Queen Elizabeth was the last sovereign of the House of Tudor and the architecture and furniture made during her reign is known as Elizabethan. The Renaissance movement was gradually making a change in the furniture of England.

The workmen brought over from Italy, where the new style had made its greatest progress, were imitated by the native artisans, but not with the skill and delicacy' of ornament tnat characterized the Italian work. However, they developed a sturdy, substantial style that was parricularly suited to oak. The furniture was of a heavy, massive construction with showy facades, fluted and carved columns, on which a crude Ionic cap was often used. Carving was coarse and flat, a characteristic feature being the interwoven strap work, some inlaying was also done.

The furniture of the period consisted mainly of chests, cabinets, cupboards, massive canopy beds and chairs of a stiff and cumbersome nature with wood or cane sears. Upholstering had not yet come into vogue to any great extent, loose cushions being used instead.

Rooms were usually furnished with paneled wainscoting, beamed or moulded cei'ings.

Characteristics of the style: Heavy bulbous legs, turned or square, interwoven strap work, heavy moulding'- and carved panels of a coarse Renaissance style.

Lit« Elizabethan Draw Table.
Furniture Period Elizabethan

Elizabethan Bed of Oliver Cromwell.

Renaissance Style Furniture
Elizabethan Cupboard, about 1570.
Elizabethan Ornament

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There is no distinct line of demarcation between the late Elizabethan and early Jacul>ean. The same style of ornamentation was used for some time, but there was a gradual change from the heavy and somewhat over-ornamented Elizabethan to severer forms and less ornament. Some of the later work liecame quite plain—rectangular, square, diamond and L-shaped moulded panels were much used. Turned legs and supports became popular. Most of the carving was cut into the solid wood instead of the raised or applied kind. Inlaying was also used in a limited way.

Chairs with cane backs and seats were popular and of a much lighter design than the Elizabethan. Upholstering was used on some of the plainer styles of chairs and settees.

The Jacolean was contemporaneous with the Flemish style and was considerably influenced by it.

Elizabethan, Jacobean anil Flemish styles can be used together in perfect harmony in furnishing a room. Oak was the wood of the period. By referring to the chronological tabie, it will be seen that the Jacobean period covered the reign of several monarchs and certain types of the period are sometimes referred to as James I., Charles II., etc., according to whose reign they were designed under,

Characteristics of the styles: Panelling, moulding, turned and spiral legs, flat or cut in carving and a straight line style of construction.

Jacobean, an early example of the Court Cupboard, dated 1606.

An Eximplj o£ Lat- Jacobean Work.

Jacobean, an early example of the Court Cupboard, dated 1606.

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An Eximplj o£ Lat- Jacobean Work.

Jacobean Table, about I6b0.

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Jacobean Upholstered Chatis of the Cromwellian Period.


With the ascension of Mary and her Dutch husband, William of Orange, to the English throne, Dutch influences prevailed. Many of the court attaches were Dutch and brought much of their furniture with them. English workmen copied these patterns with such changes as their taste suggested and a new style was gradually developed which became known as William and Mary.

Genera! simplicity of ornament prevailed, veneering came into style and Dutch inlaying was popular.

The William and Mary type was really the beginning of Queen Anne style but had some distinct features which entitle! it to a place of its own. Oak and walnut were the principal woods used.

Characteristic features of the style are: Turned legs, curved under-framing and arched tops to cabinets and frames.

William and Mary Dressing Table, showing Typical Turned Ie^s and Curved Urd^-rfrajning.


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William une. M-rr Chair, , .ibout ltiflc.


William ar.'' M«ry Upholstered i-hair.

How To Sell Furniture

How To Sell Furniture

Types Of Furniture To Sell. There are many types of products you can sell. You just need to determine who your target market is and what specific item they want. Or you could sell a couple different ones in a package deal.

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  • saba
    How was elizabethan furniture manufactured?
    3 months ago

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