J b

fashion, here used as dentils only. This is a charming piece of the simple kind, of date about 1G40, with pear-wood spindles of fine pattern, and the carving in very flat relief, almost like " poker-work." Fig. 92, made to stand

Fig. 92. OAK HANGING CABINET.

Height, 2 ft. 6 ins. ; width, 2 ft. 4 ins. ; depth, 9 ins. With rails of pear. Mid-seventeenth century.

H. Clifford Smith, Esq.

on a table or shelf, and secured to the wall by nails through the tops of the back uprights, is in the form of a miniature buffet. It has all the appearance of East Anglian work of the middle seventeenth century.

Plain shaft-turning begins to appear in revived form shortly after 1605, but examples of this date are somewhat rare in tables, still more so in other furniture. Fig. 93 is an arcaded chest, with a lifting lid opening to a flat tray, and a central door. The chest is on a stand with flat-sectioned cushioned frieze, carved with a scroll pattern in

pug^wf.

Fig. 93. OAK CHEST ON STAND.

low relief, in the style of about 1630-40. The legs are plain turned, the shafts ringed with an astragal at a third of their height. The bottom board is fixed to carved rails, tenoned into the squares of the legs, and pinned. The upper framings, the arches, and the pilasters, are all ornamented with a running guilloche pattern, and the panels have a chopped-in floral inlay. The ogival pilasters, acanthus-carved, and finishing in volutes over the lozenged triglyphs, are exceptional. This is a good example of the work of this date, of line workmanship and home county origin.

Fig. 94. OAK COURT CUPBOARD.

6 ft. 3 ins. wide by 5 ft. 1 in. high by 1 ft. 10 ins. deep. Mid-seventeenth century. 66

Fig. 94. OAK COURT CUPBOARD.

6 ft. 3 ins. wide by 5 ft. 1 in. high by 1 ft. 10 ins. deep. Mid-seventeenth century. 66

OAK CHEST, DATED 1637.

5 ft. *•}, ins. xvide across front, 2 ft. 5J ins. high by 2 ft. 2 J ins. deep.

OAK CHEST, DATED 1637.

5 ft. *•}, ins. xvide across front, 2 ft. 5J ins. high by 2 ft. 2 J ins. deep.

Victoria and'Albert Museum.

5 ft. 8 ins. long by 2 ft. 8} ins. high by 2 ft. ih ins. deep.

Date about 1640. Victoria and Albert Museum.

5 ft. 8 ins. long by 2 ft. 8} ins. high by 2 ft. ih ins. deep.

Date about 1640. Victoria and Albert Museum.

The large court-cupboard, Fig. 94, has a small guillocbe motive introduced into the frieze above the lower doors. The upper frieze has the interlaced arcade type of carving, which persists from the late fourteenth century, as a decorative device. The top is formed of thin boards here running from one side to the other, but sometimes fixed the other way, either butted or tongue-jointed with the end grain of the timber visible on the front. The balusters are without carving, a restrained modification of the bulbous form, turned in the one piece with the scratch-moulded uprights. The rails have the scratch-beads and hollows running through from side to side, with no attempt at mitring with the upright styles. The upper doors have both mitred mouldings and framings. The upward facing edges of the rails are chamfered in the usual manner. Plain cupboards of this type, with simple balusters, can usually be referred to the Welsh bordering counties, Somerset or even northern Lancashire, but in the work of the latter county, fruit-wood, principally cherry, was generally introduced as a relief to the oak, in split balusters or ornaments of a similar character.

Chests made to stand 011 the floor still continued in favour during nearly the whole of the seventeenth century, but their numbers diminished when the cupboard, or the chest on a raised stand, came into vogue and offered a greater convenience. Towards x 1G80 the chest with drawers largely superseded the older form with hinged top, and the latter became gradually obsolete, in consequence. These middle seventeenth-century chests, with hinged tops, are frequently dated, in addition to the carving of the initials or names of the original possessors, and are thus valuable indications of period when the dating can be accepted as reliable and original, and not a later embellishment. Thus in Fig. 95, on either side of the upper, and later keyhole, is carved "THIS IS ESTHER HOBbOXXE CHI ST 1637." which is, approximately, its date. It is of midland county make, probably Cheshire, resembling Fig. 84 in general character. A suggestion of the last phase of the Gothic can be remarked in the frieze rail and the vertical styles. Fig. 96 is of about the same date, with carving of finer design and cutting. The French character of the Henry II period

Height, 13 ins. ; width, 22 ins. ; depth, 16 ins. Early seventeenth century.

  1. Clifford Smith, Esq.
  2. 97. OAK DESK.

Height, 13 ins. ; width, 22 ins. ; depth, 16 ins. Early seventeenth century.

H. Clifford Smith, Esq.

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