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with art in commercial affairs; but, regarded from the purely artistic point of view, it is, to put it mildly, unattractive in every sense of the word. Though tolerated, nay, even heartily welcome in the office, where we do not usually expect to find beauty—though why we should not I am unable to say— its presence in any well-furnished library, study, or " den " jars very considerably upon the sensibilities, and makes us long sincerely for the substitution of some such "secretary bookcase " as those which these cabinet makers of the old times revelled in designing.

Figure 5 is a bookcase, or " library-case " as they were styled in those days. Like nearly all other cabinet work of this period, these were made in mahogany, but a variation was occasionally introduced in the tracery of the doors. This was usually of the same wood as that of the main body, or "carcase," of the article, though occasionally, as in Fig. 5, it was carried out in metal—preferably brass—" which," says Heppelwhite, "painted of a light colour, or gilt, will produce a light, pleasing effect." In "library-cases" of this precise type, it appears, at a first glance, as though no accommodation for writing was to be looked for in the scheme ; and any one might easily, and quite naturally, put them down as bookcases pure and simple. But on pulling out the centre drawer, or " secretary-drawer " as it was termed, ample writing surface, pigeon-holes, ink-wells, small drawers, and all manner of other conveniences were revealed; while beneath were shelves and larger drawers of more than average dimensions for portfolios, papers, books, etc.

Referring specially to the enrichment of glazed doors by the

introduction of wood, or metal, tracery, a plan greatly favoured by our late eighteenth-century cabinet makers, Heppelwhite points out: " The patterns may be greatly varied." He illustrates the truth of this contention by presenting a large number of designs for them, a selection of the most typical of which is shown at the bottom of the plate at present

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