Yew And Fruitwood Chair

Dated 1640.

dividers, one point having a cutting edge. The general style of this piece suggests the Xorth Riding of Yorkshire.

Fig. 254 shows the Commonwealth simplicity carried into the early Restoration years, the vase-shaped balusters suggesting this date. The top is constructed of six boards, fixed to the heavy runners. It was probably rectangular in form, originally, and was cut to its present circular shape at a considerably later date. The detail of the uniting of the front and back legs with turned rails, and the tieing with a turned stretcher from their centres, precludes this chair-table from being referred to a date prior to 1660, in spite of its Cromwellian simplicity7.

The Lancashire settle is shown in Fig. 255. The distinguishing features are the " fielding," or chamfering of the back panels, the flat modelled character of the carving,

Cromwellian Yorkshire Style Oak Chairs
Fig. 258.

Fig. 259. OAK CHAIRS.

Date about 1660. 196

Victoria and Albert Museum.

the central leg, halved into its stretcher-rail below and into the seat apron above, and the arms cut from thin oak, little more than one inch in thickness. There is no central leg at the back. The framing has a small inlaid stringing of ebony and holly, herring-boned. The running guilloche pattern of the top rail of the back is ingeniously designed. The central panel, with its initials " A.W.," is original.

Fig. 256 is the Essex type of settle-chest with hinged seat, and is interesting as showing the persistence of the late seventeenth-century models. It is dated 1704, and there is no reason to suppose th'at this panel has been inserted at a later date. The carving " I (? J) C " and the date, has every appearance of being of the same age as the piece itself, and there are no indications, either at the front or the back, of the panel

OAK CHAIRS.

Height, 3 it. 3 ins.; width, i ft. 7 ins. ; depth, 1 ft. 4 ins. Height, 3 ft. 1 in.; width, 1 ft. 7 ins. ; depth, 1 it. 4 ins.

I">ate about 1660. H. Clifford Smith, Esq.

OAK CHAIRS.

Height, 3 it. 3 ins.; width, i ft. 7 ins. ; depth, 1 ft. 4 ins. Height, 3 ft. 1 in.; width, 1 ft. 7 ins. ; depth, 1 it. 4 ins.

I">ate about 1660. H. Clifford Smith, Esq.

Fig. 263. OAK CHAIR.

Yorkshire Type.

Height, 3 ft. it ins. ; width, I ft. 7 ins. ; depth, 1 ft. 4 ins.

Date about 1660.

H. Clifford Smith, Esq.

being added, nor of the surface being dubbed flat and re-carved. The panel is fixed in grooves in the framing, with the mouldings applied, but these only lie flat on the panel, and do not fix it in any way. This settle-chest must be regarded as showing the persistence of type, such as one finds in the instance of the thirty-hour, pull-up, long-case clocks which were made, in country districts,

Fig. 263. OAK CHAIR.

Yorkshire Type.

Height, 3 ft. it ins. ; width, I ft. 7 ins. ; depth, 1 ft. 4 ins.

Date about 1660.

H. Clifford Smith, Esq.

upwards of a century after the fashion of the pull-up clock had been superseded, by the key winding from holes in the dial-face.

The circular-seated chair, Fig. 257, has even* appearance of being of English make, but is, obviously, copied from the model of the Dutch " Burgomaster's " chair, examples of which are not unusual in Holland. It bears the date, 1640, which is very early for a piece of this kind made in England. There is no doubt that, with the

Fig. 264. OAK CHAIR.

Vorkshire Type (rare).

considerable Dutch settlement which took place in Norfolk and Suffolk during the latter half of the seventeenth century, not only were pieces from Holland imported, but also many were constructed, from English timber, by workmen from the Low Countries. It is exceptional to find caning in seats and back-panels as early as the reign of Charles I. These circular chairs are not unknown in England, but the greater number ar

Fig. 266. OAK CHAIR

Date about 1G60-70.

  1. The Hon. Richard Legh.
  2. 266. OAK CHAIR

Date about 1G60-70.

Capt. The Hon. Richard Legh.

Fig. 265. OAK CHAIR.

Date about 1600.

Fig. 265. OAK CHAIR.

Date about 1600.

Messrs. Gregory and Co.

obviously of foreign handiwork, that they can be summarily dismissed as such. In some examples, however, woods, such as yew, pear, apple and almond are used, which indicate, almost beyond question, that they were made in this country. They are generally described as Welsh, but there is no evidence for such locality of origin. It is safer to assume that they are of East Anglian make, copied from the Dutch models

which, we know, were imported into Ipswich and Norwich. Whether this example is spuriously dated, or no, is open to question. Judging from its style, and its English origin, a date between 1670 and iGqo would be more probable. The actual figures are in the numeral characters of this period.

The Yorkshire chair of the later seventeenth century is unmistakable. It is also the first of the open-back type, when cross-railing between the back uprights is adopted instead of the earlier framing. These chairs are generally constructed from oak, with either turned pendants, as in Figs. 258 and 260, of bog oak or stained fruit-wood, or balusters of yew, cherry or pear, as in Fig. 259. Eight examples are shown here which illustrate the usual Yorkshire patterns. The pair of chairs, Figs. 261 and 262, are of identical pattern to Fig. 260, but have lost the turned pendants under the cross-rails of the back. They show also the slight difference in size between the two chairs of a pair

Fig. 267.

Height, 3 ft. 4 ins. ; width, i ft. depth, 1 ft. 3 ins.

OAK CHAIRS.

Lancashire Type.

About 1670.

Capt. The Hon. Richard Legh.

Fig. 269. OAK CHAIR.

Date about 16G0.

Fig. 271. OAK CHAIR.

Height, 3 it. 7 ins. Date about 1690.

  1. Clifford Smith, Fsq.
  2. 269. OAK CHAIR.

Date about 16G0.

Fig. 270. OAK CHAIR.

Date about 1670.

Victoria and Albert ¡Museum.

Fig. 271. OAK CHAIR.

Height, 3 it. 7 ins. Date about 1690.

11. Clifford Smith, Fsq.

Fig. 273. OAK LANCASHIRE CHAIRS.

Mid-seventeenth century.

Capt. The Hon. Richard Legh.

which has already been referred to in this chapter. The seats are grooved into their rails, and sunk to hold a thin squab-cushion. Fig. 263 is unusual in having split balusters glued to the faces of the back legs above the seat. The projection of the top squares of the front legs, finished in turned buttons, is a detail general in walnut Restoration chairs, but unusual in those of Yorkshire origin in oak. Fig. 264 is much the rarest type of chair gf this district, in character

Fig. 276.

WALNUT CHILD'S CHAIR.

2 ft. 10 ins. high, floor to top of back. 1 ft. 7J ins. wide across front of seat. 1 ft. 5 ins. depth of seat.

Date about 1665-70.

Victoria and Albert'Museum.

OAK CHAIR.

South-Western Type.

Height of chair, 3 ft.; height to seat, 16 ins.

Date about 1665.

If. Clifford Smith, Esq.

OAK CHAIR.

South-Western Type.

Height of chair, 3 ft.; height to seat, 16 ins.

Date about 1665.

If. Clifford Smith, Esq.

strongly resembling the early sixteenth-century- examples of Northern France, from whence this model was probably inspired. This chair is in walnut, which still further emphasises its foreign appearance. Fig. 265 is of the usual kind, another version of Fig. 260, exceptional only- in its bobbin-turning.

The Lancashire small chair of the same period is also unmistakable. The back is framed, with a cresting to the top rail between the uprights, and

Fig. 277. CHERRY WOOD STOOL.

Fig. 277. CHERRY WOOD STOOL.

OAK STOOL. OAK STOOL.

Height, 15 ins. ; width, 13 ins. ; Height, 21 ins. ; width, 18 ins. ;

depth, glins. depth, 11 ins.

Fig. 280. ELM STOOL.

Height, 20 ins. ; width, i8i ins. ; depth, 13J ins. c. 1680.

Height, 21 ins. ; width, iS ins. ; depth, 10 ins. c. 1630.

  1. Clifford Smith, Esq.
  2. 280. ELM STOOL.

Height, 20 ins. ; width, i8i ins. ; depth, 13J ins. c. 1680.

Fig. 281. OAK STOOL (EAST ANGLIAN'.

the back frame is filled with a solid panel, either chamfered and left plain, or carved. The character of this Lancashire carving can be illustrated much more easily than it can be described. Nine examples of these Lancashire chairs are given in Figs. 266 to 274. With the exception of Figs. 267, 26S and 273, all have the wide opening between the seat and the lower rail of the back, which characterises the Lancashire chair of this period. Fig. 275 is the south-western county example of the same early Restoration date. The front legs are turned in a sturdy manner, with as little waste of wood as possible, and the under-framing is still square-sectioned. The back is solidly panelled, with the lower rail finishing on the seat level. The carving is simple, merely a succession of single gouge-cuts, in character almost like chip-carving.

Fig. 276 is a child's chair possessing both the oak and the walnut characteristics, in the bobbin-turning below the seat and the slide-rest-twisting above it. This example may be said to bridge the oak and the walnut periods, if the term can be used of two manners, which, at the end of the one and the beginning of the other, over-lapped by a period of nearly twenty years, and with it, we return again to the point arrived at in Fig. 239.

Of the seventeenth-century stools there is little to be said. They were made in considerable numbers, and were, in fact, the seats of their period, having the same

  1. 285. OAK STOOL.
  2. 1630. H. Clifford Smith, Esq.
  3. 284. OAK BOX STOOL.

Height, 14 ins. ; width, 17 ins. depth, 13 ins. c. 1040.

Fig. 283. OAK STOOL.

c. 1630.

  1. 285. OAK STOOL.
  2. 1630. H. Clifford Smith, Esq.

Fig. 28b. PINE STOOL TABLE.

Height, 21 ins. ; width, 23 ins. ; depth, 18 ins. c. 1660-70.

Fig. 28b. PINE STOOL TABLE.

Height, 21 ins. ; width, 23 ins. ; depth, 18 ins. c. 1660-70.

Fig. 287, OAK STOOL

H. Clifford Smith, Esq.

OAK STOOLS.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
How To Sell Furniture

How To Sell Furniture

Types Of Furniture To Sell. There are many types of products you can sell. You just need to determine who your target market is and what specific item they want. Or you could sell a couple different ones in a package deal.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment