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SHORT WALNUT-WOOD SETTEE. William and Mary period. (In the possession of Seymour Lucas, Esq., R.A.) The carved scrolls with arches in the centre are characteristic of this period.

STUFFED EASY CHAIR, with wing sides. Queen Anne period. (In the possession of F. Fenn, Esq.) This chair has a walnut frame.

WALNUT-WOOD CHAIR, with turned rail. Queen Anne period. (In the possession of Seymour Lucas, Esq., R.A.) This settee or chair has the curious wide seat which obtained until Chippendale departed from it in his late period.

WALNUT FRAMED CHAIR. (In the possession of Seymour Lucas, Esq., R.A.) The chief features of this chair are the beautiful half-circle rails and finely-turned legs.

period. They are beech or pearwood, painted a very dark brown, and their probable date is Charles II. The illustration shows one of a set of six, two of which still retain their original old velvet cushions.

One may almost say that the higher the back the earlier the chair, though this remark will not apply to makes before the time of Charles I. Afterwards the height of the backs gradually declined, though they were still very high, according to our modern ideas, in William and Mary's reign. The difference was quite well marked by Queen Anne's reign, however, as will be proved by an examination of the types of Queen Anne chair, which must have been in ordinary use until they were displaced by the Chippendale models. An illustration is given of a stained-wood armchair of the William and Mary period (Plate 69), with an unusually fine scroll-fronted frame. Up to six or seven years ago, Queen Anne chairs were tolerably common and extraordinarily cheap, for every one was seeking Chippendale, and would look at nothing else; but now the dealers find there is a ready sale for 44 Queen Anne " pieces, so, of course, they have gone up in price. I do not remember that the really

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