Space For Service Tray

additional. spatial volumes.

  1. 132.separate spatial volumes assembled into a single. volumetric mass*
  2. i s3. structural FORM AND ENRICHMENT. note thrust 'and plasticity.



Utility Cabinet for the Dining Room

A combination chest of drawers and serving table has been developed by the method just described, and found detailed on Plate 22. The spaces desirable for flat silver, napkins, table cloths, mats, and miscellaneous articles were measured, recorded, and arranged according to size in Figure 150, Plate 22. As these were being measured, it was observed that the tea service and serving tray were placed on top of the existing chest with the serving tray tilted precariously against the wall.

The designer constantly is alert to possibilities of functional improvements, and thus the idea of including these items in the plan for the chest matured; their space volumes were measured as in Figure 151, Plate 22.

Assembled in an approach to rhythmic sequence, the combined minor volumes appear as a single volume in Figure 152, and represent in their combined totalities the actual functioning volume of the cabinet. To make an integrated volume of these minor volumes, two small spaces were added at a and b, Figure 152—added in such a manner as to make a symmetrical and balanced design of the whole. While in Plate 21, the widely divergent natures of the containers seemed to suggest asymmetrical patterning, the spaces of the present problem made symmetry advisable.

The question arises as to the disposition of added spaces like a and b, Figure 152. Some designers would prefer to turn these into compartments, but the chest seems sufficiently complex as it now stands and the decision is to make the added space nonfunctional—surely a small amount of wasted space in payment for the harmony added to the design.

Developing this problem to the form stage, we have Figure 153, Plate 22. With the pleasant gleam of silver in mind, the top is of plate glass through which the silver reflects its colors, while the glass top makes an excellent and clean serving table. Among other details, attention is directed to the use of drawer handles assembled in strips for unity and placed directly under divisions a and b, continuing their vertical thrusts.

Miscellaneous Problems

A much simpler problem appears in Figure 154, Plate 22, assembled in Figure 155, and developed to the form stage in Figure 156. The design needs little explanation; the lower compartments are for envelopes and letter paper. If the beginner in design finds difficulty in assembling minor volumes, it is suggested that a number of wooden blocks be made to scale, each block representing a volume for some distinct purpose, as collars, silverware, and so on. Select the blocks desired for the problem and pile them in different arrangements until a pleasing composition results from your efforts. Indeed, a functional collection of volumes for all sorts of USes—a roller-skate volume, another for shoes, and one for baseballs—would make an interesting part of any classroom equipment. Let it be understood that there is nothing childish in this, as one of the great industrial design schools in Europe uses nonfunctioning blocks for proportionate study.

The volumetric mass for a radio, Figure 157, becomes the radio cabinet of Figure 158, with the diagonal tapestry weave symbolic of radio impulses. There is a growing demand for concealed radio dials, hidden under top covers—a demand worked out in Figures 159 from the data supplied by Figure 157. When it is desired, the occupant of the couch opens the lid of his cabinet and readily enough manipulates the dials. This infrequent radio user has an end table for general use, quickly formed by bringing the leaves together, thus making the radio cabinet function in a dual capacity.

Throughout this book we have directed the reader toward channels of good taste, toward the pleasure of creative expression, leading to the construction of objects saturated with service to society. Let the author leave with his reader three guardian words, three maxims for good modern design— BEAUTY, EFFICIENCY, and ECONOMY-interlocked and inseparable and without which no industrial product can exist.

Decimal Equivalents of Fractions of an Inch



33/64 = 17/32 = 35/64 = 9/I6 =


13/16 =

.765625 .78125 •796875 .8125

5/64 = 3/32 = 7/64 = 1/8 =

.078125 •09375 •109375 .125

3/8 =

•328125 •34375 •359375 •375

37/64 = 19/32 = 39/64 = 5/8 =

.578125 •59375 •609375 .625

53/64 = 27/32 = 55/64 = 7/8 =

.828125 •84375 •859375 •875

9/64 = 5/32 = 11/64 = 3/16 =

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