tapestries, chiefly from France and the Low Countries, were the usual wall-coverings, in rich houses, at the commencement of the fifteenth centur}\
With the Great Hall, of vast size, and often stone-built, the bareness of walls would not be keenly felt, and the smaller rooms were nearly always Arras-hung, as we know from contemporary records. V\ ith timber buildings, however, where spaces between the oak studs were filled with clay and chopped straw on a rough pillow lathing, finished off with a skin of plaster, wooden panellings became almost a logical necessity, in the absence of tapestries. That many decorations in imitation of tapestries, such as painted hangings of linen or canvas were used, we know from numerous records and inventories, where references to " painted " or " stevnid cloths" are frequent. Thus, in the second part of King Henry IV, Mistress Quickly says: "By this heavenly ground I tread on, I must be fain to pawn both my plate and the tapestry of my dining chambers "; to which Falstaff replies, " Glasses, glasses, is the only drinking ; and for thy walls, a pretty slight drollery, the story of the Prodigal, or the German hunting in water-work, is
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