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Cut the rabbet joints in the seat supports. Using a dado cuitcr, cut rabbet joints in each end of the seat supports. (See Figure I.) The rabbets must be cut parallel to the mitered ends. These joints will help to hold the front and back legs steady.

1/Cut rabbet f&nts in the ends of the seat supports at the same angle as the mitered ends. Use a stop block attached to the fence to gauge the length of the rabbets

4 Assemble the frame. Bolt the seat support to the legs with 3"-long carriage bolts. Remember, these leg/support assemblies should be mirror images of each other. Attach the back braces to the back legs with lag screws, and bolt the top/back supports to the back legs with 4 " long carriage bolts. These supports must pivot freely, so don't tighten the nuts on the bolts too tightly. To keep the nuts on the pivot bolts from backing off, use stop nuts. (See Figure 2.)

2/Use stop nuts on the pivot bolts These special nuts win not work loose when you change tho position of the top back

2/Use stop nuts on the pivot bolts These special nuts win not work loose when you change tho position of the top back

Pivot Joinery Detail Bench Plank

Attach the top/back and the seat planks. Clamp the top/back support in a horizontal position. Then nail the top/back and the scat planks in place. Use a spacer made from scrap wood to get the planks properly positioned. Remember, the spiral decking nails that we recommend are made to stay put. (See Figure 3.) They will be hard to remove if you make a mistake — even if you don't drive the nails all the way into the boards.

3 Attach the planks to the frame with lOd decking nails. These spiral nails "screw into the wood when you hammer them in. so they stay tight.

3 Attach the planks to the frame with lOd decking nails. These spiral nails "screw into the wood when you hammer them in. so they stay tight.

Install the "lock pins." Place the assembled table/bench on a flat, level surface. Using a carpenter's level, adjust the position of the top/ back so that it's perfectly horizontal; then clamp it in place. About 1 Vi" above the pivot bolts, drill "-diameter holes through the back legs, then through the supports.

Loosen the clamps, and readjust the position of the top/back so that it's in the bench position, 10* oft*vertical. Tighten the clamps again to hold it in place. Using the lock holes in the legs as pilots, drill another set of lock holes through the supports. (See Figure 4.) Remove the clamps, and insert cycbolts as "lock pins" in the lock holes. Hold the cycbolts in place with wing nuts, so that they can be easily removed whenever you want to change the position of the top/back.

Option: As we mentioned in the beginning of this chapter, if you make tivo of these table/benches, you can put them together in the table position to make a lull-size picnic table. However, you'll need to make two simple

4 You should make two sets of lock holes in the supports, but only one set In the legs. Use the holes m the legs as pilots " to dnll the second set of holes m the supports

"ties" to hold them together. As shown in the working drawings, these ties fasten to the top/back supports, underneath the table tops.

Wood Working for Amateur Craftsman

Wood Working for Amateur Craftsman

THIS book is one of the series of Handbooks on industrial subjects being published by the Popular Mechanics Company. Like Popular Mechanics Magazine, and like the other books in this series, it is written so you can understand it. The purpose of Popular Mechanics Handbooks is to supply a growing demand for high-class, up-to-date and accurate text-books, suitable for home study as well as for class use, on all mechanical subjects. The textand illustrations, in each instance, have been prepared expressly for this series by well known experts, and revised by the editor of Popular Mechanics.

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