Dutch Type Of Chairs

Characteristics Boston Furniture Legs

The new style, which we have seen foreshadowed in the preceding illustrations, was, from the structural point of view, a distinct advance in the evolution toward lightness. It seems strange that, a few years after the very elaborate carved cane chairs were in' vogue, the wheels of fashion should have turned to such simplicity. The chief characteristics of the style were the use of the cyma curve in the place of straight lines wherever possible and the introduction for the first time of the...

Second Type Of Cane Chairs

Scroll Foot

As has been stated above, the second type of cane chair consists of those in which the carved cresting extends over the stiles of the back. These are later than the first type, not having appeared much before 1685. The writer has never seen a specimen which had the simple Flemish scroll foot and only very rarely one which used that scroll n the design. They are occasionally found, however, with the elaborated scroll foot and the scroll foot shown on the chair illustrated in Figure 457. It is...

Slatback Turned Chairs

Antique Slat Back Chair Styles

The second type of turned chair has a much longer history and is found late in the eighteenth century in fact, it probably suggested the so-called ladder backs to the cabinetmakers of the Chippendale school. One reason for its popularity over the spindle type was because a series of slats in the back are more comfortable than the spindles. We will trace the development of the slat-back turned chairs consecutively, although it will result in a disarrangement of the chronological order. Figure...

Third Type Of Cane Chairs

Dutch Colonial Furniture

The third type of cane chairs are those in which the stiles of the back are not turned, but moulded, and appear to carry in a continuous line over the top. In this type the stiles of the back are often the frame for the cane. A very fine example of this type is shown Wfl ab F fr . in Figure 475. It will be seen that the entire Bfl Kf S plkS space between the stiles of the back is filled with cane without any suggestion of a splat. g n ir, 4-- The cresting is cut in a design which is a mix- Cane...

Turned Spindleback Chair

Colonial Table Chair Styles

The turned chairs were of simple construction. The rails were let into holes bored to receive them, mortised and tenoned, and were often held in place with draw-bore pins holding all the joints tight, thus giving the chair a solidity and strength which has resisted the ravages of time to such an extent that many specimens of the seventeenth-century chairs of this type are extant which are apparently as strong and sound in their joints as if made to-day. These chairs were made sometimes of oak...

Wainscot Chairs

1653 Colonial Clothing Worn

I ne second style of chair found prior to 1650 is the oak chair known as the wainscot chaii. Ihe word wainscot is derived from the Dutch wagenschot, literally a wagon partition, referring to the best oak timber, well grained and without knots, such as was used in the best coaches of the period. These chairs were much more massively built than the turned chairs, the construction being the same as was found on the oak chests and cupboards of the period. I he backs were framed and panelled, and...