Style In Furniture

hand, is in all respects a more complete and coherent piece of " carcase work/1 and is characterised throughout by a greater degree of homogeneity. On examining the accompanying types it will be remarked that the former, with exceptions so rare as to be practically non-existent, is always quite open at the lower part (see Fig. 4, Plate II., and Fig. 4, Plate III., "Elizabethan"). It is supported in the same manner as were the tables of the period, by sturdy turned legs, more or less decorated; while the lower part of the " Bread-and-Cheese" cupboard is invariably closed in— is, indeed, actually a cupboard—almost to the floor, from which it is raised, generally some six or nine inches, by spheres (see Fig. 5, Plate III.), "cushions" (see Fig. 4, Plate II.), or sometimes simple blocks, of wood, or else by extensions of the end framing (see Fig. 2, Plate III., "Elizabethan"). This last arrangement was more generally adopted in cupboards of the cheaper class.

The form represented by Fig. 5, Plate III., in which the upper cupboards stand back some nine or twelve inches from the line of the front, and are surmounted by a top or " canopy " supported at the front corners by turned pillars, is a very common and typical one; indeed, as will be apparent, nearly all the others are merely variations of it. The upper part of Fig. 3, Plate III., "Elizabethan," bears a closer resemblance to that of the "Court Cupboard," but the rest of the structure distinguishes it as belonging to a period later than that in which the " Court" form predominated. Of the date of the carving in the three upper panels I have my doubts; it seems to be almost too delicate and refined for the period, but the piece itself is genuine enough. It is, unfortunately, a very common thing for old chests and cupboards of this period, which in the first place were almost, if not wholly, devoid of ornamentation of any kind, to have been " carved-up" in later years; so that oftentimes only the expert eye and fingers can discover which is really old




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and which is new. But "the public will have carving," says the dealer ; so " the vandal gouge of the wood-butcher " is set in operation, and old pieces, whose beauty rested in their very plainness and simplicity, are hacked about so far as considerations of price will allow, and when finished are regarded as "a lot for the money." So, indeed, they are; a very bad lot!

"Jacobean" " Bread-and-Cheese" Cupboard

We have discussed " JacobeanM ornamentation at such length that little remains to be said with regard to the decorative detail of these old cupboards ; the carving in all of them illustrates the remarks I have already made, and which, 1 think. were exhaustive, with reference to that element in furniture of the Stuart age.

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