Composition

There are numerous recipes for composition and the term is used to cover many forms of raised decoration including papier mâché and 'pastiglia'. However, the traditionally accepted form of 'gilders' compo' is a mixture of resin, linseed oil, animal glue and whiting. Ornament is created by pressing the warm, dough-like composition into reverse-carved moulds of boxwood or fruitwood (Thornton, 1985). When released from the mould the composition will have taken on the detail, however fine, of the mould. At this stage it is pliable and easy to cut enabling the ornament to be placed onto curved surfaces or into corners. Once dry, composition is hard and brittle and cannot be cut into or carved without the material splintering or shattering. Though composition itself is very durable, shrinkage can be a problem and regular breaks and gaps are a common feature in this type of ornament. As it shrinks and breaks it sometimes also curls away from the support.

Wood Working for Amateur Craftsman

Wood Working for Amateur Craftsman

THIS book is one of the series of Handbooks on industrial subjects being published by the Popular Mechanics Company. Like Popular Mechanics Magazine, and like the other books in this series, it is written so you can understand it. The purpose of Popular Mechanics Handbooks is to supply a growing demand for high-class, up-to-date and accurate text-books, suitable for home study as well as for class use, on all mechanical subjects. The textand illustrations, in each instance, have been prepared expressly for this series by well known experts, and revised by the editor of Popular Mechanics.

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