Once you have felled a log and trimmed off the branches, saw it into workable lengths, called bolts. For best results, use a chain saw. Split the bolts in half (photo, above), using a sledgehammer and iron wedges; wear safety goggles throughout the operation. To cleave the halves into quarters, stand the piece up, mark the center on the end and drive a wedge into the mark. Continue driving the wedge (right) until the bolt splits.
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