To remove the waste from the tenon cheeks, secure a miter box in the vise, then set the rail on the base of the box, aligning the shoulder line with the 90° slot. Tighten the clamps in the box to hold the rail in position. Slip the backsaw blade into the slot and cut along the shoulder line on the face of the board, stopping when you reach the kerf you cut in step 1
(above, left)-, turn over the stock and repeat the operation on the other side. To cut away the waste on the edges of the tenon, secure the the rail upright in the vise and saw to the shoulder line on both edges of the rail. Finally, clamp the rail edge up and cut through the shoulder line on both edges of the rail (above, right).
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