Materials List

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PARTS

  1. Seat frame (3) 1V x 5H" x 23V
  2. Back frame (3) 1Vrx6'A*x25V
  3. Armrests (2) 1 Vt" x 4%' x 22^ 0. Arm supports (2) 1VPx4%"x10V
  4. Long slats (19) Vx1Vx60"
  5. Short slats (3) V x 1W x 58"

HARDWARE

V x 4" Eyebolts with 2 nuts and 2 washers each (4)

V x 2* Carriage bolts with nuts and washers (6)

W x 3W Carriage bolts with nuts and washers (6) #10 x 1V4" Flathead wood screws

(6 dozen) »14 x 3* Flathead wood screws (4) Porch swing chain set, with 5' leaders 2" S-hooks |6)

V Screw hooks |2)

EXPLODED VIEW

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Cut the frame parts to size. Cut the scat and hac k frame parts from 2x8 stock. Don't contour them at this time, just cut them to length and miter one-

end at 80. Also, cut the armrest and arm support parts to length from 2x6 stock.

1/Using a dado cutter, cut tap joints mto the mitered ends of the frame parts

Cut the lap joints that join the seat and back frames. Up the mitered ends so that they form an inside angle of 100? and their outside edges are flush. Mark the pieces where they cross to guide you when you cut the lap joints. Cut rabbets in the ends, V*"-deep and 7%"-wide. Using a dado cutter mounted on your table saw, make each lap in several passes. Remember, these joints must be cut at the same angle as the mitered ends — set your miter gauge at 80? (See Figure I.)

1/Using a dado cutter, cut tap joints mto the mitered ends of the frame parts

Cut the dadoes in the armrests. While I '/¡"-wide dadoes in the underside of the armrests. These w1 you have the dado cut ter set up, cut %"-dcep, dadoes will hold the arm supports.

Cut the shapes of the frame parts.

Temporarily attach the seat and back frame parts with nails. Enlarge the patterns for these parts and trace them on the stock. Then cut the contours with a band saw or sabre saw. (See Figure 2.) While you're at it, cut the shapes of the armrests and arm supports. Remember that the two armrests should be mirror images of each other. Sand all parts to remove the saw marks.

Use a disc sander to sand the convex curves on the porch swing frame parts...

2 With the seat and back parts temporarily naried together, cut the contours with a band saw or sabre saw and a drum sander to sand the concave curves. This makes short work of the sanding chores.

2 With the seat and back parts temporarily naried together, cut the contours with a band saw or sabre saw

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SIDE VIEW

FRONT VIEW

SWING PATTERNS

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Bolt and screw the frame parts V^ together. While the scat and back frame parts are still nailed together, drill W bolt holes, as shown in the Side View. Also, drill the holes for the eye bolts at this time, even though you won't mount the eycbolts until later on. Bolt the parts together with ¿"-long carriage bolts and remove the nails.

Drill the chain holes in the armrests, then screw the armrests to the arm supports with 3 "long screws. Once again, remember that these assemblies should be mirror images of each other. Position the arm assemblies on the

When you install each bolt, put a flat washer over the threaded end. then a lock washer, and finally a nut. The lock washer will keep the nut from working loose.

frame assemblies; then drill bolt holes where shown in the drawings. Bolt the assemblies together with 3V4"-long carriage bolts.

Cut the slats and attach them to the frame. Rip the slats from % " thick stock, and joint the edges to remove the saw marks. To help position the slats on the frame, make a paper "story tape", (ait a strip of paper I" wide and 48" long and coat the back with spray adhesive or rubber cement. Apply this tape to the contour of the frame, then trim it to the exact length of the contour. Remove the tape and measure its length. Divide the length into twenty-two 1 Mt"-wide sections, with equal spaces between each section. (The spaces should be approximately W wide.) Stick the story tape-to each of the frame assemblies and use it to mark the location of the slats. (See Figure 3.)

Once the assemblies are marked, temporarily nail the slats to them. Don't hammer the nails all the way home, so that you can easily remove them later on. Start by attaching a middle slat, somewhere in the curve between the seat and the back. Next, attach the two end slats. Finally, fill in with the rest. Use short slats where the arm assemblies bolt to the frame. (See Figure 4.)

J Make a paper story tape to help mark the position of the slats on the frame assemblies. Stick this tape to the wood with spray adhesive or rubber cement

J Make a paper story tape to help mark the position of the slats on the frame assemblies. Stick this tape to the wood with spray adhesive or rubber cement

Use finishing nails when temporarily attaching parts, prior to bolting or screwing them together. Finishing nails leave smaller holes, and they aren't as likely to split the wood.

Once you have nailed the slats to the frame, and you're satisfied with their position, remove the nails and replace them with screws. Countersink and countcrbore these screws, then cover the heads with wooden plugs. (See Figure 5.) Also, cover the heads of the screws in the arm assemblies. Cement the plugs in place with waterproof glue.

4 Use short slats where the arm assemblies bott to the frame.

5'Cover the heads of the screws with wooden plugs. Cut those plugs from scrap wood, and cement them m place wrth waterproof glue.

Finish sand the completed swing.

I Round over the hard corners of the armrests and any other sharp edges that might rub you the wrong way when you sit on the swing. Sand the wooden plugs flush witli the surface of the slats.

Mount the swing. Attach cycbolts to the frame where shown in the Side Mew and Pront View. Thread the leaders of the porch swing chains through the holes in the armrests, and attach them to the eyebolts with S-hooks. Mount screw hooks to the underside of a porch joist or tree limb, and attach the other ends of the chain to these hooks

Option: If you don't have a porch or a tree from which to hang the porch swing, make a simple frame from 2 x 4's and 2 x 6's, as we show here. Position the frame in your yard, and stake it down with "4 rebar so that it won't blow over.

SIDE VIEW FRONT VIEW

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