Step One First Strand Back To Front

You have marked the center holes at the back and front with pegs. Take a strand of cane from the water, remove the clothes pin, and run the strand between your fingers to remove excess water. At the same time, note the "direction" of the cane. You will find that the eyes on the strand face in one direction. This is hard to sec, but when the cane is pulled through during the weaving process, the eyes will snag a little if they face toward the end you are pulling, and will not snag if they face away from that end. The caning is easier if you have identified the direction of the eyes and start each strand with the eyes facing away from the direction of pull.

Also, cane strands have a shiny and dull side. They should be woven with the shiny side facing up. Always check to see which is the shiny side before starting a strand.

If you have one center peg at the back, remove the peg and insert one end of the first strand in the hole so that it extends down below the hole about 4 inches, if you have two center holes, begin with the left hole. Re-insert the peg to hold the strand in place.

Run the first strand of cane from the back to the front of the seal, secure the strand in place with pegs. It should be strung a little on the loose side. The glossy side of the cane should face upward After going through the center hole at the front, the cane is run up through the next hole to the left and strung to the back rail

At the back, push the strand of cane down through the second hole and then bring it up through the third. Continue this procedure from hole to hole to the left of Ihe center peg When you have used most of the first strand, anchor the end with a peg. Make sure enough extends below the seat to allow tying off later

This is as far as (he first strand went. Test the tension by laying your palm on the woven strands. Under slight pressure, the cane should sink about %-inch. This will tighten up as you weave and as the wet cane dries.

Having completed [he lirsl strands on the lefl side, we move to the right, laying ihe cane in Ihe same manner.

Continue this laying of the cane from front to back, always moving one hole to the left, until you get to the end of this strand, at which time you will have five, six or more strands across the seat. When you come to the end of the first strand, just make sure that at least 4 inches is below the hole. This is needed for tying off later. Insert a peg to hold this end of the strand in place.

Now get another strand of cane from the bucket. Insert its end into the hole next to the one where the last strand finished. Continue working to the left, hole by hole, until strands extend from each hole across the left side of the back rail.

If the seat is square or perfectly rectangular, you are now ready to go back to the center, and lay the cane to the right of the center peg, using the procedure just described. If the seat is splayed, however, you will note that there is some space at the side caused by the curvature of the side rail of the chair, as show n. To take carc of this, you lay the next strand from one of the side holes in front of the back rail to the appropriate hole in the front rail.

The side hole used will depend on the curvature of the particular chair. The easiest way to determine it is to insert a strand in the front hole and run it toward the back, keeping it parallel with the last strand you put down. The hole it touches in the back of the side rail is the one to use. Your objective is to make all strands parallel to each other and the same distance apart. It generally is best to use a separate strand for the side holes, rather than running the strand from the back holes to them.

You may need two or even three side strands, again depending on the shape of the seal.

Once the side strands on the left have been placed, you can return to the center peg and lay the strands to the right of it. The side strands on the right side are handled just the same as those Oil the left.

As you lay these back-to-front strands, you should test the tension occasionally. As mentioned, the strands should not be tight. After eight or nine are in place, lay the palm of your hand across them, you should be able to press down lightly and note a sag of about Va inch. This may seem loose to you now, but as you continue weaving, the seat will tighten. If you make it too tight now, it will be difficult to weave later.

Pull the strand toward the front. Remove the front center peg and insert the strand in the hole. Check to see that the shiny side of the cane is facing up. Draw the entire strand through the hole; then reinsert the peg. The cane should not be drawn tight, but should be slightly slack.

Now. at the front, move to the hole to the left of the one with the peg and carte in it. Peed the end of the cane up through this hole and toward the back of the seal. There, insert it into the hole to the left of the hole with the peg and cane in it. Pull the cane down through this hole until the second strand across the seat is at about the same tension as the first.

The shield shape of this seat has made it necessary to weave shorter strands at the lefl and right sides When you must use strands that start along the side rather than a! the back, employ the side holes that will keep the slrands parallel with those already in ptace. In this case, the fourth hole from the back along each sice proved to be the right one Also when nserting short strands, use a separate strand rather than continuing the longer strands

Having completed [he lirsl strands on the lefl side, we move to the right, laying ihe cane in Ihe same manner.

In Step Two of the caning process, lay in the first horizontal or side-to-side strands, starting at the back and working forward Use the same technique of going into one hole and coming up through the one next to it that you used on the front-to-back strands


Begin at the back holes. Insert a strand of cane in the back left hand hole; peg it in place. Then lay the strand across the top of the vertical strands and insert the end in the back hole on the right side. Always remember to check to see that the cane is laid with the shiny side up.

Move to the second hole from the back on the right side. Insert the cane up from the bottom into this hole, pull it through, and run it across the seat to the right side. Continue this procedure until you have laid in all of the horizontal or side-to-side strands. You should now have a perfect grid of back-to-front and side-to-side strands in place on the seat.

In Step Two of the caning process, lay in the first horizontal or side-to-side strands, starting at the back and working forward Use the same technique of going into one hole and coming up through the one next to it that you used on the front-to-back strands

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Wood Working for Amateur Craftsman

Wood Working for Amateur Craftsman

THIS book is one of the series of Handbooks on industrial subjects being published by the Popular Mechanics Company. Like Popular Mechanics Magazine, and like the other books in this series, it is written so you can understand it. The purpose of Popular Mechanics Handbooks is to supply a growing demand for high-class, up-to-date and accurate text-books, suitable for home study as well as for class use, on all mechanical subjects. The textand illustrations, in each instance, have been prepared expressly for this series by well known experts, and revised by the editor of Popular Mechanics.

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