Second Type Of Cane Chairs

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As has been stated above, the second type of cane chair consists of those in which the carved cresting extends over the stiles of the back. These are later than the first type, not having appeared much before 1685. The writer has never seen a specimen which had the simple Flemish scroll foot and only very rarely one which used that scroll ;n the design. They are occasionally found, however, with the elaborated scroll foot and the scroll foot shown on the chair illustrated in Figure 457. It is most generally found with a simple scroll or Spanish scroll foot. 1 he form of constiuction :s faulty, as the back is very much weakened by having the cresting dowelled ato the stiles instead of being mortised and tenoned into it.

Figure 470 shows a side cha'i in this style belonging to Mr. Dwight M. Prouty, which is a fairly early specimen of the kind, for the legs are i 1 the design of the elaborated Flemish scroll and the Flemish scroll is carved on the lower rail of the back. The cresting which extends over the stiles is composed of a large unilateral scroll with volutes at the two ends and C scrolls, while the front stretcher is an arch studded with balls.

Flemish Feet
Cane Chair, Flemish feet, 1680-1700. Cane Chair, Spanish feet, 1680-1700.

Figure 471 is a good example of an arm-chair in this style. The cresting is high, carved with a scroll design, and the upper part of the frame for the cane is cut in curves and so pierced as to give the effect of a separate piece. The carved front stretcher is in a similar design to the cresting. The legs are bulbous-turned, terminating in Spanish feet. The cane in the back is original.

Figure 472 shows an arm-chair of about the same period. The cresting and front stretcher are carved in the design of foliated C scrolls supporting a crown. The legs are turned and terminate in a simple inward scroll foot.

Scroll Foot
Cone Chair, scroll feet, 1680-1700. Cane Chair, Spanish feet, 1680-1700. Catic Chair, turned legs, about 1700.

F igure 473 is an example of a side chair of the type under discussion. The cane extends into the cresting with a Gothic effect and the front stretcher is suggestive of that shown in Figure 471. The legs are turned, terminating in well-formed Spanish feet.

Figure 474 is of a later date, but the cresting and front stretcher are in the same design as that shown in F"igure 471. The upper frame of the cane is pierced so as to appear to be separate from the cresting and is in the same Gothic form as that shown in the preceding figure. The four preceding chairs are in the possession of the writer.

This type of chair did not remain long in favour, but was superseded by the third type.

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