Mahogany Arm Chair

I ft. ioJ ins. across front of seat.

Date about 1780.

able difficulty, compared with which the most elaborate of Chippendale's models are mere apprentice work. A comparison of these two chairs with the arm and single chaiis shown in Figs. 200 and 201 will illustrate the point very well. The central balusters of both these latter are united to the top rail by the "Prince of Wales' feathers," a very favourite motif with Hepplewhite, and one which he was careful to emphasise in the Guide. The shield-backs are edged with a small double beading on the inner and outer edges, and although the dimensions of total

height and width of seat vary in the two, the backs are identical both in size and detail.

Fig. 202 is a more stylish edition of Xos. 198 and 199, and Fig. 203 illustrates another treatment of this shield-baluster-back by suspending swags of painted drapery from the central baluster to the corners of the top rail.

The endeavour, in this chapter, is to collect and illustrate representative types of Hepplewhite's well-known chair patterns. It is necessary, for clearness and convenience, to devise names for each, so that they can be distinguished the one from the other in cases of future reference at a later stage. We are concerned at present with shield-back chairs, and in the examples already considered, the entire shield is filled with three or five shaped and carved balusters. To adequately describe this type we must use the compound term of "serpentine-top, shield-back baluster chairs." Fig. 204 is a variation of this pattern, where the back is, in shape, something like a Crusader's shield. This we can indicate as a " bow-top, shield-back baluster." Fig. 205 introduces

Figs. 208 and 209. CHAIRS.

Plate 5 in the Cabinet-maker and Upholsterer's Guide, second and third editions. This plate does not appear in the first edition.

Figs. 208 and 209. CHAIRS.

Plate 5 in the Cabinet-maker and Upholsterer's Guide, second and third editions. This plate does not appear in the first edition.

Fig. 210.
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