Practical Helps

  1. Find a use for a design before it is made. Usually this will be manifest when there is a need felt for the thing to be designed. The need comes first. The use naturally follows and determines some important and governing factors. For example, there will be some definite requirements of size—length, breadth or thickness as, for example, the height of a table or the depth of a chair. The place to be occupied by the piece of furniture, if not its use, may determine some of these dimensions—probably not all, however. Example: a wall cabinet or a screen. Those not thus determined may be considered indefinite, such as the size of drawers, doors, etc., and should become definite milv when the best adaptation of the principles heretofore mentioned is made.
  2. The material of construction to be used in a design is a second consideration. It map determined by the use to be made of ihi- object.

or the place it is to occupy, mentioned in 1. Not always will this be the case, however. A good suggestion is: Employ the material or materials which are best adapted to the use or which will harmonize wTith or correspond to material in other objects with which the one under consideration will be associated. A jardiniere stand or an umbrella rack, for example, may be more appropriately made of metal than of wood. Again, if wood is the material selected the kind must be chosen with care and with reference to its use or the place where the finished object will be used. A close-grained, hard wood may be needed for strength or because it will appear with it» associates to better advantage than an open-grained soft wood,

3, Cpoftmetian is thought of immediately following the selection of material. This is always ,m Important factor in a design. It may be so for Qfif ot Ipo reasons: 1st, scause it il

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