Lavenham Woolhall Interioh Of Hall

See Fig. 66 showing this Hall in process of restoptip,}^ ^

Late fifteenth centmf.

CARVED CEILING BEAMS FROM A HOUSE IN WATER STREET, LAVENHAM.

CARVED CEILING BEAMS FROM A HOUSE IN WATER STREET, LAVENHAM.

In the following pages, some examples of rich half-timber houses, and porches— sacred and secular- are shown. They have been chosen from hundreds of examples, each noteworthy in its way, but space considerations have forbidden more than a brief description of this fascinating branch of the woodworker's craft. Those who have read, and studied, the chapter on " Timber Roofs " will be prepared for much that is to follow in this one. The timber roof is really the upper story of a timber house, especially when it has collars without tie-beams. The vertical timbers from the eaves-level downwards, with their horizontal plates, act. as buttresses to resist the outward thrust of a pitched roof, a task which, in the case of a church, is undertaken by walls of massive stone or jointed brick. The framed house is reinforced by its floor-beams and joists at the floor-levels, and is a complete unit before any filling of the cavities between the timbers is even commenced. That brick nogging stiffens the vertical studs is

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CARVED CEILING BEAMS FROM PAYCOCKES, COGGESHALL. ESSEX.

I.ate fifteenth century. Noel Buxton, Esq, unquestionable, but the timber house must be of ample strength and stability without such aid.

The examples shown, in this chapter, have been especially chosen for their richness. They are, mainly, from two counties, Suffolk and Essex. They are intended to give merely an outline of a vast subject. Timber houses vary not only at distinct periods, but also in different localities. Local tree-growth had a good deal to do with their development in particular directions. A large book could be written, easily, on the subject of the English timber house, and then the available field would be, by no means, exhausted. The houses shown in the succeeding pages are exceptional, but they are

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