Application Procedures

As always, read the labels before using. There are minor differences between brands. Follow the specific instructions on the label to get the best results.

Step 1: The First Coat You don't brush or spray on a penetrating resin. You mop it on and keep the surface wet for perhaps half an hour (or more, depending on the brand) while the penetration of the resin takes place. Watch for spots where the resin has soaked in and apply more to these areas. When all the soaking and penetrating has taken place, wipe the surface clean with rags. Rub the surface down thoroughly, because any excess left on the surface will later produce a shine you won't like.

Step 2: The Second Coat About three hours after this rubdown, apply a second coat in the same manner as the first, allowing the surface to stand for the required soaking time and then rubbing it down thoroughly with old rags. Allow the resin to dry and set as directed on the can. Finish the job by applying two coats of good paste wax.

HOW TO APPLY The tung nut origi-A TUNG OIL nated in China, but FINISH now there are tung nut groves in the southern United States. Oil from this nut is a penetrating oil that builds up on the wood during repeated applications to a glossy finish. The tung finish is durable and good looking. There are at least two furniture finishing systems on the market built around tung oil — Hope's and Formby's.

These systems use a re finishing mixture that, when applied with fine-grade steel wool, removes the old finish without taking away the stain beneath it. Then you rub the tung oil into the finish with your bare hands. The heat of your hands helps the wood to absorb the oil. You should cover all surfaces of the furniture, including backs and undersides, to seal the wood against moisture.

The tung oil in these systems is not pure oil. but is a mixture designed to give good results. For this reason, you must follow cach maker's instructions to the letter. Observe the instructions for the number of coats, time between coats, and drying times.

These systems are very easy to use, and require much less work than other refin-ishing methods. You aren't likely to err as you work and the results arc excellent.

The same systems can be applied to wood that has been stripped naked. In this case, use the stains in the system to restore the wood's color before applying the oil,

APPLYING THE The wax finish OLD FASHIONED isn't seen much any WAX FINISH more, but it is an interesting way to treat wood, and you may need to know about it if you are restoring a piece that originally had a wax finish.

Actually, this method is not a finish in itself, but a coating applied to a shellac finish. See the section on shellac for instructions on how to apply a shellac finish. Then apply two coats of fine paste wax, buffing each one thoroughly with the buffing pad in your electric drill. To renew the finish from time to time, apply another coat of wax.

Over a long period of time the surface will develop a pretty good wax buildup. Then it is time to get out the wax remover, take off all the old wax, and start over, A wax finish is rich looking, but because it is laid over shellac, it doesn't resist scratching and surface wear very well.

Now the wax is buffed to a high shine with a lamb's wool buffer in the electric drill.

A good paste wax makes an excellent last step - though some experts tell you to avoid any wax and use only a lemon oil polish We like the wax. Here a liquified carnauba wax is applied to the just-completec caned rocker

Applying a Hand-rubbed Oil Finish / How to Apply a Shellac finish 121

APPLYING A Furniture people HAND-RUBBED speak in reverent OIL FINISH tones of hand-

rubbed oil finishes. The classic hand-rubbed oil finish has warm, soft depth and is regarded as exquisite bv antique buyers. However, once you have bought a piece of furniture with this type of finish, you discover the other side of the coin. The oil finish collects dust like a magnet and requires regular carc to maintain its appearance, So, for the furniture restorer, the question is: do you want the undeniable beauty of an oil finish — along with the effort of maintaining if? If you really want a genuine oil finish, here is how to apply it.

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