Making Dowels

You can make your own dowels by buying a hardwood dowel rod of the right diameter at your home center, and cutting off dowels of the needed length. However, a dowel fits very snugly into the hole you drilled for it. So snugly, in fact, that as the dowel goes in, it may force glue to fill the bottom of the hole. The resulting hydraulic pressure can prevent the entry of the dowel.

To remedy this, put your newly made dowel in a vise and use the hacksaw to cut one or two slots, l/\t> inch deep, in the dowel's side. The slots allow the excess glue to exit from the bottom of the hole as the dowel goes in. Finish making the dowel by sanding the ends to round them slightly for easier entry.

Another method for ahgnmg dowel holes is the use of dowel centers small metal pieces with sharp points on one end You can buy these in sets of different sizes

To make your own dowels, purchase hardwood doweling oi the diameter you need Clamp the doweling and cut off dowels of the length desired

Glue must be able to escape as the dowel is inserted Into its hole, so cut one or more saw slots in the side of each dowel for this purpose Then sand the ends round.

To make your own dowels, purchase hardwood doweling oi the diameter you need Clamp the doweling and cut off dowels of the length desired

Glue must be able to escape as the dowel is inserted Into its hole, so cut one or more saw slots in the side of each dowel for this purpose Then sand the ends round.

To use dowel centers, first dri i dowel holes in one workpiece. Then insert the dowel centers in these holes, as shown here

Use a rubber mallet to tap the two pieces together The sharp points will mark the opposite piece Center your drill bit exactly on the pinpoint mark or the dowels will not lit exactly

A picture frame clamp can aid in both construction and restoration projects The exact corners and interior bracing assure perfect 45° comers every time

To cut an accurate mitered corner, you must use a miter box Be sure the piece is aligned with the correct miter slot.

with white glue

Chamler ends

Dowel

SECURING MITERED CORNERS

To cut an accurate mitered corner, you must use a miter box Be sure the piece is aligned with the correct miter slot.

A picture frame clamp can aid in both construction and restoration projects The exact corners and interior bracing assure perfect 45° comers every time

Corner block. ^

Cord

Glue the entire piece. To clamp use a web strap or clothesline Protect the piece at the corners. The diagonal measurements will be the same ii ihe piece is square

A spline in a groove can also reinforce a corner. In a vise, support the piece with a complementary guide block as you cut the groove with a router

Small brads will strengthen the joint. Hold the work in a vise so the nailing doesn't shift Ihe comer out of square.

If you plan to dowel Ihe corner mark the positions on one piece with small brads. Press the piece against its mate to pick up an impression of the position.

Drill the holes carefully Cover the dowels with glue The chamfered end allows easy insertion. The groove provides an escape route for any glue trgpped below (he dowel

Sometimes a strip ot veneer inserted in a Slot cut perpendicular to the corner is used to secure the corner Plane ofl Ihe excess from the corner inward

Dowel with white glue

Chamler ends

Framing Vise

Framing Vise

SANDPAPER If you expect to gel AND SANDING truly fine finishes on TOOLS your furniture, you must learn to sand, which is easy and quick to do once you understand what furniture sanding is all about. The only roadblock is the preconceived notion most people have acquired about sanding. They think of it as a removal process. They sand to remove old finishing materials, or to remove rough wood after sawing, or to remove rust.

Wood Working for Amateur Craftsman

Wood Working for Amateur Craftsman

THIS book is one of the series of Handbooks on industrial subjects being published by the Popular Mechanics Company. Like Popular Mechanics Magazine, and like the other books in this series, it is written so you can understand it. The purpose of Popular Mechanics Handbooks is to supply a growing demand for high-class, up-to-date and accurate text-books, suitable for home study as well as for class use, on all mechanical subjects. The textand illustrations, in each instance, have been prepared expressly for this series by well known experts, and revised by the editor of Popular Mechanics.

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