j ing Figs. 3, 4, 5, and 8, Plate II., as early "Chippendale," for they are unmistakably in that style, though they are not from the pencil of that designer. Fig. 7 I should prefer to regard rather as early or inexpensive " Heppelwhite," if a definite name must be attached to it. Fig. 9 is a rather curious and unusual study, for, while the greater part is "Chippendale," the graceful interlaced "splat" might have been the idea of either Heppelwhite or Sheraton, or of one of their followers. Fig. 1, Plate III., also has the "Heppelwhite " feeling, while I need not say at this stage that Fig. 2 may be definitely and without fear of dispute classified under that heading. Fig. 3 is an exceptional example, of which it is impossible now to obtain the history; but it was evidently specially designed and made for some ceremonial purpose, and dates from about 1770 or 1780, as indicated by the tapered legs and form of the arms. With Fig. 4, and all the types on Plate IV., we come to clearly defined "Chippendale" again, though they are not taken from "The Gentleman's and Cabinet Maker's Director." In Fig. 4 particularly we have a fine example of the clustered turned legs, to which I have previously referred as a characteristic of "Chippendale."
For permission to illustrate the fine old cylinder-fall "secretary" shown overleaf, I am indebted to my brother, Mr. Julius Benn, from whose collection also comes the wall-mirror pictured on Plate II., " Jacobean." This " secretary" was probably made about the middle of the century; while the chair standing by it is, of course, early "Chippendale."
Should an objection be raised on the part of anyone to the description by the names "Chippendale," " Heppelwhite," or " Sheraton " of pieces which do not appear in the published works of the founders of those styles, or whose origin cannot be traced directly to them, the difficulty may easily be surmounted by employing the terms "Early Georgeian" or
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