Walnut Armchairs

Victoria and Albert Museum. Date about 1O70-S0. Bond's Hospital, Coventry.

2 16

James Chair

WALNUT CHAIR.

and enriched to accord with them. These two chairs from Belton, especially Fig. 302, show this ornate character in unmistakable fashion. Here we have the amorini not only in the back cresting and front stretcher, but also as terminals to the balusters of the back and as ornamental details on the front legs. Of these elaborate chairs, examples exist in many noted houses, as at Glemham Hall, for example, which show7 that the fashion must have been very widespread. Fig. 303 is

WALNUT CHAIR.

WALNUT CHAIR.

quieter in taste, and of pronounced Flemish design, the balusters of the back twisted in the eaiher manner from which Fig. 301 had departed.

Fig. 304 is of about the same period as the two chairs from Belton, and shows the somewhat rare conceit, of carving representations of couchant lions on the ends of the scrolled arms. In the cresting to the back are the figures of four boys, the two in the centre supporting a crown, resting on a female head. The same pattern, almost identical in detail, is repeated below in the stretcher uniting the front legs. The framing

Fig. 308. OAK AND WALNUT DAY-BED.

5 ft. ioj ins. long by 2 ft. 10 ins., floor to top of back, by 1 ft. 10 ins. depth of seat.

Date about 1660. Victoria and Albert Museum.

Fig. 308. OAK AND WALNUT DAY-BED.

5 ft. ioj ins. long by 2 ft. 10 ins., floor to top of back, by 1 ft. 10 ins. depth of seat.

Date about 1660. Victoria and Albert Museum.

Fig. 309, WALNUT DAY-BED.

Date about 1670-80. 218

Fig. 309, WALNUT DAY-BED.

Date about 1670-80. 218

Messrs. Robersons.

THE BACK OF THE DAY-BED, FIG. 309.

THE BACK OF THE DAY-BED, FIG. 309.

of the back is richly carved with bunches of grapes, vine tendrils and imbricated baskets, the figures of boys being introduced into the composition with a charming and novel effect. The front legs have the Flemish curve, but the somewhat older double twist is used for the back legs and the stretcher-railing. This is an ornate and well-designed chair of the full Restoration type. Fig. 305, from Bond's Hospital at Coventry, has the typical Restoration back and front stretcher, in conjunction with the Flemish front legs and arm balusters harmonising with the scrolled arm. Fig. 306 is of the same general form, but the double C-scroll of Flanders is introduced both in the back and on the front stretcher. The chair in Bond's Hospital has the caned back panel, but divided by a central muntin, which prepares the way for the three flat balusters in that of Fig. 306. In the latter the prototype of the cabriole leg can be seen in an unmistakable manner. Fig. 307, although possessing many of the older features, such as the twisted

legs and stretcher railing, has three vertical carved splats in the back, where an ingenious use is made of the Flemish C-scroll. The point-twist turning, also, is of unusual type in this chair. The upholstery of the seat is a later addition. It can be remarked, in this example, how backs of chairs become taller in the last years of Charles II, but that this example is not later than 1685 is suggested by the fact that the back cresting is still tenoned between the squares of the balusters, instead_of...being. dowelled on them in the manner of the next reign.

An innovation of the Restoration years was the day-bed, or chair with seat elongated to form a couch, a piece copied from the French chaise-longue. \\ hether these walnut day-beds were ever really practical pieces of furniture is doubtful ; they appear to possess about as much constructional strength as real comfort, and without thickly

Fig. 311. WALNUT ARM-CHAIR.

A typical example combining the constructional details of the Restoration period with Flemish details.

1680-5. Messrs. Gregorj- and Co.

Fig. 311. WALNUT ARM-CHAIR.

A typical example combining the constructional details of the Restoration period with Flemish details.

1680-5. Messrs. Gregorj- and Co.

Fig. 312.

WALNUT CHAIR.

The Restoration back combined with the James II construction of front legs and seal.

1665-S0.

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