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O Marie Antoinette has long been accorded the honor of the pseudo-classic revival in France. Recent writers on French handicraft of the eighteenth century doubt the young queen's part in the matter, and point out the fact that the return to simpler forms took place several years before the Austrian princess married the dauphin. The Louis XVI style of decoration was of gradual growth. It is not possible to mark the date when the old standards gave place to the new. It is an extremely interesting...

Chapter Viii

ENGLISH FURNITURE OF THE SIXTEENTH AND SEVENTEENTH WHEN Henry VIII returned from his meeting with Fran ois I and Charles V on the Field of the Cloth of Gold, he sought to introduce into England some of the magnificence that characterized the French court. Important changes in Windsor and Hampton date from this event. The great tide of the Renaissance, however, had reached England before this momentous gathering of sovereigns. Torrigiano, a contemporary of Leonardo da Vinci, was commissioned to...

Furniture Of The Italian Renaissance

For the first time designs were made with reference to their setting. The furniture of the private dwelling was suggestive of neither cathedrals nor abbeys. It was made with a careful regard for the needs of the owner, his station and manner of living. Thus houses possessed a harmony which had hitherto been absent. The arrangement of furniture was greatly altered. Chairs and chests were no longer placed stiffly against the walls. According to one old writer the sixteenth century...