on immediately under the top—are also of solid mahogany; but being of much later date, and half the thickness at the top, are not particularly heavy. All club-footed mahogany tables are of early date. I have even seen some with the carved cockle-shell decoration, and they are always made of thicker wood than the later date mahogany furniture. Semi-circular card-tables—which open out by revolving on their frame into a circular table, and have a deep well between the top and the legs which is only accessible by moving round the top—are occasionally seen in mahogany. These, of course, being a Queen Anne pattern, and with club-footed legs, are of early date. Later mahogany card-tables with straight legs and tops based on the plan of the square, though generally with the square relieved by being cut into a serpentine form, are also of solid mahogany. When one comes to bureaux, book-cases, wardrobes, and knee-hole tables, and the larger pieces of furniture generally, it will be found that the early good ones are invariably made of oak faced with finely figured mahogany. Speaking generally, no mahogany furniture which is made up on deal is of any value. 46

PLAIN MAHOGANY CORNER TABLE. {In the possession of F. Fenn, Esq.) This table opens at the top and has fittings for holding tea-caddy, sugar basin, etc., in the inside above the cupboard.

PLAIN MAHOGANY DUMB-WAITER. {In the possession of F. Fenn, Esq.) Dumb-waiters apparently vary very little until seen side by side. This is a very elegant and nicely proportioned one, with twisted carving on the centre pillar, and good feet.

One of the most regrettable things that has happened to so many pieces of fine as well as modest mahogany furniture is the replacement of the original charming brass handles by turned wood knobs. This is a manifestation of the barbarous want of taste of the early Victorian. Certainly brass handles do get out of order occasionally. In course of time even, and unless they were quite the finest, and had originally undergone a process of mercurial gilding, they needed relacquering, but at least those of the earlier patterns fell down flat against the drawers when they were not in use, instead of projecting into space apparently for the express purpose of tearing women's dresses. Then, too, the yellow touch of colour of the brass handles is delightful on any furniture, so that the change from it to black knobs is incomprehensible; but it is history, and incontrovertible. Try, however, when buying an old piece to get it with one or two of the original handles and lock-plates on it, and never allow the dealer who is selling it you to replace the one or two originals with a complete set of even genuine old brasses off some other piece. Dealers frequently offer to do so in order to effect a sale ;

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