Constant use of a key in a lock can scar the wood surface and escutcheons are, therefore, both decorative and utilitarian. Figure 269:1 shows the usual pattern thread escutcheon split at the base and pressed into an appropriate hole in the drawer front; the slight spring offered by the split grips the wood, and the shape of the hole can be marked out by placing the escutcheon in position and smartly tapping with a hammer. Figure 269:2 is a heavier type with a fine hole in the base for a fixing pin; 269:3 the disc plate for surface fixing with brass escutcheon pins; 269:4 the disc plate with screw-in thread, and 269:5 an oblong plate. The cheaper varieties are stamped out of sheet brass, sunk flush and glued with Araldite epoxy glue, but the better patterns have either pin fixings, screw-in threads or small metal tongues (269:5) which are knocked into the wood thickness. Plates can also be formed from ebony, rosewood, box, bone or ivory, etc. (269:6) cut to outline, recessed and glued, the keyhole cut and sanded off flush.
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