The Renaissance In France

From Italy the great revival of industrial art travelled to France. Charles VIII., who for two years had held Naples (1494-96), brought amongst other artists from Italy, Bernadino de Brescia and Domenico de Cortona, and Art, which at this time was in a feeble, languishing state in France, began to revive. Francis I. employed an Italian architect to build the Chateau of Fontainebleau, which had hitherto been but an old fashioned hunting box in the middle of the forest, and Leonardo da Vinci and...

Saracenic Woodwork From Cairo and Damascus

While the changes of fashion in Western, as contrasted with Eastern countries, are comparatively rapid, the record of two or three centuries presenting a history of great and well-defined alterations in manners, customs, and therefore, of furniture, the more conservative Oriental has been content to reproduce, from generation to generation, the traditions of his forefathers and we find that, from the time of the Moorish conquest and spread of Arabesque design, no radical change in Saracenic Art...

The Middle Ages

Middle Ages Byzantine Furniture

Period of 1000 years from Fall of Rome, A.D. 476, to Capture of Constantinople, 1453 the Crusades Influence of Christianity Chairs of St. Peter and Maximian at Rome, Ravenna and Venice Edict of Leo III. prohibiting Image worship the Rise of Venice Charlemagne and his successors the Chair of Dagobert Byzantine character of Furniture Norwegian carving Russian and Scandinavian the Anglo-Saxons Sir Walter Scott quoted Descriptions of Anglo-Saxon Houses and Customs Art in Flemish Cities Gothic...

The Renaissance in Italy

Italy was the birthplace of the Renaissance. Leonardo da Vinci and Raffaele may be said to have guided and led the natural artistic instincts of their countrymen, to discard the Byzantine-Gothic which, as M. Bonnaffe has said, was adopted by the Italians not as a permanent institution, but faute de mieux as a passing fashion. It is difficult to say with any certainty when the first commencement of a new era actually takes place, but there is an incident related in Michael Bryan's biographical...

The Renaissance In England

Havernius Cleves

England under Henry the Eighth was peaceful and prosperous, and the King was ambitious to outvie his French contemporary, Francois I., in the sumptuousness of his palaces. John of Padua, Holbein, Havernius of Cleves, and other artists, were induced to come to England and to introduce the new style. It, however, was of slow growth, and we have in the mixture of Gothic, Italian and Flemish ornament, the style which is known as Tudor. It has been well said that Feudalism was ruined by gunpowder....

The Renaissance in the Netherlands

Netherlands History Furniture

In the Netherlands, the reigning princes of the great House of Burgundy had prepared the soil for the Renaissance, and, by the marriage of Mary of Burgundy with the Archduke Maximilian, the countries which then were called Flanders and Holland, passed under the Austrian rule. This influence was continued by the taste and liberality of Margaret of Austria, who, being appointed Governor of the Low Countries in 1507, seems to have introduced Italian artists and to have encouraged native craftsmen....

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Ornamental Chippendale

Mahogany may be said to have come into general use subsequent to 1720, and its introduction is asserted to have been due to the tenacity of purpose of a Dr. Gibbon, whose wife wanted a candle box, an article of common domestic use of the time. The Doctor, who had laid by in the garden of his house in King Street, Covent Garden, some planks sent to him by his brother, a West Indian captain, asked the joiner to use a part of the wood for this purpose it was found too tough and hard for the tools...