Bed headboard

DEGREE OF DIFFICULTY easy medium TIME TO MAKE 30 hours This bed headboard made in pine will complement the bedroom furniture featured in the other chapters. It is intended for fitting to a bed that is pushed up against a wall, so that the headboard will be supported if leant against. Most beds have bolts built into them at the time of manufacture, which are for fitting a headboard. This one is designed to fix to a bed with four screws low down on the back of the bed. Because these bolts are not...

Assembly And Finishing

1 Unless you can obtain the exact size, cut down two 36in (914mm) piano hinges to 32in (813mm) and fit them into place, connecting the two flaps to the centre section to make a complete top. 2 Lay the top on the floor upside down and place the leg assemblies on it in the inverted position. Check the action of the swinging legs to ensure that they locate in the correct place, both in the flaps and in the rails, and that the tops of the swinging legs clear the hinges. Make any adjustments...

Method Of Joining The Legs And Rails Of A Stool

1 Cut the four legs and the rails to size. Because they are sloped by 5 from the vertical, the two front legs are slightly longer than the back ones. There are two rails for each side and three long cross rails that join the two sides together. 2 The method of construction is to make and glue the two sides before joining them together with the longer cross rails. All the joints are mortise and tenons, with those at the tops of the legs having a haunch (see Fig 6.6 see also page 23). Because the...

Saw Blade To Cut Furniture Pine

A power saw complies with this description. The choice is between hand-held and bench-mounted versions, and there are many variations of both. My preference is for a bench-mounted band saw, which will rip and cross cut most materials with ease. One of its main strengths is that it is very versatile and will cut curves as well as straight edges. Band saws are categorized by the width of board they can rip, as they are limited by the distance over the bed between the saw blade and the vertical...

How To Make Pine Drawers

Pine Drawer Plans

The drawers are simple plywood boxes with housing joints at the corners and 'laid on' false fronts made from pine. Middle drawer plans and section, and drawer runner, with dimensions. Top drawer plans and section with dimensions. Bottom drawer plans and section with dimensions. 1 Lay out all the drawer sides on a sheet of plywood to enable them to be cut out in the most economical way. Once the best arrangement has been found, saw the sides from the sheet, and then plane all the edges smooth...

Dovetailed Halving Joint

This joint has more mechanical strength than the normal halving joint and is typically used in carcassing for the rail between the two sides of a chest of drawers. Because of the shape of the tail, it will - strongly resist being pulled apart along the direction of the rail. 3 Mark the housing for the tail in the same way as the tail itself. Remove the waste with a bevel-edged chisel using a slicing action. 2 Use a bevel-edged chisel to remove the rest of the unwanted wood. 2 Use a bevel-edged...

Computer desk

False Front Desk Top

It has been estimated that within the next few years 50 of homes and nearly all small businesses will have at least one computer. This desk has been designed so that it is ideal for computer use as well as for writing letters, doing homework and household accounts, and many other aspects of home office use. When planning a desk, the height from the floor and the height of the desk top in relationship to the height of the seat must be considered for the comfort of the user, particularly if it...

Dowel

Old Dowel Jig

A jig combined with a power drill, this tool provides an accurate method of making dowel holes both quickly and reliably. A small amount of time will be spent in setting up, but once this has been done accurate joints are guaranteed. Jigs that can be used for both ' tin 6mm and 3 sin 9mm dowelling are available. For some jigs it is possible to obtain extra-length rails that facilitate making the long rows of holes required for jointing boards edge to edge. For a number of years I obtained...

Barefaced Housing Joint

Joint Use Furniture Making

Used for joining the corners of any box structure and occasionally for fitting shelves, this joint is simple to make using hand or power tools. When a carcass has to be made simply and quickly, and strength or decoration are not the overriding considerations, this is an acceptable method to use. A rebating plane will cut the shoulders accurately, while the rebate housing can be cut with a tenon saw and chisel after first scoring it across the grain with a knife. A router with a straight bit...

Carcass

To simplify the construction nearly all the carcass pieces are joined using dowels see Figs 9.5 and 9.6 see also page 19 . 1 Start by cutting the four legs A to the correct length, from planed 2 x 2in 50 x 50mm pine. Cut out the deep back rail B , the deep side rail D and the shallow side rail C and, using a jig, make dowelled joints to fit these to the legs. Cut out the long front and short side top rails G and E and form dowelled joints on the ends of these also. Where these two rails fit...

Mortise And Tenon Joint

Barefaced Mortise And Tenon

Mortise and tenon is a traditional joint that has been used for centuries and can be seen in medieval houses, usually employing pegs or tusks. The tenons are not usually very long 4in 102mm is the maximum length for furniture. There are many variations of this joint for different applications. Tusked tenons are used when the furniture is knocked down i.e., can be taken apart for storage or sometimes for decoration often they are reinforced with pegs for strength. A 'stub' or 'stopped' mortise...

Dowelled Corner Joint

How Make Housing Joint

Dowelled joints were originally invented for the mass-production furniture industry. Because making some joints in the traditional way is labour intensive and does not lend itself well to mass-production techniques, dowels are more cost effective. By far the easiest way to make a dowelled joint is with a jig which, with care, will make an accurate, well-fitting joint. Effectively, it is a butt joint reinforced with hardwood pegs. The dowels can be made by cutting them from a length of...

Types Of Pine

Trees are divided into two groups deciduous and evergreen including coniferous trees . The former shed their leaves in winter while the latter do not. Coniferous trees are also categorized as 'softwood'. This refers to a botanical classifi Warping tendencies of planks cut from different aged trees. _____ Extreme growth ring pattern in plank. Minimal growth ring pattern in plank. cation rather than the working properties of the timber, as some softwoods, for example yew, are harder than some...

Corner Bridle Joint

A corner bridle joint is similar to a mortise and tenon and is used to join two rails at the corner. It has all the strength associated with this type of joint, which is derived from the large glued area. The tenon is generally one-third of the thickness of the wood being joined. 1 Lay one rail on top of the other at 90 and mark the width of the top rail on the lower one. Use a try square to extend this mark, and project it around all four sides. On the edges, use a mortise gauge to scribe...

Through Housing Joint

Tenon Saw Pencil Drawing Use

Through housing joints are used mainly for fixing shelves and partitions into cabinets. When used for shelves, as in the projects in this book, they require a housing to be cut into the uprights. This can be done with hand or power tools. Unless glued securely, the simpler versions of the through housing joint do not have much mechanical strength. If the joint is used for a long shelf, which carries a lot of weight but is not supported in the middle, the shelf can be pulled from its housing...

Dowelled Edgetoedge Joint

Dowelled Edge Joint

The planks for this joint are prepared in the same way as for the simple edge-to-edge joints, and the dowels are added to assist in keeping the boards in line when they are clamped. As the dowels do not add to the gluing area, this joint is probably no stronger than the simple edge-to-edge joint. A dowelled joint is simple to make with a jig, but can be very difficult to put together accurately without one, as it is not easy to get the holes to line up. If a jig is not available, a small and...

About the author

Since giving up his day job in the electronics pre-press industry, Dave Mackenzie now divides his time between lecturing - on graphic design, DTP and magazine journalism -and woodworking. This is his first book, following a couple of hundred magazine articles on woodworking and DIY published over the last 20 years. These articles range from furniture design to kite making and much else in between. Dave Mackenzie is married with two children and enjoys painting, walking and twitching.