Jacobean

period. This is one of the most commonplace " Jacobean " examples of the whole selection, though the smaller chest, with its quatrefoil panels, shown in Fig. 3, Plate III., in the chapter on " Elizabethan/' is more ordinary still.

With reference to carved detail which is entirely characteristic of this style, and which appears and reappears with uninterrupted regularity in much of the cabinet work belonging to it, I must advise the reader to make special note of that in the frieze, or band, above the three panels in Fig. 4, Plate III., as it recurs very frequently. Note should also be made of the crescent-shaped incisions with which the end rails or posts of the framing are relieved, and which were constantly in requisition in the execution of work of the commoner class. The simple groove, or "flute/' also (as in Fig. 4), was a stock detail; while the succession of circles— the " Jacobean" guilloche, already referred to earlier in the book—in the " Bread-and-Cheese99 cupboard, Fig. 5, Plate III., and in Figs. 2 and 6, Plate IV., is perhaps the most absolutely typical of all. This last was sometimes, indeed very frequently, varied by the alternation of squares, or other rectangular figures, with the circles, as in the chest, Fig. 3, Plate III., in the last chapter; and in the upper part of the back of the arm-chair, Fig. 1, Plate III., given here. Both squares and circles were generally outlined by a thin "fillet," or narrow band, crossing under and over itself, which gives an appearance of continuity to the whole,and binds the constituent items of the design together as it were. These rectangular and circular forms, again, were sometimes quite plain, and devoid of any further elaboration; but more frequently they were filled with rosettes and leafage, as in the examples referred to. As regards unmistakably typical detail, the repetition of semi-circles, sometimes carved to resemble shells, and sometimes filled with leafage, is another safe "landmark." It constituted a "running" enrichment both bold and effective, as may be gathered from Fig. 6, Plate II.,

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