Design and construction

During the early part of the sixteenth century, tenon-jointed frames, pegs and dowels were used to make the panelled construction that was in general use. This had been introduced from Flanders in the fifteenth century. The frame and panelling technique could be either left open for chairs, stools or tables, or enclosed with the panels for wall covering, boxes, chests and settles. During the sixteenth century the development of the true constructional mitre allowed the mouldings to be pre-cut on the stiles and posts before assembly rather than being cut like masons' mouldings over the true joint. Thus the basic techniques of making were established and would serve the joiner well, until the advent of the cabinetmaker in the later seventeenth century.

Turning created some of the more elaborate chair forms during the sixteenth and early seventeenth century (Figure 1.6). The description 'turned all over' gives an indication of the design. These chairs, the work of turners, were different from traditional chair construction in that their joints were usually dowelled and pegged rather than mortised and tenoned.

Figure 1.6 Turned or 'thrown' chair with triangular seat, early seventeenth century
Wood Working for Amateur Craftsman

Wood Working for Amateur Craftsman

THIS book is one of the series of Handbooks on industrial subjects being published by the Popular Mechanics Company. Like Popular Mechanics Magazine, and like the other books in this series, it is written so you can understand it. The purpose of Popular Mechanics Handbooks is to supply a growing demand for high-class, up-to-date and accurate text-books, suitable for home study as well as for class use, on all mechanical subjects. The textand illustrations, in each instance, have been prepared expressly for this series by well known experts, and revised by the editor of Popular Mechanics.

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