Influential Makers of the

Furniture Making Cad Dwg

Serving Table left and Dining Table, 929 Well known as architects, the Greene brothers designed Arts and Crafts furniture recogni cd for uniquely distinctive details such as the ctoud lift lines seen on various members of their tables and plugged mortises on breadboard ed tabletops. Their work represents some of the highest expressions of the American Arts and Crafts movomont. thoughtfully arranged for a pleasing visual pattern and the most efficient use. 4. Design paradigms In American Arts...

Short History of Design

It is in the very nature of furniture design to evolve, taking a little from here and a little from there, sometimes making a large leap until a new technique or a new material. INCI FlSl W X DWORKI G'S inception 27 years ago, a vast range of furniture from virions periods lias appeared in its pages. What follows is a condensed overview describing many of these various styles. I've tried to put them into a historical pe spective based on their defining characteristics, but the process of design...

Furniture Design The Four Objectives

Durability often is coti fuse I gt itii quality, but in reality quality requires successful accomplish merit o f all design objectives . . WHEN YOU DESIGN a piece of furniture, you have four primary objectives. You may not be consciously aware of them, but they are part of your decision-making process. The four goals arc function, comfort, durability, and beauty. Although these are all very fundamental to woodworking, they deserve to be explored from time to time. for me the function of a piece...

Going Over Edges

TOP EDGES ARE an opportunity, a chance for a furniture maker to reinforce and enhance the overall design of a piece to emphasize the horizontal or vertical aspect, to draw attention away from the base and toward the top or vice versa, to repeal an element or quahty oflhe base, or to lake the piece in a new direction. But a top edge, whether on a table, a desk or a case piece, is not experienced in isolation. Radier, the edge affects you in concert with the rest oflhe piece. An edge is a kind...

Building Without Plans

Furniture Design Development Sketches

Wood began by making at least some things from plans. I was no exception. But working from plans can begin to feel restrictive. At some point we all wonder, What if designed it myself Making a standing screen presents a wonderful chance to explore the design aspect of woodworking. With its straight lines and straightforward joinery, a screen presents a minimum of construction challenges, opening the way for thoughts of design. The length of the project usually can be measured in days rather...

Drafting Table for Shop or Home

Threaded Rod Architecture Plan

Tin DRAFTING ROOM at the college where 1 teach furniture making had long been a sore spot with me. The tables we used were industria -type library tables, not designed for drawing. The students who used them were far from comfortable. For hours at a time, they hunched over a flat surface that was at the wrong height. It made drafting a pain. To solve that problem, I designed and built the prototype shown in the top photo on p. 73. After working out the bugs in the design, 1 realized that this...

A Chest of Drawers

Drawers Garrett Hack

THE CHEST FORM has been around at least 3, U0 years, so it's hard to imagine designing something original today. I don't even pretend to. Instead, I freely borrow from this wealth of past ideas. Generations of craftsmen before me have played with chests in every way imaginable. They have refined everything from the sensuous sweep of certain curves to the basics of drawer joinery and case construction. Chests of drawers from simple country chests to sophisticated highboys are rich with ideas and...

Quintessential Arts and Crafts

BY GRAHAM ,K Arts AN1 RAFIS STYl I. has BLACKBURN I been popular for a hundred years M there are examples in every antique and secondhand furniture store reproductions abound and it's a perennial favorite with woodworkers but what exactly defines Arts and Crafts Ask anyone familiar with the style- also known as Mission, Craftsman, Crafts, Cloister, or even Quaint -how they identify it, and you'll get answers that typically contain words such as foursquare, straightforward con struction,exposed...

Designing Furniture A Survival Guide

Demilune Table With Garrett Hack

1 A ASSIGNING A PIECE OF FURNITURE should be fun, not intimidating, iMmmmr Yet know woodworkers who think nothing ofhuilding complicated jigs or mastering difficult finishes but feel lost when it comes to designing a piece offur-nilure truly iheir own. The most important thing you can do is to train your eye. Look at furniture you like. Look in books, or go to museums, galleries, and new or antique furniture stores. Discover what appeals to you and why. In my article Designing a Chest...

Projects

Oa woodworking project, either through concept sketches or from measuring an existing piece, the next step is to create a bridge between the idea and the actual construction. This means defining your vision on paper with working drawings, usually a three-view ordiographic projection see OreatingWorking Drawings, pp. 47 52 . I use these drawings to generate a bill of materials, which functions both as an order sheet and as a data base from which to develop the cutting lists one for solid stock...

Creating Working Drawings

Traditional Isometric View Furniture

Career, 1 dreaded ihe drawing stage ofa project. It was always a daunting, tedious process that only put off the true fun shaping real wood into real objects. After erasing a misplaced or poorly drawn line for the umpteenth time, I'd often think that I could have built the darn thing in the time it took to do the drawings. Considering the way 1 was producing drawings, 1 was probably right. Today, however, 1 thoroughly enjoy the drawing process, and 1 relish seeing my ideas first come to life on...

Building in the Language of Greene and Greene

Greene And Greene Furniture Plans

I MAI A ROOMFUL OF FURNITURE recently in the style of Charles and Henry Greene, brothers who designed houses and furniture in California in the first decades of this century. One of the most difficult aspects of making this furniture was finding ways to produce the details, the little touches that define the Greenes' work and make it so appealing to the hand and eye.The square black pegs, which are left slightly proud of the mahogany surface the exposed splines also proud and gently radiused...

Joining Legs to Aprons

Tenon Mortise

THE LIFE OF A TABLE is often not easy. Legs get kicked the table gets pushed and pulled across uneven floors, leaned against and sometimes even sat upon. To make matters worse, the very nature of wood adds to the stress. As the table-top shrinks and swells with seasonal changes, the movement works against the integrity ofthe table's structure.Where is all this stress felt It's the leg-to-apron joint that holds a table together and gives it rigidity. When diat joint fails, the table falls apart....

Models Help Projects Succeed

BIG OR SMALL, MODELS help refine design. The author uses three kinds of models to help her visualize furniture projects before they are built. Full-size mock-ups can be assembled quickly with cardboard and straight pins, as she does here. mmm'M A BIG PAN OF MAKING MODHLS and mock-ups before I move on to a fin-JLishcd piece of furniture. Whet he r the prototypes are cardboard or foam, full size or one-eighth scale, they help solve a long hst offurnituremaking problems. Models are good for...

Federal Period

Bed Flush Wall Cad Blocks

Massive in scale and proportion High-style Philadelphia Federal bureau, French Empire inspired Mahogany and bird's-eye maple fter the Revolution, American tastes and sympathies transferred from Bntain to France, especially with regard to furniture styles. The French Empire style planned and fostered by Napoleon was adopted and distinctively modified by American cabinetmakers and is typically known as Federal style. In comparison to the light and well-proportioned furniture typified by the...

The Pilgrim Century

Cupids Bow Top Rails

Nicholas Disbrowe is the first known American maker Oak, frame-and-panel construction Uncompromisingly rectangular Similar to earlier English oak styles, but distinctive Connecticut Valley, Hadley style This piece shows the chest becoming a chest of drawers Tulip motit carved over entire loot Much early American furniture came here with the first immigrants, including, most famously, the Pilgrims. They brought-and then made-oak pieces typical of the Jacobean, William and Mary, and Carolean...

Doors Make the Difference

French Cleats Woodworking

Many wall cabinets, kitchen cabinets or even freestanding cabinets is the doors. By changing the style ofthe door, you can subtly or significantly alter the appearance ofthe cabinet, as 1 found on a re-centjob when ended up making five different doors for the same carcase. wanted to design a simple wall cabinet that mounts on a hidden hanger see the sidebar on p. 80 and that would function in a variety of settings. started with a basic box for the carcase, as shown in the drawing on p. 81, with...

Elements of the Shaker Style

Craftsman Case Molding

BY CHRISTIAN TTTW, W ,RKIN MASi LRS Jere IA Osgood, Sam Maloofand W W George Nakashima eac h evolved a style and explored it to its ultimate conclusion, and to hell with what was in vogue.The Shakers did the same thing, continually refining their idiom until they approached perfection, without regard to the latest trend. hey developed a style of furniture that blends well and fits comfortably in any type of house. The Shakers went out of their way to eschew fashion The result is timelessness. I...