the Church. The oak panelling in the chapel, Fig. 80, shown in larger detail in Figs. 81 and 82, has certainly been transplanted from a secular source, probably local, as the treatment of tapered pilasters and arcading is in the manner of this part of Kent. This woodwork is not of high quality, and it is in a very decayed condition, many of the panels being almost powdered away with dry rot and worm. The chapel in which it is, is very dark, and gloom always favours the development of rot and the fostering of the larvae of the wood-beetle. A difficult question arises, as to whether these pulpits were inspired from the chests of their time, or whether the process was reversed. In the case of the very early examples there is little doubt that the pulpit is prior to the chest of which it is the type, but towards the close of the...

Oak Chest With Iron Strapwork

Oak Chest Iron

Niches bears the leopards of England on his shield, and others of the twelve show English inlluence, if not workmanship. Although the relations between the countries were more warlike than artistic, -Crecy was fought in 1346, the siege of Calais was in the following year, and the Battle of Poictiers was only nine years later, there must have been strong reacting influences between French and English craftsmen, even if the education was only fostered by a study of the pieces looted from each other by the combatants. In this connection, it is well to note that chests, containing valuables, would be just the articles of woodwork which would thus be the most likely to change hands in this way. The coffer-fronts, Figs. 13 and 14, exhibit this foreign influence, especially in the first of the two. Here we have a knight, in armour and on horseback, in pursuit, with poised lance, of a very small dragon which follows a lady in the most docile fashion. The lady holds a strap-lead which is...

Windsor Style Four Poster

Lincoln, NE Black & Decker Elu Power Tools, Towson, MD CMT Tools, Oldsmar, FL Delta International Machinery Porter-Cable, Guelph, Ont. Great Neck Saw Mfrs. Inc. (Buck Bros. Division), Millbury, MA Les Realisations Loeven-Morcel, Montreal, Que. Sears, Roebuck and Co., Chicago, IL Stanley Tools, Division of the Stanley Works, New Britain, CT Tool Trend Ltd., Concord, Ont. Vacuum Pressing Systems Inc., Brunswick, ME Wainbee Ltd., Pointe Claire, Que. DE-STA-CO, Troy, MI The Woodworker's Store, Rogers, MN Adjustable Clamp Co., Chicago, IL American Tool Cos., Lincoln, NE CMT Tools, Oldsmar, FL Delta International Machinery Porter-Cable, Guelph, Ont. Great Neck Saw Mfrs. Inc. (Buck Bros. Division), Millbury, MA Jean-Pierre Masse, Montreal, Que. Packard Woodworks, Tryon, NC Record Tools, Inc., Pickering, Qnt. Ryobi America Corp., Anderson, SC Sears, Roebuck and Co., Chicago, IL Stanley Tools, Division of the Stanley Works, New Britain, CT Woodcraft Supply Corp., Parkersburg, WV

Drafting Table for Shop or Home

Drafting Table For Shop Home

To solve that problem, I designed and built the prototype shown in the top photo on p. 73. After working out the bugs in the design, 1 realized that this would be a good beginner's project for the woodworking class. By the time the projects were finished, we had refitted the drafting room al the school, and the students were a lot more comfortable. The design for the top guarantees that it will be lightweight, dead flat, and strong. The outside skins ofX-in. plywood are glued to the narrow surfaces of an internal wood frame, and the considerable overall surface area makes a healthy bond. As with any face-to-face gluing ofwood, this construction process offers a lot of resistance to twisting forces, making the panel very rigid for its size and weight.

Tools and techniques

The use of machines in the conversion of raw material and the construction of furniture during the nineteenth century is a story of both important changes and minor developments. The development of machines such as circular saw planers, mortisers, borers, dovetail-cutters and veneer cutters for preparing and shaping timber was the most important change, which affected all woodworking industries, including particularly shipbuilding and house building. Machines for processing and shaping parts (bandsaws, fretsaws and lathes) were also being used in larger quantities, as was the third category of machines (embossers, moulders and carving machines), that produced decoration. Similar developments in the textile industry made soft furnishings more widely available.

Building Without Plans

Furniture Design Development Sketches

Making a standing screen presents a wonderful chance to explore the design aspect of woodworking. With its straight lines and straightforward joinery, a screen presents a minimum of construction challenges, opening the way for thoughts of design. The length of the project usually can be measured in days rather than in weeks, and that can reduce the pressure ofworking with your own design. Still, although i've chosen to illustrate the process of design by following the development of a standing screen, the techniques 1 outline in this article apply not just to screens but also to any type of furniture. Ifyou take the leap into designing your own work, 1 think you'll sec-it's a very rewarding process.

Frame and panel or frame and thin skin construction

Much of this method of construction is a legacy of the utility furniture of the 1940s and early 1950s, when wood was at a premium and components were whittled down to a bare minimum. The extremely thin veneered plywood skins and panels were designed to give the appearance of solid wood construction and a traditional feel. This method of construction,

Walnut Chairs from to

Charles Style Oak Armchair Cane

HE practice of lathe-turning columns or balusters is of ancient origin,, in England, as we have seen in earlier chapters. It has also been pointed out that turning was little used in Gothic woodwork, in its prime, and that the square, or diamond-sectioned and moulded baluster or mullion was employed, in preference, in chancel and other screens. It is revived, as a novelty, during the reign of Henry III and in the seventeenth century becomes the usual method of fashioning legs of chairs and tables or the baluster of cupboards. It is also used, with considerable effect, in the decoration of flat pilasters, in the fashion known as the split-baluster, or the boss, generically termed strap-and-jewel work.

Building the Mantel Stepby Step

Plinth Blocks Width Inch Trim

During the 19th century, pine was abundant and readily available, and carpenters used it for most interior trim, including fireplace mantels. So a meticulous reproduction would require large, wide boards of clear pine. However, the use of solid pine for this project would present problems (besides price) for the modern woodworker that 19th-century carpenters weren't concerned with. havoc with human comfort but spared furnishings and interior woodwork from drastic changes in temperature and humidity. In a modern ultra-insulated home, wood is subjected to extremes of temperature and relative humidity created by efficient central heating and air-conditioning. The use of wide, solid boards and true period construction methods in a modern home would probably cause unsightly checking and splitting. Miters would likely open up, and flat sections would cup. A better approach for today's woodworker would be to construct this mantel using lumbercore plywood instead of solid wood. I used 3 4-in....

Furniture Design The Four Objectives

The four goals arc function, comfort, durability, and beauty. Although these are all very fundamental to woodworking, they deserve to be explored from time to time. We all want people to notice our woodworking and to apprec iate the effon we invested 111 making it attractive. And we know intuitively that the things we make will survive us and be used by future generations. We want them to appreciate our work as well. 1 ook at some early issues of l ine Woodworking, and you'll notice the modernist furniture that was being made 27 years ago by some of the country's best known and Fine Woodworking magazine. most highly regarded woodworkers. Although the height offashion at the lime, today much of their furniture looks dated. Fine Woodworking magazine.

Laminate Tabletop Construction

There is a countertop style that's easily made and well within any woodworker's capabilities. The process involves attaching a wood edge trim to a panel, called the substrate, and covering the top with a high-pressure laminate. These laminates are made with decorative surface papers impregnated with melamine resins that are

Tools and techniques of conversion and construction

During the eighteenth century there were few developments in methods of construction or of the use of new tools. There were, however, some efforts made that were to assist developments in the long term. These early attempts included the 1761 Society of Art's Prize to Stansfield, for his sawmill design, and in 1793, Bentham's comprehensive patent for woodworking machinery. Developments such as lathe-turned screws which were being produced with slotted heads to fix handles, and Maudsley's construction of a sliding tool holder in 1797 which enabled screws to be made more easily, were aimed at woodworkers other than furniture-makers. Their influence was not to become important until the nineteenth century. Furniture historians are indebted to the design books of the eighteenth century not only for their designs, but also for general practical details of construction. The works of Plumier, Diderot, Roubo and Bimont are invaluable for their extremely detailed accounts and illustrations of...

XjRttMfHBBBflEI her tavern but these as Falstaff suggests

Fig. 289, above the door, the escutcheon, as in Fig. 285, is here impaled with another, probably to indicate a marriage, in which case the added coat would be. that of the husband. There is, possibly, a good deal of significance in the designing of this panel, but without an authenticated history of the woodwork, the meaning of the devices, such as the knotted rope, repeated again here, must remain obscure.

The Seventeenth Century

The task of tracing, identifying, arranging in chronological order, and placing on record the scattered fragments now available of the history of such English furniture and woodwork as was designed and manufactured prior to the commencement of the seventeenth century, is, for many reasons, beset with difficulties indeed, it is greatly to be feared that the story, in absolute entirety, will never be told, for the requisite material upon which to base it is no longer available. In the first place, the cabinet makers of the earlier times did not cultivate the practice of publishing design books, or illustrated sheets if they did, none has survived to tell the tale. Later on, when we arrive at the Chippendale period, all is delightfully plain sailing for the historian, but when dealing with work of an earlier date we have to grope about, so to speak, in greater or less obscurity piecing together as well as may be fragments of the story gathered here and there, so far as circum-I stances...

Furniture Repair Nails

Note that in pieces made before 1895, square nails often were used, usually to reinforce glued joints or parts glued together. When restoring these pieces, reuse these nails just as they were used originally, They confirm the antiquity of the piece. If the nails have been lost or are not fit for reuse, you can buy replicas at woodworking specialty shops to replace them. If you choose not to replace them, do not use modern nails in the joint. Instead, use dowels and glue. More and more staples are showing up in furniture. They are commonly used to hold backs on dressers and chests, and to hold drawer bottoms in place. In cheap furniture, staples may be used to fasten joints, replacing glue. It is best not to use them in woodworking. They are ideal for use as replacement for tacks in upholstery work. Tacks come in three standard types upholstery, webbing, and gimp. The upholstery tack is the commonest. Webbing tacks have barbs on their shanks to give greater holding power. Gimp tacks...

Hawk Precision Scroll

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Construction And Upholstery Of Chairs

If it is desirable to make the seat so that none of the woodwork shall show, no difference occurs until the cover is put on, when instead of fastening it, as illustrated, just above the lower edge of the frame, it is brought down over the frame and tacked to the under side. In such work cotton wadding is placed between the frame and the cover that the wood may not be felt, if the hand is in contact with the lower part of the seat. Over stuffed articles have no woodwork, except the legs, showing and they sometimes seem too light for the mass above, though really they may be more than strong enough. If fringe is hung from the lower edge of the upholstery to the floor the feet are hidden and the general mass is apparently resting on the floor, the fringe serving to carry the color and lines to that level. The length of the fringe may be about one-half the height of the seat. The best taste admits of only simple fringes free from small drapings, skirts, or elaborate nettings that soon...

Metric Conversion Chart

Build Your Own Home Office Furniture. Copyright i> 200l by Danny Proulx. Manufactured in China. All rights reserved. No part of litis bonk may he reproduced in any I'orm or by any electronic or mechanical means including information storage and retrieval systems without permission in wilting horn the publisher, except by a reviewer, who may quote brief passages in a review. Published by Popular Woodworking Books, an imprinl of P& W Publications, Inc., 1507 Dana Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio, -15207. First edition. Visit our Web site at wu lor information and more resources for woodworkers. Other fine Popular Woodworking Books are available from your local bookstore or direct from the publisher

Surface decoration and finish

To satisfy the demand for carving, particularly in the Gothic style, machine carving, which had been known to sculptors previously, was applied to architectural woodwork. It was soon used to make carvings suitable for furniture. The most successful of three major companies was the Jordan process, which allowed the model to be copied by moving the material towards a fixed cutting tool.

An Introduction to Outdoor Furniture

I f you've ever made a picnic table or a planter, you know that the art of making outdoor furniture is unique, different from any other type of woodworking. The methods and tec hniques are a careful blend of cabinetry and carpentry a finished outdoor furniture project looks like a piece of furniture, but it's built like a house. Water tends to collect wherever two pieces of wood join together. Consequently, outdoor furniture hits as few joints as possible, and those joints are usually very simple butt joints, lap joints, maybe an open mortise and tenon. This decreases the surface area of any board that is in direct contact with other boards. In other types of woodworking, the purpose of joinery is to increase the board-to-board surface area, so that you get a stronger glue bond. allow the wood to swell in wet weather, and to let it dry out when the rain stops. Again, this is in direct contrast to other forms of woodworking, where a sloppy joint will be a weak joint because the glue...

Notes on the Materials

Shaped Industrial Boiler

The coffee table shown here is constructed from laminated 1x4 oak boards, but you can also use pine. Most building-supply stores sell sections of wood that have already been laminated. Of course, you can laminate the boards yourself, but I don't recommend it unless you are a very experienced woodworker and possess heavy-duty tools. Due For the legs, we can again circumvent the need for experienced woodworking skills. If you do not have a lathe (or don't want to turn your own legs), simply purchase

Production Quality Carbide Tipped Router Bits

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[Building A Crosscutting Sled

There are a number of options and safety features that can be added to your crossculling sled. One woodworker painted the blade guard board red as a reminder ol the danger zone near the blade. Some have Installed Plexiglas guards above the saw blade path, and a few others have built a small enclosed box on the back of the sled where the blade is exposed when the cut is complete.

The Renaissance In France

The character of the woodwork naturally accompanied the design of the building. Fireplaces, which until the end of the fifteenth century had been of stone, were now made of oak, richly carved and ornamented with the armorial bearings of the seigneur. The Prie dieu chair, which Viollet le Due tells us came into use in the fifteenth century, was now made larger and more ornate, in some cases becoming what might almost be termed a small oratory, the back being carved in the form of an altar, and the utmost care lavished on the work. It must be remembered that in France, until the end of the fifteenth century, there were no benches or seats in the churches, and, therefore, prayers were said by the aristocracy in the private chapel of the chateau, and by the middle classes in the chief room of the house.

Identifying Joint Types

Clip Art Picture Piece Wood

The eight basic woodworking joints are detailed below. There are variations on all of these, but once you can identify the eight, the variations will be evident, incidentally. because some types listed are quite similar, some woodworkers class them as one type. Also, some woodworkers classify certain variations as specific types in their own right. The mitered joint, for instance, is often called a basic type. So if you read other books, the number of basic joint types may vary. Don't be confused. While classifications may differ, the names and the way in which the joints are made remain the same.

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Klingspor's Woodworking Shop Connecticut Valley School of Woodworking of Architectural Woodworking Old English Academy of Fine Woodworking Eagle Woodworking Fine School of Woodworking Woodcraft Highland Woodworking Woodworkers Source Inside Passage School of Woodworking


Although there are many different types of nails (common, large flat-head, duplex head, oval head, etc.), the one most commonly used in woodworking is a finishing nail. It has a much smaller head than the common nail, making it easy to recess below the surface of the wood (countersinking the nail). The small hole remaining on the surface is easily concealed with wood filler.

General Note

It must always be remembered that woodworking machines, with their constantly varying loads as the cutters strike the hard and soft grain of wood, are gluttons for power, and that portable tools usually rely more on speed than power output or torque for their performance. They should, therefore, never be expected to undertake the heavier tasks which should rightly be given to the large fixed machines. Manufacturers give full and precise instructions and some issue their own handbooks on the techniques to be employed. They are also concerned to make their portable tools as safe as possible, but it is the rough usage to which the tools are often subjected which constitutes the


Rapid developments in woodworking-machine techniques have evolved distinctive jointing procedures which are often as good as, and in some instances superior to, the traditional handcut joints they have replaced. An outstanding exception, however, is the dovetail, for here the handmade joint still equals and in some respects surpasses the machine-made copy. Nevertheless, even the machine joint with all its compromises dictated by the simple mechanics of power-operated tools is still a very good joint indeed, with ample reserves of strength. In short, the dovetail, whether hand- or machine-cut, is still the best method of jointing two pieces of wood together in their width and at right angles to each other.


Plywoods and particle boards, etc., also knife-blades for leather, latex foam and fibrous materials. As a woodworking-saw it is extremely useful for internal straight-line or contour cutting. The rate of cut is fairly slow, but the saw can be operated with one hand only, is easy to guide and can be used for bevel cuts up to 45 .

Side Apron System

I like to tell my woodworking students that there's a Shaker nightstand hidden in every table with drawers. I may be overstating my case, but only by a bit. At North Bennet Street School, we teach strategy. Our largely traditional approach to building tables with drawers isn't the only approach, but it's almost endlessly adaptable once you understand it, you can apply it to Chippendale writing desks, Pembroke tables, contemporary tables, whatever you like. A single, sound approach is liberating It leaves room for good design and good workmanship while eliminating the need for mock-ups, prototypes, and reinventing the wheel.

Collecting Old Tools

Anyone interested in antique woodworking tools, whether for their antique value, for actual use in the shop, or just to learn more about the history of antique woodworking tools will find this newsletter very helpful. For more information about using PEG, including how to make a heated vat, time schedules, and sources, I'd suggest obtaining a copy of Working Green Wood With PEG, by Patrick Spielman, 9.25. (One source is Woodcraft Supply, 41 Atlantic Ave., Wobum, MA 01888.)

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Wood Working 101

Wood Working 101

Have you ever wanted to begin woodworking at home? Woodworking can be a fun, yet dangerous experience if not performed properly. In The Art of Woodworking Beginners Guide, we will show you how to choose everything from saws to hand tools and how to use them properly to avoid ending up in the ER.

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