Hanger Bolt Location Detail

8 To attach the legs, put the hanger bolts through the holes in the hanger blocks and tighten the nuts.

the bottom in place, across the ledgers. If you've opted to permanently assemble this project, you may wish to nail the bottom to the ledgers.

7/Drill pilot holes tor the hanger bolts diagonally into the inside corners ot the legs.

8 To attach the legs, put the hanger bolts through the holes in the hanger blocks and tighten the nuts.

Install the corner covers. To hide the hanger bolts and to give the planter a finished look, make "corner covers." I-ty out the shapes of these covers on V<" thick stock, paying careful attention to the grain direction shown in the working drawings. Then cut out the shapes on a band saw or scroll saw. You'll proba bly have to do a little custom fitting to get each block to scat properly. When you've fitted the blocks, just lay them in place if you're making a knock-down planter. Nail them to the upper corner blocks if your planter is permanently assembled. (See Figure 9.)

CORNER

COVER

DETAIL

9 Make comer covers on a band saw or scroll saw to hide the hanger blocks and bolts.

Precautions for Pressure-Treated Lumber ost pressure-treated lumber is saturated with the preservative Chromatcd Copper Arsenate, or CCA As we mentioned in the introduction, this chemical poisons the lumber, preventing the growdi of bacteria that would otherwise rot the wood. Unfortunately, what is poisonous to bacteria may also harm other forms of life — namely you and your family. If you use pressure-treated lumlx.T in your outdwr furniture projects, you should take a few precautions.

CCA is an arsenic compound that chemically bonds with the wood under pressure. It gives off no fumes, and cannot be dissolved once it is bonded. Consequently, it won't "leech" out of the wood, and there is little chemical residue on the surface of a finished project to come in contact with people, pets, and plants. However, many of the craftsmen and builders who work with pressure-treated lumber regularly report rashes, watery eyes, itching, violent sneezing and other irritations. This probably comes from breathing the CCA-saturatcd sawdust, or cutting into the wood and being exposed to minute amounts ol chemicals that haven't completely bonded.

When you work with pressure-treated lumber, wear long sleeve shirts and king pants, eye protection, and a dust mask to protect your skin, eyes, and lungs from exposure to CCA If possible, do all sawing and sanding out of doors, where the sawdust will blow away in the wind. Wash all exposed areas of your skin before eating or drinking. If you happen to get a splinter, remove it immediately. Splinters from pressure-treated lumber can be much more irritating than the normal variety.

After you complete die project, carefully clean up all scraps and sawdust. Dispose of these in a local landfill or bury them yourself. Never bum tix> scraps. Pressure-treated lumber gives off poisonous gases when it's burned.

Hose down the completed outdoor furniture or let it sit through several rainstorms before you allow small children and pets to use it. This washes those fresh culs where you may have exposed some unbonded CCA, and rinses away the chemical. Never let the wood come in contact with food or drinking water, no matter how many rainstorms it's been through.

Finally, avoid working with lumber that is treated with creosote or pcntachlorophcnol (usually called "penta"). Neither of these chemicals bond with the wood They will leech out over time, poisoning the surrounding area. Creosote has been linked with cancer, and penta is chemically similar to the infamous "Agent Orange" used in Vietnam.

K BOARD BliNt MÜS A.NU TAni.ES

Duck Board Benches and Tables

•hey call them "duck boards" because wate r runs right off them. The individual boards in these unique assemblies are set on edge and spaced apart so that they won't trap moisture. The rain just goes right through duck board furniture. But the boards are close enough to each other to make a comfortable bench or a useful table. You won't fall through.

As you can see, the construction is wonderfully simple. All you need to do is rip a few boards and drill a few holes. And the design is as versatile as the construction is simple. Depending on the dimension of the bench top or table top, and its height above the ground, the duck boards can be used for long or short benches, low tables, workstations, even children's furniture.

Woodworking Tools and Installation Tips

Woodworking Tools and Installation Tips

There are a lot of things that either needs to be repaired, or put together when youre a homeowner. If youre a new homeowner, and have just gotten out of apartment style living, you might want to take this list with you to the hardware store. From remolding jobs to putting together furniture you can use these 5 power tools to get your stuff together. Dont forget too that youll need a few extra tools for other jobs around the house.

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