Arts And Craftsmen

At the time of Renaissance no sharp line was drawn between arts and craftsmen. The builder who built the house also provided for its furnishings, the sculptor began his career as a stone-mason or goldsmith, and famous artists have even painted furniture *). Nevertheless there were specialists2) in intarsia - making and wood-carving of great renown, and more especially artist-painters of chests3). But the influence of famous artists on the build and decoration of the furniture is beyond question.

  • Vide Schubring, pp. 76 ff. and numerous passages in Vasari (collected by Schubring, p. 90). Vasari mentions furniture of Baccio d'Agnolo having been painted for Pier Francesco Borgherini in Florence by Andrea del Sarto, Pontormo and other famous artists.
  • A complete list is contained in Finocchetti and other works.
  • Vide Schubring, pp. 430 and ff. who has published a workshop book kept by two chest painters who between the years 1446 and 1463 painted between 170—200 chests.

This is true especially of Giuliano da Maianol) and Michelangelo. It was exactly this latter many-sided artist whose wish it was to be only a sculptor, who gave so much impulse to the art of furniture-making. He designed the book-shelves and chairs in Lorenzo da Medici's library (fig. 153), the austere profiles of many chests calling up reminiscences of strong metal coffers may be traced to his influence and probably the fantastic masks (figs. 110, 214, 135 etc.) which played so great a role during the XVIth century, as also other figural motives, owe their origin to him2). The Uffizi Gallery

*) See Schottmüller, Amtliche Berichte aus der Kgl. Kunstsammlung XXXIX (Berlin 1918), pp. 80 ff.

2) Vide: Thode, Michelangelo, Kritische Untersuchungen über seine Werke, Vol. II (Berlin 1908), for the library pp. 118 and 135, for the candelabra in the Medici Chapel p. Ill, and regarding those objects of furniture wrongly attributed to him p. 513. For the frame of the round picture of the Holy Family see: E. Bock, p. 78 (fig. 489).

in Florence, the British Museum in London, and other art collections contain numerous designs for furniture by his contemporaries and successors (figs. 29,30), famous artists having more especially made designs for chests with figural reliefs (figs. 125—132, 134—138, 139) *).

The enormous importance of such close connection between artists and craftsmen and their joint work is above all question. The artist intimate with the work

of the craftsman understood and appreciated the value of good work and designed objects corresponding to thé material out of which they were to be formed, while the craftsman received new impulse from the artist which led him to perform his utmost. In this way expression was immediately given to the new ideas, there was no going back from them; and the culture of the home during the Renaissance acquired that harmony corresponding to the intrinsic grandeur of this great age.

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29. Design for a Coffer, after 1550 Pen Drawing

Uffizi Gallery, Florence

29. Design for a Coffer, after 1550 Pen Drawing

Uffizi Gallery, Florence

30. Design for a State Bed, after 1550 Pen Drawing

Library of the Arts and Crafts Museum, Berlin

30. Design for a State Bed, after 1550 Pen Drawing

Library of the Arts and Crafts Museum, Berlin

Arts And Crafts Interior Decorating

31. G. Mansueti: Hall in Venetian Palace about 1500 (Miraculous Healing of Blind Girl by the Means of a Candle standing by a Relic)

Venice, Academy

Pliot. AnderHon

32. Melozzo da Forli: Roman Palace Hall 1476—1477 (Foundation of the Vatican Library)

Rome, Vatican

33. C. Crivelli: Street and Dwelling-House in Border Town 1486 (The Annunciation)

London, National Gallery

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  1. Aliñar!
  2. Aliñar!
  3. Domenico di Bartolo: Hospital about 1440—1443 (Healing of the Sick)

Siena, S. Maria delta Scala

  1. Anderson
  2. V.Carpaccio: Venetian Bedroom (1490 to 1495) St.Ursulas Dream

Venice, Academy

  1. Anderson
  2. V.Carpaccio: Venetian Bedroom (1490 to 1495) St.Ursulas Dream

Venice, Academy

36. P. M. Pennacchi: Upper Italian Room with Marble Faced Walls about 1500 (The Annunciation)

Venice, S. Francesco della Vigna

36. P. M. Pennacchi: Upper Italian Room with Marble Faced Walls about 1500 (The Annunciation)

Venice, S. Francesco della Vigna

  1. Alinarl
  2. Urbano da Cortona: Tuscan Hall after 1450 (Tidings of Death to Virgin Maria)

Siena, Cathedral

  1. Alinarl
  2. Urbano da Cortona: Tuscan Hall after 1450 (Tidings of Death to Virgin Maria)

Siena, Cathedral

  1. Aliuari
  2. Domenico Ghirlandajo: Patrician Bedroom 1490 (Birth of the Virgin)

Florence S. Maria Novella

  1. Aliuari
  2. Domenico Ghirlandajo: Patrician Bedroom 1490 (Birth of the Virgin)

Florence S. Maria Novella

Benedetto Maiano Innocent Iii

39. Benedetto da Maiano: Bedroom with Boiserie about 1475 (Birth of John the Baptist)

London, Victoria and Albert Museum

39. Benedetto da Maiano: Bedroom with Boiserie about 1475 (Birth of John the Baptist)

London, Victoria and Albert Museum

Saint Hieronymus Study Carpaccio

40. Antonello da Messina: St. Hieronymus in his Study (detail)

London, National Gallery

40. Antonello da Messina: St. Hieronymus in his Study (detail)

London, National Gallery i

Hieronymus
  1. Andcraou
  2. Andrea del Sarto: Patrician Bedroom 1514 (Birth of the Virgin)

Florence, S. S. Annunciata

  1. Andcraou
  2. Andrea del Sarto: Patrician Bedroom 1514 (Birth of the Virgin)

Florence, S. S. Annunciata

  1. Druckmann
  2. Scarsellino: Birth-Room after 1550

Hanover, Provincial Museum

  1. Druckmann
  2. Scarsellino: Birth-Room after 1550

Hanover, Provincial Museum to

  1. Anderson
  2. V. Carpaccio: St. Hieronymus* Study, between 1502 and 1507

Venice, Scuola S. Giorgio dei Schiavoni

  1. Anderson
  2. V. Carpaccio: St. Hieronymus* Study, between 1502 and 1507

Venice, Scuola S. Giorgio dei Schiavoni

  1. Antiunion
  2. J.Tintoretto: Hall in Palace, 1561 (Marriage at Cana)

Venice, S. Maria della Salute

Phot. Allnirl

46. Collegio della Mercanzia, Perugia (Merchant's Guild), End of 14th Century

47. Palazzo Davanzati, Florence: Large Room on First Floor

Phut. Almari

48. Palazzo Davanzati, Florence: Large Room on First Floor

Phot. Allnari

  1. Alinari
  2. Palazzo Davanzati, Florence, Large Room on Third Floor
  3. Alinari
  4. Palazzo Davanzati, Florence, Large Room on Third Floor
  5. Alinari
  6. Palazzo Davanzati, Florence, Room on Third Floor
Palazzo Davanzati
54. Palazzo Davanzati, Florence: Parrot-Room
Palazzo Davanzati
Phot. Alinari

60. Palazzo Davanzati, Florence, Mural Painting on Third Floor to

  1. Aliñar!
  2. Chapel in Palazzo Ducale, Urbino about 1475
  3. Aliñar!
  4. Chapel in Palazzo Ducale, Urbino about 1475
Pnoi. Annan

62. Palazzo Vecchio, Florence, built between 1570 and 1573 by G. Vasari: Privy Cabinet of Duke Francesco Medici

Phot. Brogi

63. Palazzo Vecchio, Florence, Large Hall in Suite of LeoX, After 1555, Built by Vasari i

Scuola Dei Schiavoni Sala
  1. Alinari
  2. Scuola S. Giorgio dei Schiavoni, Venice: Entrance Hall, after 1500, Now Used for Religious Services u> to
  3. Alinari
  4. Scuola S. Giorgio dei Schiavoni, Venice: Entrance Hall, after 1500, Now Used for Religious Services
Palazzo Ducale Anticollegio

67. Palace of the Doges, Venice: Sala dell' Anticollegio Decorated by V. Scamozzi, Sculpture by A. Vittoria,

Paintings by P.Veronese and J. Tintoretto

69. Florence: First Half of 15th Century, Painted Chest with Metal Mountings

Formerly in the Bardini Collection, Florence

Collection Bardini Book

70. Siena about 1450, Chest Painted and with Stucco Reliefs

Private Collection, Florence

70. Siena about 1450, Chest Painted and with Stucco Reliefs

Private Collection, Florence

Victoria and Albert Museum, London kJ v e&S t! \'V r ä% J * kr

Schloss-Museum, Berlin

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Castello Vincigliata, Florence

71—73. Toscana, 15th Century, Painted Chests Ornamented with Stucco Reliefs

Arts and Crafts Museum, Leipzig
Schloss-Museum, Berlin

Phot. Brogl

Caslello Vincigliata, Florence

Phot. Brogl

Caslello Vincigliata, Florence

74—76. Tuscany, 14th and 15th Century: Fronts of Chest and Chest with Gilded Stucco Reliefs t

77. Venice about 1550. Table-Chest with Gilded Stucco Reliefs

Arts and Crafts Museum, Frankfort on Maine

77. Venice about 1550. Table-Chest with Gilded Stucco Reliefs

Arts and Crafts Museum, Frankfort on Maine

Arts And Crafts Interior Decorating

78. Venice about 1500: Carved and Gilded Cupboard-Chest

Schloss-Museum, Berlin

78. Venice about 1500: Carved and Gilded Cupboard-Chest

Schloss-Museum, Berlin

Venice about 1500. Museo Poldi Pezzoli, Milan

79-80. Chests with Gilded Stucco Reliefs

Phot. Alinarl

Privat« Collection, Venice

Victoria and Albert Museum, London

81-82. Venice, 16* Century, Carved Wooden Chest and Chest with Gilded Stucco Reliefs

Phot. Anderson

Verona about 1510. Museo Poldi-Pezzoli, Milan

Phot. Anderson

Verona about 1500. Museo Cívico, Verona

Venice about 1530. Schloss-Museum, Berlin

§3—85. Chest-Front, Carved and Painted Chests

Verona about 1510. Museo Poldi-Pezzoli, Milan

Schloss-Museum, Berlin

Schloss-Museum, Berlin

Amsterdam in Collection O. Lanz

86—88. Upper Italy (Venice?) about 1500 Certosina Chests (open and closed)

Amsterdam in Collection O. Lanz

86—88. Upper Italy (Venice?) about 1500 Certosina Chests (open and closed)

1500 Verona Chair

About 1500

89—90. Florentine Chest-Seat and Table-Chest with Intarsias

Kaiser Friedrich-Museum, Berlin

About 1500

89—90. Florentine Chest-Seat and Table-Chest with Intarsias

Kaiser Friedrich-Museum, Berlin

91—92. Florence about 1500: Chest-Seat and Table-Chest with Intarsias

Kaiser Friedrich-Museum, Berlin

Victoria and Albert Museum, London

Victoria and Albert Museum, London

Victoria and Albert Museum, London

Victoria and Albert Museum, London

Arts and Crafts Museum, Leipzig

93—95. Tuscany beginning of the 16th Century: Inlaid Chests

Italian 16th Century Chest

96. Florence: 1512: Bridal Chest bearing Strozzi and Medici Arms

Schloss-Museum, Berlin

96. Florence: 1512: Bridal Chest bearing Strozzi and Medici Arms

Schloss-Museum, Berlin

Figdor Collection

97. Central Italy about 1460: Isotta da Rimini's Table-Chest

Figdor Collection, Vienna

97. Central Italy about 1460: Isotta da Rimini's Table-Chest

Figdor Collection, Vienna

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