Reversible bench-hooks are used to support small pieces while being sawn or cut, at the same time protecting the bench-top from incidental damage. They can be either bought or simply made out of hardwood about 10 in (254 mm) by 6 in (152 mm) by 1 in (25 mm) with I1/4 in (32 mm) square cleats screwed on both ends as shown (the position can be reversed for left-handed workers). Straight shooting-boards for the accurate squaring of ends can also be purchased or again made by the worker, preferably out of good dry beech. The bed can be in two pieces with grain direction reversed, screwed together to form a rebated bed while the headpiece should be taper housed and screwed but not glued. A shallow groove is usually provided between the two beds
ostensibly for loose dust, etc., and the headpiece or stop can be extended out, as shown by the dotted lines, to support wide boards. In making up these pieces great care should be taken to ensure that they are truly square in every detail, otherwise the whole object is defeated. An average size for normal work, i.e. squaring ends and shooting the edges of small pieces of wood with the hand plane, would be 2 ft (609 mm) long, 9 in (228 mm) wide overall of which about 3 in (76 mm) is reserved for the side of the plane, with the stop out of 11/4 in (32 mm) square timber. Larger boards up to 4 ft (1.21 m) long are also useful for trimming veneers, etc., and can be simply made from two pieces of wood, with the top board kept back to provide a shoulder for the stop to butt against, and the whole screwed together so that it can be knocked apart and lined up afresh whenever necessary, for all boards do require periodic checking.
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