Sefacs And Prfacse

N the attempt to write a history of English furniture and woodwork showing its development in an orderly progression, one is confronted by an initial difficulty where to begin. Of woodwork prior to the fourteenth century we know very little, and of furniture practically nothing. Even if isolated specimens, for illustration, were available, which is not the case, they would be useless for our present purpose. I have pointed out, in other books on the subject, that an account of the evolution of...

Chapter II

WO acts of oppression and greed on the part of Henry VIII stand out in history as remarkable, not only for the autocratic power on the part of the King which they exhibit, but also for the far-reaching effect which the had on the development of English furniture and woodwork. The first of these is the suppression of the monasteries, which began, in the case of the smaller establishments, as early as 1536 the other is the debasing of the coinage, a further description of which, together with...

XjRttMfHBBBflEI her tavern but these as Falstaff suggests

Were probably old, fly-bitten and worthless. The panel mouldings of Fig. 286 are modern those of Fig. 287 show the original sections, Fig. 288 has the initials N.A.1 in Gothic letters, suspended from a knotted rope,2 elaborately intertwined in the branches of a tree, beneath which are two figures, which may represent Adam and Eve. Below, the device of Sir Thomas ingfield appears again. The panel mouldings and framings here, also, are modern. LYME PARK, CHESHIRE. THE ENTRANCE FRONT OF THE OLD...

Oak Chimneypiece

Strap And Jewel Paneling

The stone lining is carved with the arms of the Huxleys of Edmonton. Date about 1610. Victoria and Albert Museum. may be found in Lord Treasurer Cromwell's Castle of Tattershall. One of these is illustrated in Fig. 298, refixed at the time of the recent restorations to the Castle. It is from these stone mantels that the early chimney-beams of oak were copied, before the wood mantel acquired its later decorative importance. At the date when Tattershall was built this mantel represented the...

Southwold Chancel

Single hamincr-bcam and braced collar type. Panelled and Decorated, Rood Celure. Mid-fifteenth century. Single hammer-beam, arch-braced frame Couple type. Vaulted cornice masking hammer-beams. 26 ft. span. Roof of the Nave. Vaulted hammer-beam type c. 1500 . Roof of the Nave. Vaulted hammer-beam type c. 1500 . the wall-posts, above the corbel, is niched, and carved with the standing figure of a Saint. Each hammer-beam is carved in the form of a prone winged angel. Another example of this...

The Development

Compound hammer-beam roof with large arch-ribs Westminster Hall . 24. Compound hammer-beam roof with large arch-ribs Westminster Hall . 18. Hammer-beam roof with hammerposts and wall-posts. Both hammer-beams and collar are arch-braced. 21. False single-hammer-beam roof pendentive Eltham Palace type . The hammer-posts bear on the tenons only of the hammer-beams, not on the beams themselves. to allow of a slight fall to the gutters, the points of stability to be considered are only threefold....

The Hall Of The Mddle Temple

Suffolk Roof Church

Its stability depends solely on the permanence of its joints, and the safeguarding against decay, especially in the hammer-beams and the wall-posts. The huge cornice and the hammer-beams are, in reality, the only tcnsional members the others are in compression. As an example of clever construction on the part of the fifteenth-century carpenters this roof of Xecdham Market Church is a truly astonishing achievement. The great curved rib, as in Fig. 44, No. 24, when used in conjunction with the...

Frieze Details Of The Exeter Panelling

Thomas Paycocke

Property during their history, and Bishop Grandisson, 1338-70, was their great benefactor. At this period the Priests and Choristers numbered twenty-four. Bishop Oldham, 1507-1522, appears to have made some additions to the Common Room, and the linenfold panelling, which is illustrated here in Figs. 292 and 293, probably dates from his time. The stone mantel in the Hall is certainly earlier, and may be the work of Bishop Brantingham, 1370-1394. There are indications that the. mantel has been...

Compton Wynyates

Gage Hengrave

Hli last fifteen years of the fifteenth century witnessed the rise of the House of Tudor from the battlefield of Bosworth, when the arms of the Seventh Henry and the policy of the first Earl of Derby, -who obtained his title in 14S5, as a reward for his invaluable services in placing the crown of Richard Crookback on the head of the victorious Richmond, established the line which persisted for one hundred and seventeen years, until England had to look to Scotland for a king to occupy its...

And Absence Of Glazing Rebates

It is possible that sheets of parchment, or oiled linen, nwy have been nailed over the window apertures to keep out draught, but this window was originally made to be left open, as the tracery on both sides is carved and the mullions moulded. Interesting remains of decorated plaster-work can be seen 011 the inside face. The rebates shown on the interior faces arc for shutters only. Doors and door framings were treated on a similarly elaborate scale, but consideration of these must be deferred...

Part of oak screen doors from

Original Screen Door

A former bishop's falace at exeter. centuries, we get progressive skill in construction 7 ft. 10 in. high by 3 ft. 5 in. wide. methods of ever-growing ingenuity, combined Victoria and Albert Museum, with a corresponding economy of material, until, in the later and debase d Gothic, traceries become almost impossibly delicate in proportion and bewildering in the intricacy of their ornament, as at Westminster Abbey, for example. An account of colour decoration in Gothic clerical woodwork is,...