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Furniture Craft Plans

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The qualities of furniture-making still depended on the skill of the joiner, who began to use the continental dovetailing methods of joining boards which foreign craftsmen had introduced into England.

The ardent desire of tradesmen to maintain differentials resulted in the London Court of Aldermen (in 1632) deciding that carpenters should be restricted to making nailed and boarded work and that only joiners could use glue, mortise and tenon and dovetail joints. It was this process that divided the joiner's craft into those who fitted up rooms, for example with panelling, and those who would be called cabinetmakers.

By the second half of the century the cabinetmaker was supreme, one of the earliest references to a 'cabinetmaker' being in Samuel Pepys's diary in 1664. The increasing division of crafts and trades continued with chair makers, cane chair makers, japanners, turners and other crafts, developing their specialities.

Drawer construction is a reference point for the skill of cabinetmakers, and drawer development is related to the rise of the cabinetmaker (Figure 1.12). The frames were invariably of oak, possibly due to the weara-bility on sliding surfaces, whereas oak and

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Figure 1.12 Development of dovetailed drawer construction. (a) Up to around 1650: Sides fit into a rebated drawer front and are butt jointed at the back. Note that sides are thick (up to one inch) to accommodate the groove. Grain of drawer bottom runs front to back. (b) Up to about 1700: Drawer sides have a single coarse through dovetail at the front and are butt jointed at the back. The drawer front was veneered. Runners sometimes added to lift the drawer bottom clear of cross rails in the carcass. (c) From around 1670: Coarse lap dovetailing may be found. (d) Around 1700: Drawer sides have two or more coarse lapped dovetails at the front and through dovetail/s at the back. Drawer sides can be thinner now they are not grooved. (e) Around 1700: Drawers now slide on runners and both drawer bottom and runners may be rebated into the drawer side. (f) Early eighteenth century: Lipped drawers concealed through dovetails with an applied cross grain moulding. (g) From the early eighteenth century: Dovetails further refined as multiple pins and tails introduced. (h) From around 1715: cockbeading added to drawer fronts to protect veneer and as a decorative feature. Drawer bottoms with the grain running from side to side begin to be used from the first quarter of the eighteenth century. (i) From the last quarter of the eighteenth century: Dovetails become finer. Whilst the side and bottom cockbead remain in rebates, the top cockbead is the width of the drawer front and requires a half mitre. Drawer bottom fitted into rebated slips that are glued to the drawer sides

Figure 1.12 Development of dovetailed drawer construction. (a) Up to around 1650: Sides fit into a rebated drawer front and are butt jointed at the back. Note that sides are thick (up to one inch) to accommodate the groove. Grain of drawer bottom runs front to back. (b) Up to about 1700: Drawer sides have a single coarse through dovetail at the front and are butt jointed at the back. The drawer front was veneered. Runners sometimes added to lift the drawer bottom clear of cross rails in the carcass. (c) From around 1670: Coarse lap dovetailing may be found. (d) Around 1700: Drawer sides have two or more coarse lapped dovetails at the front and through dovetail/s at the back. Drawer sides can be thinner now they are not grooved. (e) Around 1700: Drawers now slide on runners and both drawer bottom and runners may be rebated into the drawer side. (f) Early eighteenth century: Lipped drawers concealed through dovetails with an applied cross grain moulding. (g) From the early eighteenth century: Dovetails further refined as multiple pins and tails introduced. (h) From around 1715: cockbeading added to drawer fronts to protect veneer and as a decorative feature. Drawer bottoms with the grain running from side to side begin to be used from the first quarter of the eighteenth century. (i) From the last quarter of the eighteenth century: Dovetails become finer. Whilst the side and bottom cockbead remain in rebates, the top cockbead is the width of the drawer front and requires a half mitre. Drawer bottom fitted into rebated slips that are glued to the drawer sides pine were used for drawer fronts. The fixing of drawers by hanging them on runners and grooves was improved by drawers sliding on the dust board. The grain of drawer bottoms at first ran from front to back but was later changed to run from side to side. Drawers with dovetailed fronts replaced nailed and rebated ones. After 1670, the crude through dovetailing of the fronts of drawers used in the early part of the century was replaced with lapped or stopped dovetailing which gave a better ground for veneering.

Early panelled work used mouldings that were run on oak and used as a framing surround. By the seventeenth century, mouldings for cornices, plinths, friezes, edges of tables, drawers and so on were important for decorative effect and were usually finished with cross-grained veneer. The cavetto (hollow) shape was used on tall chests and the half-round on carcase fronts; the double half-round was used between 1700 and 1715. On drawers after 1710, an ovolo moulding was set so that the join between the opening and the drawer was hidden when closed.

Turning Until the early seventeenth century turnings were produced on dead-centre lathes, driven by treadle or wheel or on the pole lathe. For much of the century, knop and ring turning and bobbin turning were repeated but towards the end of the century there were some contrivances introduced that allowed a twist or spiral to be put in on the lathe rather than by using hand-rasping to achieve the effect.

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How To Sell Furniture

How To Sell Furniture

Types Of Furniture To Sell. There are many types of products you can sell. You just need to determine who your target market is and what specific item they want. Or you could sell a couple different ones in a package deal.

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