Once the mortises are done, the tenons are cut at the end of the aprons. Make sure the distance between the two shoulders of the tenons is exactly the same on all four aprons. Fig. 6. The bottom edge of the apron is rounded with a W quarter-round bit.
After the tenons are cut, grooves are cut in two of the aprons (see Fig. 7) to accept the button fasteners. This method of fastening is very handy for removing and reattaching the top. (This table is very heavy, if it needs to be moved it's much easier to remove the top.)
However, there is another reason for using these 'buttons.' A table top this wide is bound to swell and shrink with changes in humidity throughout the year. The buttons can slide in the groove as the top moves, thus preventing any pressure that might cause splitting.
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