Cheeks: the exposed and cut faces of a joint.
Double cove seat: seat that has four curved seat rails.
Green timber: wet and unseasoned wood.
Sapwood: the sapwood surrounds the heartwood and its cells transport water and minerals from the ground to the branches and leaves.
Sawpit: a deep pit over which is placed a framework of wood which supports a timber log, which is sawn, with a long two-handled saw by two men. One man stands in the pit and the other above on the framework.
Shakes: if the timber is felled or seasoned incorrectly then defects such as shakes develop. These are splits which open into holes across or along the grain.
Slash sawing: the log is sawn into boards along its axis. This conversion process is also known as through and through cutting.
Tangential shrinkage: when a log is slash-sawn it is cut at a tangent to the growth rings. Cupping or deformation of the board occurs because it does not dry uniformly across its width.
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