Main Legs

1 To prepare the timber saw it to approximately '/i6in (2mm) larger than the final size. Plane one of the wide sides flat, using a straight-edge laid across it to check for flatness as the planing progresses and adjusting as required. Plane one of the short edges smooth and use a try square to check that it is at 90° to the first side. Mark these two sides to indicate that they are square to each other. Plane the other short edge flat and, again, check it for flatness and also to ensure that the width - 5in (127mm) - is correct along its entire length. As the design requires a thickness of l'/sin (27mm), set a marking gauge to this size and scribe along both edges, so that when the final wide side is planed flat the marks can be used as an aid to making the piece the correct thickness.

From these planed sections, cut the supports to the correct length. Cut twin tenons into both ends of the supports following the procedure on pages 22 and 23.

2 To make the caps and the stands at either end of the supports, again prepare the parts from sawn stock. Cut the pieces to width and length. Form the sloping shoulders with a saw and then plane them smooth. Form a recess on the underside of each stand. Mark the radius at the ends of this recess, using a 2p piece to get the correct curvature, and then cut out with a band saw. To smooth this small radius, use a '^in (12mm) round file and then some glasspaper wrapped around a ^>in (12mm) dowel rod. Make the twin mortises in the caps and stands and test the joints for fit. Glue the caps to the supports.

FIG 7.3

Dimensions for main legs assembly.

FIG 7.4

Main legs assembly construction.

FIG 7.4

Main legs assembly construction.

3 Cut screw slots in the top caps so that the table top can be secured to the legs. The slots will allow for expansion or shrinkage of the table top across the grain and prevent any movement splitting the wood. To make a screw slot, first cut a flat recess ^in (12mm) wide in the sloping shoulder of the top with a bevel-edged chisel (see Fig 7.5). This will both conceal the domed screw head and make a flat base for it. Make a screw slot about h x !/4in (13 x 6mm) by drilling three holes along its length and using a small, bevel-edged chisel and small, flat file to join the

Small recess for piano hinge.

Screw slots allow for any movement across the grain of the table top and prevent splitting.

Small recess for piano hinge.

Flat recess conceals the screw head and provides a flat base for it.

FIG 7.6

Recesses and slots for screws in the main leg caps.

holes together (see Fig 7.6). On the top of the caps at the ends, cut small rebates that will allow clearance for the piano hinges when the table top is fitted on to the supports.

4 Shape the sides of the two supports by cutting out a decorative recess with rounded corners. The radii at the ends of these recesses are made in the same way as those on the undersides of the stands.

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