Gilt Table With Marqueterie

In the possession of Messrs. Colling & Young. 4 ft. 6 ins. wide x I ft. 8 ins. deep x 2 ft. ioi ins. high.



In the possession of C. J. Charles, Ksq. ; ft. 9 ins. long x 3 ft. 3 ins. high x 2 ft. 2 ins. deep.

drawers, and was never adapted to contain anything beyond table cutlery and napery. The creation of the sideboard as a piece of furniture capable of fulfilling the functions of the old-time buffet, was probably due to Hepplewhite, and reached its utilitarian limit in the hands of Thomas Sheraton. Robert Adam, however, appears to have been the pioneer of the pedestal sideboard—an article of furniture both ornamental and useful — although it is possible that he may have borrowed the idea from a cabinet-maker. The pedestal and the urn were, however, such characteristic pieces in the style of Adam, that in this particular the architect may have been the instructor of the furniture designer.

In the hands of Robert Adam the central table is always kept distinct from the pedestals, and a good idea of the ensemble of an " Adam " dining-room is shown in the frontispiece drawing to this volume. It is natural that the association between the five pieces comprising an Adam sideboard should be broken during the course of a century

MAHOGANY SIDE TABLE. 5 ft. S ins. lung x 2 fl. 4 ins. deep x 2 ft. 10 ins. high.

and a half, and we consequently find pedestals which have lost their urns, or vice versa, or side tables which have been divorced from both. Fig. 23 is one of these tables, and Figs. 24. and 25 the pedestals and urns. The brass galleries which were designed for these sideboards were frequently of a very elaborate description ; an example will be given later when the Works in Architecture of Robert and James Adam is considered. Sometimes drawers were provided in the friezes of the central tables, but they were more frequently absent in the Adam examples. The doors of the pedestals were

MAHOGANY PEDESTALS AND URNS. 5 ft. 2 ins. high x 1 ft. 2.V ins. wide.

MAHOGANY PEDESTALS AND URNS. 5 ft. 2 ins. high x 1 ft. 2.V ins. wide.

Digitized by iviicroson ®

always hinged on the ends, and various devices were adopted for the fitting of the interiors. The one on the right hand was sometimes, but rarely, reserved for wine, that on the left being generally fitted with two or three racked shelves lined with lead, and a small heater for the warming of plates and dishes. The urns were always hollow, those turned from solid wood being invariably of much later date. They were either fitted with taps and lined with lead or foil for the purpose of holding rose-water, or made with a top to rise on a central shaft with the lower part terraced and cut out on each tier, to hold knives, forks, and spoons. The latter device was more usual with Hepplewhite and Sheraton, Adam usually designing his sideboards with two or three slope-top knife-boxes in addition to the pair of urns. Very often the latter were purely ornamental, fulfilling no useful function whatever.

The knife-boxes of the Adam period are usually sloped on the top and rounded on the front, frequently fitted with hasps, hinges, and lock-plates of silver. They are generally

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