Chapter Viii

ENGLISH FURNITURE OF THE SIXTEENTH AND SEVENTEENTH WHEN Henry VIII returned from his meeting with Fran ois I and Charles V on the Field of the Cloth of Gold, he sought to introduce into England some of the magnificence that characterized the French court. Important changes in Windsor and Hampton date from this event. The great tide of the Renaissance, however, had reached England before this momentous gathering of sovereigns. Torrigiano, a contemporary of Leonardo da Vinci, was commissioned to...

Furniture Of The Italian Renaissance

For the first time designs were made with reference to their setting. The furniture of the private dwelling was suggestive of neither cathedrals nor abbeys. It was made with a careful regard for the needs of the owner, his station and manner of living. Thus houses possessed a harmony which had hitherto been absent. The arrangement of furniture was greatly altered. Chairs and chests were no longer placed stiffly against the walls. According to one old writer the sixteenth century...

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IIERE were no clearly defined lines between the Louis XIV and the Louis XV styles of furniture. The sweeping curves and ornate decorations which characterized the designs of the early Quinze period were the natural outgrowth of the late Quatorze epoch. From the time that Pierre Mignard succeeded Lebrun, as art director, a gradual change had taken place in all handicraft. Instead of one controlling force there were a dozen influences. Designers, free from the restraint of obeying one master...