Heppelwhite was the style to follow Chippendale. George Heppelwhite died in 178G and the furniture business he had established was carried on by his widow, Alice, under the name of A. Heppelwhite & Co.

The first edition of his l)ook, '"The Cabinet-maker and Upholsterer's Guide," did not appear until two years after his death.

Heppelwhitc's designs were of a severe straight line style l>ased on classic principles. His shield-backed chairs are his best known type. The square, tapering leg with a spade foot, is most used, although turning is sometimes employed but never the cabriole leg so popular with Chippendale. A distinguishing feature of Heppelwhite chair backs was the use of the Prince of Wales plume. Sheraton never used this in his chair designs and it is a feature that often settles the authorship of certain patterns that otherwise are very similar. Another distinguishing feature is that Heppelwhite's shield back chairs usually have a plain, curved top rail, while Sheraton's are broken or with a small rectangular panel, in the center.

Upholstering and cane were both used on chairs and settees. Carv ings were very delicate and refined. Veneer.ng, marqueterie and painting were all used. Mahogany was the popular wood.

Characteristic features of the style are: Honeysuckle, wheat ear and water leaf ornament; shield back chairs and straight legs.



Sideboard from IIcpper.white's Book, ih Twin-; Concave Corners, Square Leg and Spade Foot.

Bed from Heup^'white's Book. Heppe'.white Clu^t of drawers with

Bed from Heup^'white's Book. Heppe'.white Clu^t of drawers with


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Htppelwhite Bid, frcm Lit, bfnV.

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