Satinwood Inlaid Chair

3 ft. 1 in. high from floor to top of back. 1 ft. 7J- ins. across front of seat. I ft. 6i ins. depth of seat.

Fig. 214. MAHOGANY CHAIR.

3 ft. oi in. from floor to top of back. I ft. ins. across front of seat. I ft. 61 ins. depth of seat.

at a later stage, the latter illust r a t e d the shield-back on two occasions only in the Drawing Book, and then in a manner which was not only not successful, but also indicated an absence of sympathy with the form, his preference being for the square-back which is thoroughly characteristic of his style.

Fig. 210 is a somewhat exceptional model, where the shield of the back is filled with a trophy centred with an elliptical patera on which a similar device is repeated. This chair was one of a large set in private hands in Cornwall, although probably since dispersed. It is a beautiful specimen of the choice designing and fine workmanship of about 1780. The next example is fully equal to it in point of quality. In both will be noticed the hollowed seat, a detail borrowed by the school of Hepplewhite from

that of Chippendale, and used with considerable effect. Fig. 212 shows a rare form of the shield-back, the top rail boldly curved, and the shield finishing in a point on the level of the seat. The back is well hollowed out, for greater comfort, and the entire design is exceedingly vigorous and fine.

  1. 213 and 214 introduce another favourite pattern of chair-back, that of the interlaced heart. This is one of the most characteristic of all Hepplewhite's patterns, in the sense that it was not adopted by any of his competitors in the many design-books which were published at this period. The pattern is a logical evolution from that of the ordinary shield-back.
  2. 215 introduces the hoop-back, another purely Hepplewhite conception. This chair, of carved satin wood, originally formed part of a large set. The central splat exhibits traces of the Gothic influence ; in fact it is in these models, if anywhere, where the styles of Chippendale and Hepplewhite oveilap. The back, carried in a continuous

Fig. 218. MAHOGANY CHAIR.

In the possession of A. R. Stilwell Freeland, Esq. 3 ft. 3 ins. high from floor to top of back, i ft. ioj ins. across front of seat. I ft. 71 ins. depth of seat.

Date about 1790.

MAHOGANY AND BOXWOOD CHAIR. 3 ft. 2 ins. high from floor to top of back. I ft. gi ins. width across front of seat. 1 ft. 6h ins. depth of seat.

Date about 1790.

Fig. 218. MAHOGANY CHAIR.

In the possession of A. R. Stilwell Freeland, Esq. 3 ft. 3 ins. high from floor to top of back, i ft. ioj ins. across front of seat. I ft. 71 ins. depth of seat.

Date about 1790.

line from the one back leg to the other, is enriched with a small beading on the inner and outer edges. The central splat is pierced in five, united in pointed arches under the top rail, to which it is connected by three triple wheat-ears. Fig. 216 is a variation of Fig. 215, the back rail being filled with catkins between the inner and outer headings. In both examples the seat is " dipped," a feature which appears to have been general in " hoop-back " chairs of this type. The pronounced Adam character of both hardly needs emphasising, especially in the case of Fig. 216 ; in fact the first may almost be regarded as a Hepplewhite variation of the second or more typical Adam example.

Fig. 217 shows another form of the Hepplewhite-Adam "hoop-back," the detail here being carved from boxwood and applied. From the oval centre radiate eight pierced balusters, of mahogany edged with lines of holly. The legs are turned and fluted, an

Figs. 219 and 220. "CABRIOLE CHAIRS."

Plate 10 in all editions of the Guide. "Cabriole .iiair.-" are defined by "A. Hepplewhite A: Co." as those having stuffed backs.

Figs. 219 and 220. "CABRIOLE CHAIRS."

Plate 10 in all editions of the Guide. "Cabriole .iiair.-" are defined by "A. Hepplewhite A: Co." as those having stuffed backs.

.Fig. 221. BEECH PAINTED CHAIR.

In the possession of J. I). Phillips, Esq. 3 ft. 2 ins. from floor to top of back. 2 ft. o in. across front of seat. I ft. 61 ins. depth of seat.

Date about 1790.

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