Textiles, commonly unbleached plain weave cottons coated with rubber, were used to produce inflatable cushions from 1813 and waterbeds from 1832. The material was exploited for its waterproof properties in clothing (e.g. the Macintosh) and carriage work. However, it was hard and inflexible during cold weather, soft and sticky in hot weather - two disadvantages which led to its being superseded, first by superior forms of rubber and later by synthetic materials such as those based on cellulose nitrate.
Was this article helpful?
THIS book is one of the series of Handbooks on industrial subjects being published by the Popular Mechanics Company. Like Popular Mechanics Magazine, and like the other books in this series, it is written so you can understand it. The purpose of Popular Mechanics Handbooks is to supply a growing demand for high-class, up-to-date and accurate text-books, suitable for home study as well as for class use, on all mechanical subjects. The textand illustrations, in each instance, have been prepared expressly for this series by well known experts, and revised by the editor of Popular Mechanics.