Stoppings are used to repair small defects in presentation surfaces of (wooden) supports of furniture after manufacture, before further finishing. Historically, stoppings were based on oil and whiting, wood dust and glue, resin, wax or a combination of these. A representative stopping recipe for 'beaumontage' for traditional cabinet work included equal parts of beeswax and crushed rosin, a few flakes of shellac and dry pigments heated until the mixture had melted together and was used hot (Hayward, 1974). Commercially available shellac and 'lacquer' sticks are available for this purpose which are melted and dripped into the hole. Various types of plastic wood, supplied in tubes and cans, often contain cellulose and a quick drying synthetic resin binder. Two part wood stoppings that set with a catalyst are also available. Stoppings based on natural resins may have a tendency to crack and become brittle. Wax-based stoppings may be too soft for normal wear and could inhibit the adhesion of later finish work. Two part stoppings set by chemical reaction and may therefore be difficult to remove.
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