Oakboarded Ceiling From A House At Lavenham

Late fifteenth or early sixteenth centurv.

here shown partially restored. On the ground floor, at the nearest corner in the illustration, will be noticed the framings of old shop windows. Similar windows also existed on the Water Street elevation, but they7 have been covered with plaster. The projecting joist-ends, on the first floor overhang, and their bracketted supports from the slender wall posts, in buttress form, with carved capitals, should be noted here as exceptional details, although of the shafts only a vestige remains.

Two views of the projecting porch of Lavenham Guild Hall are shown in Figs. 181 and 1S2. This is a rich example, although the original door is missing. The carving of the corner bracket and the niched corner-posts is exceedingly choice in secular work, even for the late fifteenth century. The photographs were taken prior to the restoration of 1914, when a number of new bay windows were added in a regrettable endeavour to improve the elevation of the fine old Hall.

One of the corner-posts to the Lavenham Woolhall, together with its dragon-beam

and overhanging story-bracing is given in Fig. 183. The corner-post of the Guild Hall is illustrated in Fig. 184, together with two of the modern bay windows which were added at the time of the 1Q14 restoration.

One of these mid-fifteenth-century corner-posts can be seen in Fig. 185. Below the enriched band is a Gothic head with crocketted central mullion and the tracery above becomes shallower as it rises to thcBapex of the post. Viewed cornerwise this post has supported a dragon-beam g ins. in width. A portion of the top of this post has been cut off. Originally, it sprang outward and upward, as in the Lavenham Guild Hall post, Fig. 184.

Lavenham Guild Hall was erected in about the year i486 for one of the Cloth Guilds of Corpus Christi. At this period the English woollen trade with the Low Countries was very large, and Lavenham was one of the weaving centres. The act of Henry VIII, in debasing the English silver coinage, annihilated this trade, and Lavenham remains to-day, a feeble shadow only of its former wealth and glory, the home of horsehair cloth-weaving, in itself a dying industry. Of this rich Guild Hall only one of the

ELMSETT CHURCH, SUFFOLK.

original bay windows remains, and this is in a badly restored state. It is shown in Fig. 186. It shows the transom type, flanked with top lights. The window-head is supported bv " false-tenons " into the overhanging floor joists. The heavy cill is wrought from the solid, and is finely moulded and carved.

1 house in Lavenham, of the mullioned type, with carved transom and cill. The bay is

Fig. 207

CHANCEL DOOR, NEEDHAM MARKET CHURCH.

Fig. 187 shows a corbelled window from a

1 house in Lavenham, of the mullioned type, with carved transom and cill. The bay is

ELMSETT CHURCH, SUFFOLK.

Oak boards with applied iron straps. Late fourteenth century.

j square on plan, and without side lights. The door at the side, with its Gothic head is.

and spandrel, shows the

Fig. 207

CHANCEL DOOR, NEEDHAM MARKET CHURCH.

Early fifteenth century.

domestic fashion of the last half of the sixteenth century. Here, as in Fig. 180, the brackets from the joist-ends on either side of the door are carried 011 slender buttresses.

Alston Court, Xayland, Suffolk, is a half-timbered house, dating from the closing years of the reign of Edward IV, between 1475 and 14S0. It is a good example of a yeoman's house of the superior kind. Built round an open courtyard, in the manner of its time, it possesses a Great Hall with mullioned windows, glazed with heraldic emblazonry of coats of arms of well-known Norfolk and Suffolk families, of its own and subsequent dates.

The house has grown by additions made at later periods in its history. The dining-room was panelled with oak in 1631, at a date when dissensions between Cavalier and Parliamentarian were beginning to become acute. This room has finely carved beams and a window with line old stained glass. Above is the Solar, and adjoining is a room with a waggon ceiling of oak. By permission of the owner, Mr. A. II. Fenn, two of the corbelled windows are shown in Figs. 188 and 189. Both are of late fifteenth-century type, well restored, and the first shows some of the heraldic glass of the sixteenth century which is one of the features of Alston Court.

Among the important features of both timber houses and churches of the fifteenth century were the elaborate timber porches. In the latter these were often of the most ornate description, both externally and internally. The house porch was closed by a door at its entrance, hence the need for ornament in its interior was not so keenly felt, timber

BARKING CHURCH,SUFFOLK, VESTRY DOOR.

Fig. 209. KEY CHURCH, IPSWICH, PRIEST'S DOOR.

Late fifteenth centurv.

BARKING CHURCH,SUFFOLK, VESTRY DOOR.

^â– Mid-fifteenth centurv.

Fig. 209. KEY CHURCH, IPSWICH, PRIEST'S DOOR.

Late fifteenth centurv.

STRANGERS' HALL, NORWICH. OAK ENTRANCE DOOR WITH WICKET.

Width of large door, 5 ft. 1 in. Width of small door, 3 ft. Height of wicket door from wood threshold, 5 ft. 6 ins.

Fig. 211.

STRANGERS' HALL, NORWICH. OAK ENTRANCE DOOR WITH WICKET.

Width of large door, 5 ft. 1 in. Width of small door, 3 ft. Height of wicket door from wood threshold, 5 ft. 6 ins.

more ornate outside than the door at the other end, with fine open-timber roofs, has, probably, the most views of which are given in from the middle of the therefore, as remarkable rich character, slender triple columns, and traceried with central mul-tie-beam in the front are niche, the evidences of w hich collar-beam above, in the Four of these interesting fifteenth century are illus-

  1. 211. THE LEFT-HAND CARYATID OR BRACKET TO THE PORCH CORNICE.
  2. 212. THE RIGHT-HAND BRACKET.

Early sixteenth century.

Leonard G. Bohngbrcke, Esq.

houses, as a rule, being in. Church porches, having were often embellished Boxford Church, Suffolk, ornate porch in England, Figs. 190 to 192. It dates fourteenth century, and is, for its antiquity as for its The roof is vaulted to the window openings are lions. Over the cambered signs of an original Saint's are still to be seen on the trefoil of the arched head. Suffolk porches of the

BRENT ELEIGH CHURCH, SUFFOLK.

4 ft. wide by 5 ft. 3i- ins. to springing of arch. S ft. 2 ins. to apex. Flat vertical boarded type, with applied ribs and tracery. Early fifteenth century.

Fig. 214

CHELSWORTH CHURCH, SUFFOLK, S. DOOR.

9 ft. 2 ins. high by 4 ft. 7 ins. wide. Framed mullion type with inserted traceried heads. Mid-fifteenth century.

EARL STONHAM CHURCH, SUFFOLK,

Moulded ribs with inserted tracery. Mid-fifteenth century.

trated in Figs. 193 to 196. It will be noticed that the timbering becomes lighter in scantling as the century advances.

Mention has already been made, at various stages, of the Great Hall which is such an integral part of the early English house, but, so far, 110 example has been illustrated showing this apartment in a timber structure. Gainsburgh Hall, already referred to in the chapter on the timber roof, and fully described therein, is here shown in Fig. 197. Gainsburgh was completed in 1484, and records state that Richard Crookback was entertained in this Hall. It is a good, if somewhat exceptional, example of the late fifteenth century, suffering from ignorant restoration, in company with many fine timber houses of its period. A more tj'pical, if less ornate instance of a Great Hall in a yeoman's house of the fifteenth century, restored with greater judgment, is given

BOXFORD CHURCH, SUFFOLK, S DOOR.

THE REVERSE OF THE DOOR, FIG. 216.

BOXFORD CHURCH, SUFFOLK, S DOOR.

Boarded type, of riven oak, with applied tracery. Mid-fifteenth century.

THE REVERSE OF THE DOOR, FIG. 216.

EAST ANGLIAN FIFTEENTH-CENTURY DuORS.

Fig. 218. HADLEIGH, S. DOOR

Mid-fifteenth century.

Fig. 218. HADLEIGH, S. DOOR

Mid-fifteenth century.

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