Coated fabrics and leather cloths Oil cloths

In Europe, from the fourteenth century, oil cloths were made in imitation of leather and came to be used for upholstery. The cloth was made by applying coatings of a filling, typically a paste of china clay or lithopone in thickened linseed oil, to one side of a suitable cloth base, typically unbleached, plain woven cotton or linen. Several applications of these materials would be required to produce the finished cloth, which was allowed to dry at moderate temperature between applications. The better qualities of cloth were rubbed down between coatings, dusted with chalk and calendared. The results were variously known as American cloth, wax cloth, toile cire and Lancaster cloth.

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Wood Working for Amateur Craftsman

Wood Working for Amateur Craftsman

THIS book is one of the series of Handbooks on industrial subjects being published by the Popular Mechanics Company. Like Popular Mechanics Magazine, and like the other books in this series, it is written so you can understand it. The purpose of Popular Mechanics Handbooks is to supply a growing demand for high-class, up-to-date and accurate text-books, suitable for home study as well as for class use, on all mechanical subjects. The textand illustrations, in each instance, have been prepared expressly for this series by well known experts, and revised by the editor of Popular Mechanics.

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