Style In Furniture

strongly the growing influence of the " Dutch/' and so may be accepted as a good starting-point for our study of individual examples of the style.

One of the first features that it is desirable to regard carefully, before deciding the question whether any chair is to be classed under this particular heading, is the leg; for by the introduction of the "Queen-Anne"—I must employ that title, as it has for so long met with general acceptance—the form of that structural detail was entirely changed from that which it had previously taken. Formerly, as I have pointed out, the chair-seat was, as a rule, supported by perfectly upright members, either turned, "square," or otherwise rectangular in plan—a rule, the following of which helped to give a distinctive character to the " Jacobean " type; but at the period at which we have now arrived, that rule obtained no longer. The interpreters of the new style would have none of it, but substituted a shaped member which was then, as now, designated the "cabriole." Of these there are many slight variations in form, but all resemble one another very closely in the essential particular, the differences subsisting simply in the degree of subtlety on the one hand, or boldness on the other, of the shaping. That presented in Fig. 4, Plate I., may be regarded as a standard, and thoroughly characteristic, model. To trace the "cabriole" back to its earliest origin, which, in the opinion of some, is to be found in the animal leg and claw of the "Classic," is a lengthy task which need not be undertaken here; neither is it necessary for us to go deeply into the philological derivations of the name; but I may point out that, just as we appropriated the form from the " Flemish " or " Dutch," so the originators of those groups of styles, in their turn, were indebted for it to the French. By way of illustrating this point, I have introduced Fig. 7, Plate I., a " Louis-Quatorze" model, in the legs of which may be noted one of the earlier developments of the "cabriole," which certainly grew in grace

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Fig. i.

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