Several other types of plane with occasional uses exist, some of which can be purchased, though others will have to be made. Figure 59:1 illustrates the cooper's stoup-plane with sole rounded in both length and width, and with the iron curved as shown; it is useful for dishing fairly large surfaces such as stool seats, etc. It can be converted from a standard wooden smooth- or coffin-plane. Another good tool is the Jarvis spokeshave-plane (59:2) used by wheelwrights for rounding spokes, with metal spokeshave-type flat iron ground to a hollow, and knock-in wooden wedge. Figure 59:3 shows the wooden scrub-, rougher- or Bismark-p\ane which is still manufactured, and is invaluable for knocking off the rough preparatory to either hand- or machine-surfacing. Also available is
58 Scraper-plane iron
the traditional wooden skew rebate-plane with single iron set at an angle to give a shearing cut. Figure 59:4 shows the standard toothing-plane (see Veneering, etc. Chapter 32) in which a series of corrugations in the iron scores the surface of the wood. It is used for keying the groundwork preparatory to veneering with hide glue, and for levelling bumpy veneers, etc. Mention must also be made of the incomparable Norris planes, smooth-, jack- and low-angled mitre- or piano-finishers' plane. They are no longer manufactured, but second-hand planes in good condition command high prices and the writer counts them among his most prized possessions, not for any sentimental reason but because they happen to do their job extremely well. For the final surfacing of really difficult woods—ebony, East Indian satinwood, etc.— they are excellent, and no doubt the secret lies in the extra stout iron of first-class steel and the heavy and sturdy body which always seems to hug the wood. Before quantity production became the rule and not the exception the old craftsmen always treasured their extra long and heavy wood jointing-planes, and several of the smaller bench-planes they made for themselves from rough gunmetal castings; nor is there any reason why the enthusiast with some slight engineering skill should not do the same. Single and double plane-irons in all sizes are still freely available and can be ground to fit. Beech and rosewood are excellent for plane-making; the wood should not be oiled, as is sometimes advocated, but coated with shellac varnish to seal the pores.
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